- 認知科学 (ISSN:13417924)
- vol.22, no.3, pp.456-462, 2015-09-01 (Released:2016-03-01)
Processing fluency influences judgment as metacognitive cue. Laham, Koval, & Al-ter (2012) demonstrated name-pronunciation effect whereby easy-to-pronounce (i.e.,easy-to-process) names were judged more positively. In their study, however, the “pro-nouncability” was not defined by objective criteria, which may cast doubt on the inter-nal validity of the effect. To overcome this limitation, the present study replicated thename-pronunciation effect by manipulating two objectively defined and well-establishedpronouncability factors: within-item phonological similarity and phonotactic frequencyof the name. Phonological similarity is manipulated by making the constituent moraeshare the same vowel or not. Phonotactic frequency is defined by a composite score ofmora, bi-mora and position-mora frequency. We asked participants to rate impressionof names, presenting nonwords as names of foreign person who would come to their of-fice. The result indicated independent effects of phonological similarity and phonotacticfrequency with phonologically similar and low phonotactic frequency names being ratednegatively. The present study confirmed the internal validity of the name-pronunciationeffect in the previous study.