- 一般社団法人 日本オリエント学会
- オリエント (ISSN:00305219)
- vol.50, no.1, pp.173-189, 2007-09-30 (Released:2010-03-12)
Khentkawes is considered to have been a daughter of Menkaure and also a queen of Shepseskaf, the last king of the Fourth Dynasty. However she is still an enigma. Khentkawes was played an important role as a connection between the Fourth Dynasty and Fifth Dynasty. After she died, a mastaba tomb (LG100) was built in the area between the valley temples of Khafre and Menkaure. In this article I will try to reveal and retrace Khentkawes's life. As a result, it will also hopefully clarify the social and political conditions in the transitional period.Firstly, it is necessary to consider LG100's structure and it's meaning because this tomb is very similar to King Shepseskaf's. His tomb is not a typical pyramid of the Fourth dynasty, but a mastaba. Moreover, his tomb was not built in Giza but Saqqara. Secondly, I suggest that there is a possibility that the Khentkawes who has a mastaba in Giza and the Khentkawes who has a pyramid in Abusir are actually the same person in terms of chronology, iconography and the shared title of “nswt bity mwt nswt bity” (“mwt nswt bity nswt bity”). If they are the same person, then she has two huge structures in the fashion of an Egyptian king. It is reminiscent of the Multi-Grave System that has two kinds of tomb-one for burying the body and one for receiving the worship of pilgrims. From the aspect of the Multi-Grave System, I also suggest the possibility that Khentkawes actually ascended to the Egyptian throne. If so, then Khentkawes was a pharaoh of Egypt or, at the very least, a person who was equal to a king and who had two huge monumental structures erected in her memory.