- JAPANESE ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION
- 季刊 理論経済学 (ISSN:0557109X)
- vol.13, no.1, pp.59-62, 1962-09-30 (Released:2008-02-28)
THE PURPOSE of this note is to show the equivalence of two fundamental theorems-Walras' Existence Theorem on the one hand and Brouwer's FixedPoint Theorem on the other.Walras' theorem1) is concerned with the existence of an equilibrium in the Walrasian system of general equilibrium and has been a problem of some importance in formal economic analysis since his work  appeared in 1874-7. It was, however, not until Wald's contributions,  and , that the existence problem was rigorously treated. Recent contributions, in particular those of Arrow and Debreu , McKenzie , NikaidÔ , and Gale , have shown that Walras' theorem is essentially a necessary consequence of Brouwer's FixedPoint Theorem. The latter theorem, 2)first proved by Brouwer  in 1911, also bears a fundamental importance in mathematics. It may be hence of some interest to see that Brouwer's theorem is in fact implied by Walras' theorem. It would indicate the reason that the general treatment of the existence pro blem in the Walrasian system had to wait for the development of the twentieth century mathematics.