- 感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
- vol.17, no.2, pp.134-142, 2009-11-25 (Released:2010-05-08)
While facial expressions of basic emotions are universal, such expressions are also influenced by display rules that control expressive behaviors across various situations. The present study examined the effects of context and gender on facial expressions of emotions. A total of 289 college students in Okinawa prefecture (143 men and 146 women) participated in this study and answered a questionnaire on the facial expressions of emotions in four conditions of social contexts. These situations were as follows: being alone, interacting with a close friend and feeling emotions toward the friend, interacting with a close friend and feeling emotions toward an event or someone other than the friend, and public situations. The results indicated that basic emotions could be classified into three categories based on patterns of expression across four situations: happiness and surprise, anger, fear, and disgust, and finally, sadness. It was also found that women generally expressed emotions more than men did, while women expressed less anger and disgust toward their close friends than men did. These results are further discussed from the viewpoint of the effects of emotional expression on interpersonal relationships and gender stereotypes regarding emotional expressions.