- 耳鼻咽喉科臨床 (ISSN:00326313)
- vol.90, no.12, pp.1409-1414, 1997-12-01 (Released:2011-11-04)
Chronic paranasal sinusitis encompasses a variety of pathologies, and eosinophil infiltration of nasal polyps is characteristic of chronic sinusitis in which allergy is a strong etiologic factor (allergic paranasal sinusitis). Suplatast tosilate is an anti-allergy agent that suppresses production of IgE antibody and inhibits tissue infiltration by eosinophils. In the present study we assessed the efficacy of suplatast tosilate immunohistochemically in surgical specimens of nasal polyps before and after drug therapy to evaluate its efficacy in allergic sinusitis.The subjects were 8 patients with allergic sinusitis associated with nasal polyps. These patients were treated with suplatast tosilate for about three months. Nasal polyps were collected before and after treatment, and 5-μm frozen serial sections were prepared and stained with HE and by immunochemical methods. The number of eosinophils and eosinophil activation were assessed by using EG2 antibody, which recognizes secretory type eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP) alone, as the primary antibody, to investigate eosinophil activation.Infiltration by numerous eosinophils, predominantly in the superficial layer of the lamina propria, was observed in the nasal polyps of allergic rhinitis patients. Significant decreases in the number of eosinophils and the number of EG2-positive cells were observed in the nasal polyps after treatment with suplatast tosilate, and a significant decrease was also observed in the ratio of the number of EG2-positive cells to the number of eosinophils. Thus, suplatast tosilate was shown to have eosinophil tissue infiltration suppressing activity in human nasal polyps, and to also possess inhibitory activity against eosinophil degranulation. Based on these findings, suplatast tosilate suppresses allergic inflammation, which is predominantly manifested by eosinophil infiltration, and was found to be effective in the treatment of allergic paranasal sinusitis.