著者
Tatsuya Takahashi Minouk Schoemaker Klaus Trott Steven Simon Keisei Fujimori Noriaki Nakashima Akira Fukao Hiroshi Saito
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.2, pp.99-107, 2003 (Released:2007-11-30)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
18 or 0

The US nuclear weapons testing program in the Pacific conducted between 1946 and 1958 resulted in radiation exposure in the Marshall Islands. The potentially widespread radiation exposure from radioiodines of fallout has raised concerns about the risk of thyroid cancer in the Marshallese population. The most serious exposures and its health hazards resulted from the hydrogen-thermonuclear bomb test, the Castle BRAVO, on March 1, 1954. Between 1993 and 1997, we screened 3, 709 Marshallese for thyroid disease who were born before the BRAVO test. It was 60% of the entire population at risk and who were still alive at the time of our examinations. We diagnosed 30 thyroid cancers and found 27 other study participants who had been operated for thyroid cancer before our screening in this group. Fifty-seven Marshallese born before 1954 (1.5%) had thyroid cancer or had been operated for thyroid cancer. Nearly all (92%) of these cancers were papillary carcinoma. We derived estimates of individual thyroid dose proxy from the BRAVO test in 1954 on the basis of published age-specific doses estimated on Utirik atoll and 137Cs deposition levels on the atolls where the participants came from. There was suggestive evidence that the prevalence of thyroid cancer increased with category of estimated dose to the thyroid. J Epidemiol2003;13:99-107.

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メモ: Takahashi T (2004) "The Relationship of Thyroid Cancer ... in the Marshall Islands" https://t.co/soXVUOQJ0H
マーシャル諸島は最高でGy単位の甲状腺被曝量があったみたいだが 日本の実情的には表の0-3.41cGy、3.42-7.47cGyあたりが参考だと思う。 https://t.co/Pqxw2ST7w6
マーシャル諸島の核兵器実験による放射線曝露と甲状腺癌との関係 (2003) 核実験以前に産まれた現地住民3709人に対し93年と97年に甲状腺スクリーニング. 54年以前に生まれた1.5%が甲状腺癌あるいは甲状腺癌にて手術 https://t.co/Pqxw2ST7w6
Takahashi T (2003) "The Relationship of Thyroid Cancer with Radiation Exposure .. in the Marshall Islands" https://t.co/B88nmO4yGb
マーシャル諸島での被ばく影響 甲状腺癌、短寿命核種の影響など: Robbins(1989年) http://t.co/gZCoCxCd (PDF),Takahashi(2003年) http://t.co/HuOJ8uy3

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