- 一般社団法人 日本オリエント学会
- オリエント (ISSN:00305219)
- vol.26, no.2, pp.13-30, 1983 (Released:2010-03-12)
New Persian sada was derived from Middle Pers. *sadag/*satak, which was derived from Old Pers. *sataka-. OPers. *sataka- meant ‘the hundredth’ that is, ‘the hundredth day.’In Shahnameh several references to sada together with the No Ruz festival are found. Originally the sada festival was held on the hundredth day from the winter solstice, say, about Farvardin 10th; it lasted to Farvandin 13th (April 2nd).The Easter fires are also held about almost the same time and a new fire is lit on the Easter eve.The ancient Chinese held the Han-shih-tsieh _??__??__??_ ‘festival of eating cold food’ on the 100th, 103rd or 105th day from the winter solstice. It was held from April 2nd to April 5th. During the three days all fires were put out and a new fire was lit on the last day. The day was the last day of an ancient spring New Year.Sada was the last festival of the No Ruz festival and the new fire was lit on that day.