著者
Ming Zhou Hongwen Ji Nian Fu Linxi Chen Yong Xia
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.244, no.2, pp.175, 2018 (Released:2018-02-22)

Retracted Review article: Nucleophagy in Human Disease: Beyond the Physiological Role. [Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 2018, 244 (1), 75-81. doi: 10.1620/tjem.244.75.]The above Review article was published online on January 27, 2018. Soon after its publication (on February 1, 2018), Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen informed the Editor-in-Chief, The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (TJEM), about serious violation of publication ethics. Indeed, Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen were astonished to find their names as coauthors of this Review article, because they were not involved in the submission process of this Review article and they do not know any of other coauthors. In addition, the Review article is similar to their unpublished manuscript. After a thorough investigation in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Editor-in-Chief of TJEM decided to retract this Review article. The reasons for Retraction are summarized below: forged authors and an unexpected case of plagiarism. Forged authors: Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen were added as co-authors of the Review article without their knowledge. In fact, the signature provided by Prof. Linxi Chen is apparently different from the signature of a coauthor, named Linxi Chen, on the AUTHORS’ RESPONSIBILITY FORM, provided by the corresponding author of the Review article. More critically, the signature provided by Dr. Nian Fu is completely different from the signature of Nian Fu, because the Chinese characters are different between the two signatures. In addition, the replies from three authors (Ming Zhou, Hongwen Ji and Yong Xia) clearly indicate that they misunderstand the identity of Dr. Nina Fu. We also attempted to contact two authors, named Nian Fu and Linxi Chen, via e-mail. As expected, the forged authors did not respond to our inquiries, despite that their e-mail addresses appear to be active. An unexpected case of plagiarism: This Review article is similar to the unpublished manuscript prepared by Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen. Moreover, two figures used in the Review article are identical to the preliminary figures of their unpublished manuscript. According to Dr. Nian Fu, a local agency for language editing had transferred their unpublished manuscript to a third party. Unfortunately, the check system of TJEM is not effective for plagiarism of unpublished materials. We believe that the corresponding author of the Review article included the names of the original two authors to avoid the criticism of plagiarism. Eventually, the corresponding author agreed to retract the Review article.We apologize for any inconvenience caused by this retraction to readers. We also hope that the publication of the plagiarized Review article will not trouble Dr. Nian Fu and Prof. Linxi Chen too much.
著者
岩元 辰篤 白井 達 森本 昌宏 岩崎 昌平 南 奈穂子 中尾 慎一
出版者
一般社団法人 日本ペインクリニック学会
雑誌
日本ペインクリニック学会誌 (ISSN:13404903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.4, pp.559-562, 2016 (Released:2016-11-04)
参考文献数
10

プレガバリン(PGB)を長期間継続投与中で,治療効果が不明瞭な症例において,投与中止が可能であるかにつき調査した.PGBを6カ月以上投与している11症例を対象とし,続行によってもさらなる改善がないと判断した場合,受診ごとに投与量を半減し,痛みが増強した場合には元の投与量に戻すこととして,25 mg/日まで減量が可能となった時点で中止とした.この結果,7例では減量後も痛みの程度に変化はなく中止が可能であったが,4例では減量あるいは中止により痛みが増強したために投与を継続した.以上,治療効果判定が不十分なままPGBを漫然と投与している症例があることが判明した.今後は,長期間投与を行っている症例では,漸減・中止を考慮すべきと考えられた.
著者
Toshio Katsuki
出版者
The Japanese Society for Plant Systematics
雑誌
Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica (ISSN:13467565)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.69, no.2, pp.119-126, 2018 (Released:2018-06-30)

A new species, Cerasus kumanoensis T. Katsuki (Rosaceae), sp. nov., is described from the southern Kii Peninsula, Japan. It is similar to C. jamasakura var. jamasakura and C. leveilleana because the corymbose inflorescences and extended peduncle are identical in these three taxa. However, C. kumanoensis is distinguished by several morphological and phenological characteristics, an earlier flowering period, narrowly ovate and smaller leaf blade (4–8 cm long, 1.8–3.6 cm wide) and glabrous petiole and pedicel.
出版者
一般社団法人 日本音響学会
雑誌
日本音響学会誌 (ISSN:03694232)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.1, pp.58-59, 2018-12-25 (Released:2018-07-01)

92 5 0 0 OA 官職要解 : 修訂

著者
和田英松 著
出版者
明治書院
巻号頁・発行日
1926
出版者
水産試験場
巻号頁・発行日
vol.第5号, 1943
著者
香川(田中) 聡子 大河原 晋 田原 麻衣子 川原 陽子 真弓 加織 五十嵐 良明 神野 透人
出版者
日本毒性学会
巻号頁・発行日
pp.P-163, 2014 (Released:2014-08-26)

【目的】近年、生活空間において“香り”を楽しむことがブームとなっており、高残香性の衣料用柔軟仕上げ剤や香り付けを目的とする加香剤商品の市場規模が拡大している。それに伴い、これら生活用品の使用に起因する危害情報も含めた相談件数が急増しており、呼吸器障害をはじめ、頭痛や吐き気等の体調不良が危害内容として報告されている。本研究では、柔軟仕上げ剤から放散する香料成分に着目し、侵害受容器であり気道過敏性の亢進にも関与することが明らかになりつつあるTRPA1イオンチャネルに対する影響を検討した。【方法】ヒト後根神経節Total RNAよりTRPA1 cDNAをクローニングし、TRPA1を安定的に発現するFlp-In 293細胞を樹立した。得られた細胞株の細胞内Ca2+濃度の増加を指標として、MonoTrap DCC18 (GLサイエンス社)を用いて衣料用柔軟仕上げ剤から抽出した揮発性成分についてTRPA1の活性化能を評価した。また、GC/MS分析により揮発性成分を推定した。【結果】市販の高残香性衣料用柔軟仕上げ剤を対象として、それぞれの製品2 gから抽出した揮発性成分メタノール抽出液についてTRPA1に対する活性化能を評価した。その結果20製品中18製品が濃度依存的に溶媒対照群の2倍以上の活性化を引き起こすことが判明した。さらに、メタノール抽出液のGC/MS分析結果より、LimoneneやLinallolの他に、Dihydromyrcenol、Benzyl acetate、n-Hexyl acetate、Rose oxide、Methyl ionone等の存在が推定され、これらの中で、Linalool 及びRose oxideがTRPA1を活性化することが明らかになった。これらの結果より、柔軟仕上げ剤中の香料成分がTRPイオンチャネルの活性化を介して気道過敏性の亢進を引き起こす可能性が考えられる。
著者
小川 剛生
出版者
慶應義塾大学
雑誌
三田國文 (ISSN:02879204)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.25, pp.1-16, 1997-03-31

はじめに一 摂関家の存在証明 : 日本紀神話と大嘗会神膳供進作法二 二条師忠と即位灌頂三 二条家の印明説と寺家即位法四 二条良基と即位灌頂(1)五 二条良基と即位灌頂(2)六 結語
著者
中村 茂子
出版者
実践女子大学
雑誌
実践女子大学美學美術史學 (ISSN:09122044)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.25-37, 2009-03-05
著者
松尾 俊郎
出版者
日本地理教育学会
雑誌
新地理 (ISSN:05598362)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.1-10, 1952-09-01 (Released:2010-02-26)

The difficulties of place name interpretation have long been recongnized by leading Japanese geographers. Underlying this problem is the fact that place names may be rooted in natural as well as cultural or man-made phenomena, thus introducing elements of great complexity and diversity. Furthermore, it frequently occurs that place names which may have been fresh in the beginning, later become fossil names often unfamiliar to modern ears. Most certainly, another complicating factor is the infiltration of Ainu, Korean and other foreign terms into the language. On the other hand, it appears that certain names may have their origins in surely local dialects frequently unintelligible to outsiders. Finally, the existence of ateji deserves to be emphasized as one of the major complicating factors in Japanese place name interpretation. With different Chinese characters pronounced alike and applied to the same place names, it becomes quite difficult to reinterpret such names. When binding the significance of place names to the character meanings, far-fetched interpretations often result.In studying the complicated place names of Japan, a grouping based upon certain significant criteria may be employed. Of primary interest in this paper are those place names associated with topography, more particularly, those which concern “escarpment.”Not only has the escarpment remarkable topographic characteristics but it is often associated with cultural aspects of significance to human life, for example, its functions as a barrier to communication as well as a limitation upon land utilization. Thus by its very nature, the escarpment often attracts the attention of people and is utilized as a point of origin in the development of place names. Below are ten items concerned with place names related to the topography of escarpments. Various ateji are used for these names.1. “Kura” and “Kake”Kura has two meanings. By kura is meant a mountain on one hand and a valley on the other. It often occurs that the mountain or valley having the name of kura is not a common type of either, but has conspicuous escarpments, crumbled valleys or expanses of exposed bare rock. Kake is also applied to the escarment. Many of the mountains termed kurakake have escarpments in them.2. “Mama”Mama is another of the names derived from the escarpment. It is distributed throughout Eastern Japan, southern Kwanto being its center, and is a good example of the necessity to be concerned with the pronounciation rather than the meaning of Chinese characters associated with it.3. “Kue” and “tsue”These are found in large numbers particularly in Chugoku, Shikoku and Kyushu. Both terms mean “crumbling”.4. “Hake” (Hakke, Bake, Bakke) and “Hoki” (Hokki)Hake and others of its group ……hakke, bake and bakke……are distributed over Eastern Japan particularly in the surroundings of Tokyo. Hoki (hokki) is a fossil word meaning “escarpment” and is found mainly in Western Japan especially in Shikoku and Kyushu.5. “Haba”It is found in the Nobi Plain and in areas to the east of it.6. “Nagi”, “Kama” and “Nuke”These are often applied to such narrow valleys as radiating valleys on the slopes of a volcano or escarpments of horseshoe type. In addition kama is widely applied to common escarpment or cave topography.7. “Gare”, “Zare” and “Zore”Often these are also applied to steep slopes or escarpments having many crumbled rocks and walls. They are distributed all over Japan.8. “Maku-iwa”

10 4 0 0 OA 戦時下の能楽

著者
佐藤 和道
出版者
日本演劇学会
雑誌
演劇学論集 日本演劇学会紀要 (ISSN:13482815)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, pp.1-17, 2017-11-30 (Released:2017-11-30)

During World War II, it is known that a lot of Nogaku works were newly written in order to encourage the wartime spirit. Among them, Churei (1941) and Miikusabune (1943) have distinctive features in terms of their large-scale performances and social impact. Churei had more than 100 performances after its premiere, touring nationwide from northern Hokkaido to southern Kyushu. Significantly, in 1942 it was presented at Korakuen baseball stadium in front of over 30000 people. In addition, Churei and Miikusabune were widely spread by record, radio, and news documentaries. This seems to be an exceptional case in Nogaku which has historically had a closed form of performance.Why could Churei and Miikusabune become propaganda for the War? Originally Nogaku was supported by a small number of wealthy patrons, so there was no need to assume an unspecified number of spectators. But at the end of the Meiji era, the middle classes such as business people and intellectuals enjoyed as a hobby practicing utai (the chant of Nogaku). Moreover, in the Taisho era there was a “popularization controversy” concernig whether Nogaku should be liberated from specific classes. Furthermore, after the reconstruction from the Grand Kanto Earthquake (1923), the approach of theatre commercialism came to be recognized as necessary for survival.This paper discusses the “commercialization of Nogaku” that already had been in progress during the Wartime through the investigation of those two works.
著者
野中 亮
出版者
京都大学
雑誌
京都社会学年報 : KJS
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.41-59, 1998-12-25

The purpose of this paper is to reflect upon what the statements refered to the Aum Shinrikyo Affair manifested. On 20 March 1995,'the Aum Shinrikyo Affair' was happened. In Japan, it was the first case of terror with poison gas, and the first case of terror by cult which caused a calamity that assailed many people. The number of dameged sufferers in this terror is over 5,000,and eleven persons were killed. Japanese mass medias naturally reported this calamity everyday, but these reports become too excessive gradually. Syoko Egawa-she was famous for her reportage of the Aum Shinrikyo Affair-was the most famous' Aum Watcher'. 'Aum Watcher' means the watch for Aum Shinrikyo, she was regerded the leader of Aum Watchers. In this paper, Syoko Egawa's reportages of the Aum Shinrikyo Affair are used as materials for consideration of the Japanese religious-cultural characteristics. The final purpous of this paper is the reflection on the Japanese religious-cultural characteristics with her texts. We contrust The books by Syoko Egawa with the books by Hiromi Shimada-he was a university professor, but he was made to give up his job for his statement refered to the Aum Shinrikyo Affair. He estimated Aum Shinrikyo's religious life and practices very highly. His statement was opposed to the statement by Egawa Syoko who criticized the Aum Shinrikyo's conduct of their organization. But it was not discussion that settled this controversy, the event itself-murder by the Aum Shinrikyo. This incomplete controversy still requires thorough discussion of us. Through this work we show that to consider the problems related to the Aum Shinrikyo Affair is, at the same time, to consider the problems related to the Japanese religious-cultural characteristics.

3 3 0 0 OA 地底探検記

著者
江見水蔭 著
出版者
博文館
巻号頁・発行日
1907