- 医学哲学 医学倫理 (ISSN:02896427)
- vol.31, pp.33-41, 2013 (Released:2018-02-01)
Regulation for use of tissue of aborted human fetuses for research is enforced in countries and international organizations such as World Medical Association and the Council of Europe. For these parties, the use of fetal tissue is permissible when conditions prescribed by the guidelines are met. Common requirements for permissible use are ① approval by the Ethics Committee; ② determination of provision of fetal tissue after the decision of abortion; and ③ consent of the provider. Some guidelines require that the man is not rejecting, but there is also one guideline that accepts only the consent of the woman. In any guidance, the consent by woman is essential. From the perspective of systems of providing information, this paper presents a literature survey of the use of fetal tissue. It was found that ① daily, open exchange of views about provision of fetal tissue is not possible for women; ② women hope and want to know the intended use of the fetal tissue and the overall description of the research; ③ although information needed to grasp the overall idea of the research is sorely lacking, women may make decisions under pressure. On the basis of the results, people who are requested to provide information later are required to provide information that is satisfactory for decision making, instead of unsatisfactory information such as those labeled as“ being offered to know/not being offered to know”. For this reason, the current“ sufficient” explanation should be re-examined as to whether it is truly a satisfactory explanation.