著者
福田 千紘 宮﨑 智彦 Lee Bo-Hyun
出版者
宝石学会(日本)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.6, 2014 (Released:2014-10-01)

エチオピアからは 1994 年ごろにオパール の 産 出 が 報 告 さ れ て い る (KoivulaJ.I.,et al 1994).2008 年前半には Wollo地区において豊穣な鉱床がみつかり,多量のカット石が市場に供給されている(Rondeu.,et al 2010).また 2013年初め頃に原石のままでの輸出が禁止されたと報じられた(Addis Fortune Jan. 2013).これらは主に色調が無色∼白色から淡黄色∼褐色を呈し,半透明∼不透明まである.オーストラリア産オパールにみられる強い青白色の紫外線蛍光や燐光はほとんど認められず弱い青白色の蛍光が認められる.ほかの産地のオパールに比べて多孔質で日常の取り扱いで重量が変化しやすい個体が多く見受けられる. 2013年初めごろから暗黒色不透明なエチオピア産オパールとされるブラックオパールに似たオパールが流通し始めた.これらは売り手の情報によると処理を施してあり,酸と有機物を用いて黒色化しているとのことである.価格も処理を施されていない同産地のオパールよりも割高で明らかにブラックオパールを模して製造されていると推定される.外観はオーストラリア産ブラックオパールとは異なる独特の鮮やかな遊色とわずかに褐色を帯びた漆黒の地色を呈し,従来から知られている砂糖液処理やスモーク処理の処理オパールとも異なる.またあまり小さなカット石は存在せず数カラット以上の比較的大きく厚みのあるルースのみ存在する点も特徴的と思われる.透過光では暗赤色を呈する試料が多く,拡大検査にてスクラッチ状または斑点状の黒色の色だまりがみられる個体が多い.試料を切断したところ内部まで黒色で外形に沿った色の濃淡が認められた.これは内部まで処理の効果が及んでいることと原石のまま処理するのではなくカットして完成品に近い形状に仕上げた後に処理を施し表面を再研磨していることを示唆すると考えられる.色の起源に関してはアモルファスカーボンが原因との報告があり(Williams 2012),本研究でもアモルファスカーボンの存在を追認した. さらに今年に入ってから様々な色調に着色されたエチオピア産とされるオパールが流通し始めた.これらはファイアオパールに似せた黄色∼オレンジ色系のものと天然には存在しない地色が青色系,ピンク色系を確認した.これらは有色樹脂の含浸が疑われたが近赤外分光分析の結果,樹脂は検出されず色素を用いた着色処理であることが判明した. 本研究では黒色の処理オパールとそのほかの色の着色オパールの鑑別上の諸特徴を報告するとともに処理の再現実験の途中経過と暫定的な結果も報告する.
著者
田村 哲樹
出版者
日本政治学会
雑誌
年報政治学 (ISSN:05494192)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.66, no.1, pp.1_37-1_60, 2015 (Released:2018-06-10)
参考文献数
37

Scholars of politics have been familiar with normative-empirical distinction. Yet this article reconsiders this divide through exploring another classification in terms of the “observable” and the “unobservable”. According to this new classification, we can assume two types of politics research. Firstly, there are researches which are based on the positivist epistemology and, therefore, deal with the observable. In these cases, the cooperation between positivist, empirical analyses and the normative political philosophy focusing on moral values such as justice, equality and freedom would be feasible. Secondly, there are researches which are based on the non-positivist epistemologies including both interpretivism and realism, and, therefore, deal with the unobservable in some senses. In these cases, the cooperation between non-positivist empirical analyses and the “politics-political” political theory focusing on topics about the nature and the role of politics and the political would be feasible. Consequently, this article contends that we can rethink the existing distinction between the normative and the empirical in political science; the distance either between normative political philosophy and “politics-political” political theory or between positivist empirical analysis and non-positivist one might be farther than what is ordinarily drawn between normative political theory and empirical analysis.
著者
岡本 健

『ゾンビ学』(人文書院)の付録として、株式会社人文書院のウェブページで発表された論考。先行研究や資料のリサーチ方法を解説したもの。
著者
白水 貴 稲葉 重樹 牛島 秀爾 奥田 康仁 長澤 栄史
出版者
日本菌学会
雑誌
日本菌学会会報 (ISSN:00290289)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.1, pp.jjom.H30-02, 2018-05-01 (Released:2018-06-09)
参考文献数
25

日本においてキクラゲ Auricularia auricula-judae またはアラゲキクラゲ A. polytricha とされていた標本および菌株を用いて分子系統解析と形態比較に基づく分類学的検討を行った.Auricularia auricula-judae とされていた標本を含む26 サンプルは A. heimuer,A. minutissima,A. thailandica,A. villosula の4 種に同定され,A. auricula-judae s. str. は見られなかった.Auricularia polytrichaとされていた標本を含む26 サンプルは A. cornea と同定され,A. polytricha s.str やA. nigricans は見られなかった.この結果は,従来日本において A. polytricha として認識されてきた菌の中に A. cornea が含まれていることを示している.
著者
髙畑 克徳 髙嶋 博
出版者
日本神経治療学会
雑誌
神経治療学 (ISSN:09168443)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.1, pp.9-18, 2016 (Released:2016-05-20)
参考文献数
19

Autoimmune encephalopathies are clinically and immunologically heterogeneous disorders. Over time, many different types of autoimmune encephalopathy have been discovered. In such clinical situations, we often recognize that patients with autoimmune encephalopathy are often misdiagnosed as exhibiting functional psychogenic movement, conversion, or somatoform disorders. We clinically analyzed 63 patients (14 males and 49 females; age range, 15–79 years) diagnosed with autoimmune encephalopathy in our hospital from 2013 to 2015. Throughout this period we diagnosed almost no conversion disorders in our department. These patients were diagnosed using the diagnostic criteria for each disease, following clinical features showing neurological symptoms of brain origin, responsiveness to immunosuppressive therapy, the existence of known pathological antibodies, and/or history of human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination. Fourty–two patients showed motor disturbance (weakness, paresis of extremities, or slower pinching) and 35/42 (83.3%) patients showed give–way weakness, indicating disruption of continuous muscle contraction. Fourty–four patients showed sensory abnormalities such as strong pain, deep muscle pain, dysesthesia, paresthesia, or fast neurologic pain. Surprisingly, most pain was distributed in manner that was not explainable anatomically, while some patients also showed patchy, stocking–glove, or localized pain. Seventeen patients exhibited involuntary movements such as tremor entrainment, dystonia, or coarse involuntary movement. In most patients, such motor, sensory, or involuntary movements were markedly improved with immunosuppressive therapies such as prednisolone, azathioprine, or immune adsorption therapy. We observed memory loss, PNES (psychogenic non–epileptic seizure), dissociative amnesia, hyperventilation, opsoclonus, epilepsy, or autonomic symptoms amongst our patients. Although give–way weakness, anatomically unexplainable pain/abnormal sensation, and strange involuntary movements were thought to be psychogenic, the presence of one of these three symptoms was indicative of autoimmune encephalopathy. As autoimmune encephalitis exhibits diffuse involvement with the whole brain, these symptoms were entirely understandable. Except for the presence of organic disease, most patients were classified into somatoform disorders (DSM–IV, ICD–10) or functional movement disorders. Without first excluding autoimmune encephalopathy, we propose that physicians should not diagnose somatoform disorders. Since autoimmune encephalopathy patients often possess so–called psychogenic signs, it is possible that such signs might be generated by autoimmune encephalopathy instead of somatoform disorders. In conclusion, we propose that give–way weakness and anatomically unexplainable pain/abnormal sensation are key symptoms of autoimmune encephalopathy. We hope that many patients with autoimmune encephalopathy will now be identifiable using our new neurological examination and that each patient can be given an exact diagnosis and therefore be administered with the appropriate treatments.

16 0 0 0 タルムード

出版者
ライブ
巻号頁・発行日
1993
著者
西野 春雄
出版者
法政大学
雑誌
能楽研究 (ISSN:03899616)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, pp.59-88, 1993-03-30

4 0 0 0 OA 普通体操法

著者
坪井玄道, 田中盛業 編
出版者
文部省
巻号頁・発行日
1887
著者
上村 盛人
出版者
奈良教育大学
雑誌
奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 (ISSN:05472393)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, no.1, pp.69-80, 1977-11-15 (Released:2017-02-24)

In Swinburne's poetry we find many remarkable femme fatale characters : Dolores, Faustine, Venus, Mary Stuart, and Atalanta are all typical femmes fatales, to give a few examples. He was almost possessed with the femme fatale image, and in fact, he became the first to introduce to the Victorian England the "fatal woman" imagery, which was indeed the representative iconography in the fin de siecle European art. Mary Gordon was Swinburne's closely related cousin and was also his bosom friend who had shared the romantic make-believe world of their own since their childhood. Mary's sudden announcement to marry a soldier was a shock to the poet, to whom perhaps it meant destruction of their cherished private world. Swinburne had been interested in the femme fatale theme since his boyhood, and in his imagination the "fatal woman" image had already taken shape, waiting only for a chance to be actually written down as a poem. Mary's engagement announcement gave him such a chance, and now he could set out to become a chief actor in his‘monodrama', in which he was to be tormented by cruel femmes fatales. Swinburne was a poet who was extremely conscious of his poetic art as a‘maker' of poetry. Almost all his poetry can possibly be said‘meta-poetry', that is, poetry about poetry. To achieve his aim to embody‘l'art pour l'art' in his poems, he made use of surprisingly many poetic forms and themes. And his femme fatale myth was one of such themes and his‘lost love' to Mary Gordon gave a good chance to start him writing femme fatale poems.
出版者
国立国会図書館
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2018年, no.(686), 2018-06-01