著者
林 伯原
出版者
日本武道学会
雑誌
武道学研究 (ISSN:02879700)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.2, pp.59-75, 2014-01-31 (Released:2015-01-31)

Prior to the times of Jiajing (A.D.1521-1566), Japanese swords were often imported into China as tributes, trading goods and complimentary gifts, but there was no record that Chinese troops or civilians had learned and widely used Japanese swordplay, except for the imperial guards. Since the year of Jiajing 31 (A.D.1552), the massive Japanese invasion of the southeast coast of China made Chinese people notice the advantage of Japanese swordplay. Meanwhile Chinese army and civilians who loved Chinese wushu needed better sword skills,therefore Japanese swordplay became rapidly known and absorbed by them and spread among the folk people. At that time some members of the Chinese army were equipped with Japanese long swords; the warriors used cane shields, and the archers and the cavalry were equipped with Japanese waist broadswords. Training involved the repetition of solo patterns or routines first, followed by matches with other people. Some civilians who learned Japanese swordplay exercised mainly the routines, others mainly practiced a single pose or stance. The kind of Japanese swordplay that spread among civilians could be divided into two types: in one, people were trained by original Japanese swordplay; in the other one, people practiced Japanese swordplay with Chinese swordsmanship together, integrating Chinese swordplay and Japanese swordplay into a new kind of swordplay. In both cases, the practice of Japanese swordplay introduced into China was characterized by the use of patterns or routines.But the routines used by the Chinese army and the folk people were greatly different. In the army, the routine was laid out from the perspective of group training, so it was brief and simple; while the folk routine was laid out from an individual point of view, so it was long and complicated.

言及状況

外部データベース (DOI)

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[edged weapon][歴史] 中国明代の日本刀輸入の歴史と剣術。

Twitter (45 users, 51 posts, 49 favorites)

この加来耕三氏の記事はかなり問題がありミスリーディング。武術史の基本を押さえていないと思います。まず何よりも日本刀と日本剣術が戦国時代に中国と朝鮮に多大な影響を与えたことを無視している https://t.co/4AuZHGFVwf https://t.co/8bR5BwRl4V
【資料】J-STAGEに、林伯原氏の論文「明代中国における日本刀術の受容とその変容」(武道学研究46(2) 2014)がpdfで公開されています。日本史とはちょっと離れますが面白い https://t.co/tAZySt6gfk
「明代中国における日本刀術の受容とその変容」とか面白そうだなあ。 https://t.co/vYfRAvxi40

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/budo/46/2/46_59/_article/-char/ja/ (46)