著者
古川 安
出版者
日本科学史学会
雑誌
科学史研究 (ISSN:21887535)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.49, no.253, pp.11-21, 2010 (Released:2021-08-02)

Umeko Tsuda (1864-1929), a pioneering educator for Japanese women and the founder of Tsuda College, was a scientist. As an English teacher at the Peeresses School in Tokyo, the young Tsuda was granted a leave of absence by the government to study "teaching method" at Bryn Mawr College, a women's college near Philadelphia. During her stay in Bryn Mawr (1889-1892), however, she majored not in pedagogy but in biology, despite the fact that the Peeresses School officially banned science education for noble women. Following the vision of the feminist Dean Carrey Thomas, Bryn Mawr College offered full-fledged professional education in science comparable to that of Johns Hopkins University. Bryn Mawr's Biology Department was growing; there, Tsuda took courses from such notable biologists as Edmund B. Wilson, Jacques Loeb, and the future Nobel Laureate Thomas H. Morgan. In her third year, under Morgan, she carried out experimental research on the development of the frog's egg, which was published in a British scientific journal as their joint paper two years later. Tsuda was considered one of the best students in the department, and Bryn Mawr offered her opportunities for further study. However, after much consideration, she chose to return to Japan. Although Tsuda gave up a possibly great career as a biologist in American academe, she knew that it was almost impossible for a woman to pursue a scientific career in Meiji Japan and wanted to develop her dream of establishing an English school for women. Her experience of "forbidden" scientific study at Bryn Mawr seems to have given her great confidence in realizing her feminist ideal of enlightening Japanese women at the women's school she founded in 1900, the forerunner of Tsuda College.

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今日テレビで放送されていた津田梅子についてですが,雑誌『科学史研究』所収の論文は無料で https://t.co/DUA7NhKwXB で読めますし,また同著者による伝記的研究が https://t.co/7dLA3MWX5l で出ておりますので,みなさまどうぞ.
古川安 2022『津田梅子ー科学への道、大学の夢』東京大学出版会 https://t.co/nia8MlnZrX https://t.co/UUJlVurxgn 古川安 2010「津田梅子と生物学ー科学史とジェンダーの視点から」『科学史研究』 https://t.co/4IoqU3Kuzl pdf 「帰国後なぜ生物学者への道を歩まなかったのか、歩めなかったのか。」 https://t.co/pkx9Q9K9j3

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