著者
橋本 祐子
出版者
The Japanese Association of Sociology of Law
雑誌
法社会学 (ISSN:04376161)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2006, no.65, pp.82-95,254, 2006-09-30 (Released:2012-06-20)
参考文献数
40

The purpose of this article is to examine the libertarian theory on punishment, which claims that punishment should be reduced to restitution.What is the problem with punishment? Libertarians claim that the most serious problem is that it is unjust to crime victims. Under the punishment system, crime victims cannot be paid restitution. Further, the cost of administrating prisons is paid from money collected through tax, which is borne by citizens, including crime victims. This means that a double burden is placed on crime victims.What is the conception of justice that law must achieve? From the libertarian viewpoint, the most important issue is corrective justice. Corrective justice requires that restitution be provided to crime victims. To that end, restitution, not punishment, should be the main negative sanction.According to those who hold the view that restitution is an alternative to punishment, criminal liability should be reduced to civil liability. Such a view attempts to overcome the traditional thought that civil law must be clearly distinguished from criminal law, which is the main reason why crime victims have been overlooked in the Japanese criminal justice system. Moreover, it can offer a foundation for crime victims to have the right to seek restitution. Therefore, this view is highly significant in contemporary Japan because it can provide a perspective to criticize the present situation, in which justice is not delivered to crime victims.

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@Zembu_Wakaran オンラインで読めるものとしては、たとえば、こういうもの(https://t.co/QwiDigaNUI)があります。
» 刑罰制度の廃止と損害賠償一元化論 https://t.co/Rf9tgDjsgv
@dnrkckmaJ27RLUk 普通はそうですね。下記の論稿とかが面白いかもなので関心があれば。 https://t.co/nTZuuPwW8x
@taka56fox 抑止するために(特に観念的には発生しうる)無実の人に対する人権侵害は倫理的に間違ってる気がします。 あと、刑罰廃止論の是非について参考になる、橋本祐子先生の論稿だけ紹介しときます。関心があれば。https://t.co/QnQoxNkDqo
死刑廃止の是非の話題があるが、さらに歩をすすめて、原理的には刑罰廃止論が望ましいかもしれないとは思う。 ただ現実にうまく行くとは思い難いし、やはりまだ支持は出来ない。 下に貼り付けたとこから見れる論文とか参考になるかも。https://t.co/Aw56W4UKuQ
@Noir_Stella 保安処分のようなものは別として、(すべて無くせるかどうかはわかりませんが)私は基本的には刑罰は廃止すべきだと考えています。凡そはこちらの論文に紹介されてある通りの考えに賛同します。 https://t.co/4qVmPWvCW2

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