- 英学史研究 (ISSN:03869490)
- vol.1993, no.25, pp.75-86, 1992 (Released:2009-10-07)
Kori Nagamasa (郡 長正) is the name of a student who was sent in 1870by the Tonami Clan (斗南藩 : the name of the successive clan of the Aizu Clan会津藩) to the Toyotsu Clan (豊津藩 : the name of the successive clan of theKokura Clan 小倉藩) forthe New Leaming in Ikutokukan (育徳館) in the earlyperiod of the Meiji Restoration. It was a sort of a modern school established by the Toyotsu Clan in January, 1870. The school had its origin in Kangaku (漢学 : Chinese studies, including Kokugaku or Japanese studies there) in May, 1758. The school (Ikutokukan) was produced and led to the paths of Western studies with the dominant tide of Eigaku (English studies) in the process of the Reform of the Educational System proceeded by the Meiji Government.The young Samurai student whose name was Kori Nagamasa [the secondson of Kayano Gonbei (萱野権兵衛 : one of the principal retainers for the Feudal Lord of the Aizu Clan, and he performed seppuku as a sacrificed subject or a martyr to the responsibilities of the Aizu War in place or the Lord of the Clan)] was dispatched to the new clan school of Toyotsu near Kokura with six other students, walking down southwest from Aizu about 980 miles. The accident befell to him in which he unfortunately and unconsciously dropped a letter to his mother and a student picked it up to read furtively, spreading so much wrong rumour among many students that he determined to commitseppuku (切腹) assolemnly as his father had done according to Bushido (武士道), the way of Japanese knighthood, Maylst. in 1871.The author of this thesis expresses the innermost sympathy for the young Samurai student who was not destined to see a longlived way of the survival in the faith of Christianity or in the Resurrection that might be found in the essentials of English studies. It might have been possible for him to study English with its culture and live the new spirit of life if he had been destined tobe enrolled in Ohashi School of Western Studies (大橋洋学校) in Ikutokukan, where Van Kasteel, an eminent teacher invited from Holland, taught a lot of pupils and students English, French, German, and Dutch languages about two years (October in 1871 ~Novenber in 1873). Therefore, the author touches on the grave questions of the Collision of Old and New Ideas as well as the introduction of the New Civilization including the growth of English Studies and the Modernization in terms of a criticism of English language and culture (Eigakuron : 英学論).