- 一般社団法人 日本地質学会
- 地質学雑誌 (ISSN:00167630)
- vol.113, no.11, pp.585-590, 2007-11-15 (Released:2008-11-08)
Folds in accretionary complexes, especially those in the Mino-Tanba Belt, are often called not “syncline” or “anticline” but “synform” or “antiform” evenly. However, this usage is not correct, since it cannot distinguish an inverted fold from a normal one. They are structurally quite different and distinguished from each other as a syformal anticline and a syncline or as an antiformal syncline and an anticline in normal sedimentary strata. “Synform” and “antiform” are terms for the folds that are out of this distinction; they should be used when the stratigraphic relationship or the facing is unknown. This terminology should be followed also in accretionary complexes, and “syncline” and “anticline” should be defined not with a chronological relationship between the strata in the core and the limbs, as in many glossaries and encyclopedias, but with a facing direction of the both limbs, namely, as a fold whose limbs are facing syn-axisward or anti-axisward, respectively.