著者
Tomohisa Takagi Yuji Naito Ryo Inoue Saori Kashiwagi Kazuhiko Uchiyama Katsura Mizushima Saeko Tsuchiya Tetsuya Okayama Osamu Dohi Naohisa Yoshida Kazuhiro Kamada Takeshi Ishikawa Osamu Handa Hideyuki Konishi Kayo Okuda Yoshimasa Tsujimoto Hiromu Ohnogi Yoshito Itoh
出版者
SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH JAPAN
雑誌
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition (ISSN:09120009)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.1, pp.100-105, 2018 (Released:2018-01-01)
参考文献数
23

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used to treat gastro-esophageal reflux and prevent gastric ulcers, and have been considered as low risk. However, recent studies have identified possible associations between PPI use and gut microbiota, suggesting that PPIs use increases the risk of enteric infections, including Clostridium difficile infection. To investigate gut microbiota in Japanese PPIs users, we conducted 16S metagenomics analysis of fecal samples collected from PPI users and healthy adults. In total, 36 PPI users and 36 PPI non-users (as control subjects) matched by age and sex were recruited and fecal samples were obtained to analyze the gut microbiome using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. There were significant differences in the microbial structure between PPI non-users and PPI users. In contrast, the analysis of α-diversity revealed no significant differences between PPI non-users and PPI users. When comparing in genus level between these two groups, the genera Streptococcus was significantly abundant and the genera Faecalibacterium was significantly decreased in PPI users. Our findings indicate a probable association between PPI use and the alternation of microbiota. These alterations might provide a mechanism by which PPIs predispose enteric infection such as Clostridium difficile infection.

言及状況

外部データベース (DOI)

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Proton pump inhibitors alter the gut microbiota #PPI #GI #gastritis #microbiota #gut #CDifficile #diet #ItsTheDiet https://t.co/ngUZE259XR
"The influence of long-term use of proton pump inhibitors on the gut microbiota: an age-sex-matched case-control st… https://t.co/G4SPqhzKL8
Long-term use of #protonpumpinhibitors shifts #gut #microbiota (high Streptococcus, low Faecalibacterium) in Japane… https://t.co/ijhENVZaxC
The influence of long-term use of proton pump inhibitors on the gut microbiot... - Takagi T et al. - https://t.co/Q5YykDJ7ry #microbiome

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