- スポーツ史研究 (ISSN:09151273)
- vol.30, pp.31-40, 2017 (Released:2018-06-20)
The purpose of this study is to clarify the process of labor negotiation by Japan Professional
Baseball Players Association (JPBPA) in order to capture the change of the status of the players,
who are the important persons concerned in the professional baseball world. This article focuses the
period from 1993, when a free agent (FA) system was introduced to 2004, when the JPBPA went on
strike for the first time in baseball history in Japan.
After introduction of a FA system, the JPBPA continued to succeed in a certain level of improvement
of the working conditions.
And, since 1999, the JPBPA addressed the structural improvement of the baseball world as new
However, the Nippon Professional Baseball Organization (NPB) often made the player’s working
conditions worse without the JPBPA’s recognitions. The worst of them was the baseball alignment
in 2004. The JPBPA engaged in collective bargaining and strike with their legal rights as a labor
union. As a result, they stopped reduction of the number of the clubs, stopped making their working
conditions worse, and obtained the chances of discuss about structural improvements of Japanese
professional baseball with the NPB.
We should pay attention to having gained such achievements by the JPBPA under the condition
which the NPB seems to lead the process of the negotiation.