著者
横瀬 久芳 佐藤 創 藤本 悠太 Maria Hannah T. MIRABUENO 小林 哲夫 秋元 和實 吉村 浩 森井 康宏 山脇 信博 石井 輝秋 本座 栄一
出版者
公益社団法人 東京地学協会
雑誌
地学雑誌 (ISSN:0022135X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.119, no.1, pp.46-68, 2010-02-15 (Released:2010-05-21)
参考文献数
80
被引用文献数
7 8 1

To understand the submarine volcanism surrounding the Tokara Islands, a submarine topographic analysis and 67 dredge samplings were carried out. Prior to the submarine investigations, we reviewed comprehensively geological and geophysical data on this region and confirmed the complexity of both volcanic activity and tectonic setting of the Tokara Islands. In contrast to the homogeneous subaerial volcanic rocks comprising predominantly two-pyroxene andesite lava flows, the dredged samples vary from basaltic andesite to rhyolite in composition. Furthermore, we reveal that dacitic and rhyolitic pumices are abundant and broadly distributed throughout the submarine area. The recovered volcanic rocks were mainly subangular to angular cobble-boulder fragments of lava, scoria, and variably vesiculated pumice. Volcanic rocks with hornblende phenocrysts occur only north of the Tokara strike-slip fault, which is a major tectonic element of volcanism. The pumices can be classified into three categories based on the size and abundance of the phenocrysts: aphyric pumice, fine-grained porphyritic pumice, and coarse-grained porphyritic pumice. Occurrences, such as amount in a dredge, shape without extensive abrasion, large fragment size, and bulk rock chemical compositions of the major pumice fragments suggest that they are in situ, rather than originating as drifted pumice or air fall, exotic pyroclastic fragments derived from the four super-eruptions of Kyushu Island. Because dredged samples contained fresh volcanic glass in the groundmass, and are not covered by iron-manganese oxide crust, they appear to have originated from the Quaternary eruptions. Indeed volcanic islands have developed above the submarine erosional terraces (indicated as knick points at approximately 110 m in depth), which is assumed to have formed during the last glacial age. K-Ar age dating on the representative pumice samples resulted in ages of 0.60 ± 0.20 Ma and < 0.2 Ma, respectively. These newly obtained submarine data support that acidic volcanisms occurred around the submarine calderas during the Mid-Pleistocene age.

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トカラ列島のあたり、なかなか複雑なテクトニクスなんだな https://t.co/evUiVDDJ2u
トカラ列島のここ2〜3日の百数十回に及ぶ地震、結構周期的に起きるみたいですね。 論文を見る限り横ずれ断層が主であることが書かれていてとても興味深い。 海底火山との関連性が不明ってことだけど、鬼界カルデラとかだったら縄文人達がまた絶滅しそう(呑気) https://t.co/iM3cfwLPAQ https://t.co/CXNxXtCPRW
"トカラ列島の火山活動を支配するテクトニック場は、単純な沈み込み帯というよりは、むしろ衝突帯に近い特殊な環境である。" https://t.co/KqYYkrFuYj
群発地震は、いわゆる「宝島カルデラ」(横瀬ほか2010)かなあ。 https://t.co/KZwtxKu9RY https://t.co/yfItiCcQSG

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