著者
沼崎 一郎
出版者
The Japanese Association of Sociology of Law
雑誌
法社会学 (ISSN:04376161)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2004, no.60, pp.101-116,235, 2004-03-30 (Released:2010-04-15)
参考文献数
8

This article argues that the concept of sexual harassment poses a radical challenge to the principles of objectivity and universality that underlie modern law by putting the emotional state of the alleged victim (his/her feeling of "not wanting" or "unwelcoming" the sexual advance of the alleged offender) as the sole criterion of whether the victim's right to sexual freedom is violated or not and thereby "subjectifies" the right claims. This article also argues that the concept of domestic violence poses exactly the same challenge to modern law by defining violence as a means used by one spouse for generating fear in the other in order to dominate her/him. Here again, subjective state of mind-fear-is postulated as the criterion of whether an act of violence is committed or not. By "subjectifying" the right claims, the two concepts of sexual harassment and domestic violence radically individualizes and particularizes the criteria of wrongness of conduct. Ostensibly same conduct may or may not be judged as harassment or violence by the alleged victim depending on his/her subjective assessment of the act. The two concepts challenge the basic presupposition underlying modern law, namely, universal application of objective and conduct-based standards in deciding on the criminality or tort damages. The two concepts call for a new radically victim-centered standard of misconduct that places the victim's sense of repulsion and fear as the sole criterion of harassment and violence. This article finally argues that in the context of a relationship of unequal power the stronger party is held liable for extra care not to offend or threaten the weaker party.

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「感情の権利化」についてはこちらの論文に解説されていますのでご参照ください。  沼崎一郎「客観的行為主義から主観的関係主義へ」 https://t.co/5SDyLpYlT0 https://t.co/jwAc2GGW86
@eseyuusya そのあたり、 https://t.co/f0RlD0Olwo この記事と、そこから飛べる https://t.co/KK0yHyWCw3 これにヒントが。 >形式的な平等性は否定され、被害者(であると主張する… https://t.co/4Vpahyl7n5
『被害者の「主観」を特権化することによって、力の不均衡が少しでも緩和され、均衡へと近づくのだから、それは被害者を優遇することにはならない。』 正気を疑うけど東北大学助教の論文・・・。 https://t.co/beBi9VaeAV
@11uk3w @siica_you →差別であるかないかの基準は、ヘイトスピーチの問題ではなくて指摘された通り"沼崎一郎『客観的行為主義か ら主観的関係主義へ』https://t.co/QBYFywTSZc" こちらの領分なのでは。
@siica_you @monoteone こういう論文もあります。ご参考までに。→ 沼崎一郎『客観的行為主義か ら主観的関係主義へ』https://t.co/A995i4wV5r

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