- The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
- Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin (ISSN:09186158)
- vol.44, no.10, pp.1427-1432, 2021-10-01 (Released:2021-10-01)
Non-steroidal anti-inﬂammatory medications are associated with renal impairment. However, there is little information on whether these medications affect postoperative renal function compared with acetaminophen. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of acetaminophen and loxoprofen, used as postoperative analgesic, effect on postoperative analgesia using propensity score matching analysis. We retrospectively enrolled 328 patients treated with loxoprofen or acetaminophen after open radical prostatectomy between October 2017 and February 2020. We analyzed postoperative pain intensity, the incidence rate of acute kidney injury, drug-induced liver injury, and rate of elevation in serum creatinine after open radical prostatectomy. Eighty-one matched pairs of patients treated with loxoprofen or acetaminophen were selected using propensity score matching analysis. The postoperative numerical rating scale was significantly higher in the acetaminophen group than in the loxoprofen group on postoperative day 5. The use of patient-controlled anesthesia and rescue analgesics was significantly higher in the acetaminophen group than in the loxoprofen group. The loxoprofen group had a significantly higher postoperative increase in serum creatinine than the acetaminophen group on postoperative days 5 and 8. The incidence of acute kidney injury was 4.9% in the loxoprofen group and 0% in the acetaminophen group, while the incidence of drug-induced liver injury was 0% in both groups. Acetaminophen appears to be safer than loxoprofen in terms of effects on renal function. Nevertheless, the number of acetaminophen doses and the dose per dose may need to be increased for patients with significant postoperative pain.