- 武道学研究 (ISSN:02879700)
- vol.26, no.1, pp.42-52, 1993-08-31 (Released:2012-11-27)
The Goho no Tachi no Michi is a manuscript scroll believed to have been written by Musashi Miyamoto in his own handwriting. Compared with the other handwriting of his manuscript, it also seems to be unmistakably his own handwriting. The scroll was given to Nobuyuki Terao who attended on Musashi at his deathbed and handed down to his posterity. It is written in classical Chinese quoting many classical words from Chinese classics. The document has been transcribed and published three times as the Heiho Joron (the Preface of the Strategy), but each transcript includes more than ten errors and does not render Chinese writing into Japanese. Although it was translated into Japanese once, it included too many mistakes to understand its contents correctly.After collecting the facts about the Niten-ichi-ryu school in Kumamoto, I found that a transcript, which includes marks for understanding Chinese, was given by Nobuyuki Terao to his disciple in 1666, and that two different kinds of commentaries on the manuscript written in 1700's exists today. By the help of the commentary books, it becomes possible to read and understand the manuscript accurately.In the following, the document will be devided into five paragraphs and each sentence will be translated and explicated.It seems that Goho no Tachi no Michi was written between 1642 and 1643 as the preface for the Ur-Book of Gorin. The manuscript is important because the handwriting is Musashi's and moreover it is an indispensable document for the study of the Book of Gorin.