- 日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
- vol.81, no.726, pp.1705-1713, 2016 (Released:2016-08-30)
This study is aimed to clarify what kind of thought does Naoki have as the engineer of urban planning in Osaka city. Naoki had been worked for seven years for Osaka city, and it seems that he had given the significant impact on making the framework of the “Great Osaka” On the influence of the First World War, Osaka city faced rapid increase of urban population and needed to plan the development of urban functions. In April of 1917, urban improvement plan committee had been installed in Osaka city for the survey and design to create the improvement plan of Osaka city. In 1918, city development division had been installed in Osaka city and Naoki became the director. After Osaka city had changed the division from the city development division to the urban planning division, Naoki had become the director of that division. As the engineering leader in Osaka city, he promoted the urban planning projects such as city development project, urban planning project and the land readjustment project. Naoki had always minded the dangers of falling into idealism through the projects. He prefer realistic plan to ideal plan as the engineer. He had been believed that it was important to make the plan on the view of the geographical conditions and social conditions of the land. And he had also believed that the awareness of citizens was crucial for the implement of the plan. During planning the boundary line of Great Osaka in the suburbs, he thought that it is important to make not the “surgical” based urban planning but the “preventive” based urban planning as “creative urban planning”. His western visit for survey from 1920.1 to 1921.4 had realized him that western cities had been made it a priority to the development of suburbs than the improvement of old cities. On the contrary, Japanese cities had been promoted preferentially by the latter method than the former method. He had been believed that the land readjustment project was the best method for the implementation of Great Osaka which was the expansion planning of Osaka city. He had been contributed to make the plan of Great Osaka with his faith as the engineer. From this study, it became cleared that his faith and how he had been contributed to make the plan of Great Osaka. In addition, it also became cleared that he grasp the “Garden City” thought positively from his experience of visit the garden city in UK, however he had estimated that it had not been realistic method for Osaka city without any change.