- The Japan Sociological Society
- 社会学評論 (ISSN:00215414)
- vol.18, no.3, pp.22-38, 1967-12-01 (Released:2009-11-11)
The purpose of this paper is to present a theoretical reformulation of the structural functional analysis.One of the most tragic of this representative analysis in sociology lies in its imcompleteness in logical construction. From this imcompleteness come many confusion of thinking. So I do a trial for reformulation as follws : I. I give working definitions to the fundamental terms of this analysis after examing some of the usages.II. I discuss the fundamental theoretical issues of this analysis. This analysis contains many methodological problems that should be solved before it can claim the credit for a scientific method. These polemic issues are, in my opinion, as follows ;(1) Is it a tautology? (Tautological Trap) (2) How to operationalize this analysis? (Operational Trap) (3) How to find to a criterion to measure the extent and the level of a function? (Criterion Trap) (4) Is it a teleology? (Teleological Trap) (5) Can this analysis be used for the analysis of conflict in society? (Conflict Trap) (6) Can this analysis be used for the analysis of dynamical change of society? (Dynamical Trap) III. After examining these polemic issues, I give a theoretical model of my own to make this analysis a specified tool for social research. I postulate three working axioms and construct upon them main principles of this analysis, among which the duality plinciples and the mechanism of double adjustment play the major part.