著者
Mikhail BALONOV
出版者
Japan Health Physics Society
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.54, no.3, pp.161-171, 2019-10-29 (Released:2019-11-21)
参考文献数
32

In the history of the world nuclear industry there were four major accidents of operating nuclear reactors, i.e., at plutonium production facility in Windscale, UK, 1957; at NPP Three Mile Island, USA, 1979; at Chernobyl NPP, USSR, 1986; and at Fukushima-1 NPP, Japan, in 2011. The Chernobyl accident was the most severe, causing a huge release and deposition of radionuclides over large areas of Europe. Only after this accident there were real health effects caused by radiation, including carcinogenic effect among the population of the adjacent areas of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. In this paper, same-type basic radiological characteristics are presented for four reactor accidents with more detail presented for the Chernobyl accident. The latter include mean radiation doses incurred by various groups of inhabitants of the three more affected countries, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. Those who were children at the time and drank milk with high levels of radioactive iodine received high thyroid doses. Since early 1990s there was dramatic increase in thyroid cancer incidence among those exposed to radioiodine at a young age. Apart from this kind of health effects there was no clearly demonstrated increase in the somatic diseases due to radiation. The paper discusses the reasons why the Chernobyl accident had severe radiological consequences.

言及状況

外部データベース (DOI)

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解説論文(無料): 原発事故の健康影響、とりわけチェルノブイリについて https://t.co/xlAkT1k6BG  2019年、Balonov(ロシア)。ウィンズケール、スリーマイル、チェルノブイリ、福島第一について。

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