- 家族社会学研究 (ISSN:0916328X)
- vol.4, no.4, pp.11-18,123, 1992-07-25 (Released:2009-08-04)
In this paper, I would like to show indirectly my expectation of family sociology by reviewing the history of family studies in the field of sociology of law. From the pre-war period, sociology of law in Japan has been stressing the importance of family (“ie” before the war) in the legal system. Post-war reform of the civil code and reorganization of the family register system gave ground for creation of “a Japanese style modern family” which is characterized as a nuclear family based on fixed sex-role differentation and as a basic unit of the industrial socienty. After the oil crisis of the 1970s, however, this Japanese-style modern family which could successfully produce efficient workers with family support seems to have been threatened as the result of such drastic changes as increases in the labor-force participation of women, growing equality between sexes, “individualization”, and destruction of family farming. This trend is quite common all over the world.For the purpose of finding a new paradigm suitable for this global change, we should accurately grasp the tangible aspects of social change while paying much attention to the structural relations of social phenomena.In order to attain this goal, we should at first clarify the discipline of each field and then promote cooperation between sociology of law and family sociology.