著者
Norihiko MUROGA Yoko HAYAMA Takehisa YAMAMOTO Akihiro KUROGI Tomoyuki TSUDA Toshiyuki TSUTSUI
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.4, pp.399-404, 2012 (Released:2012-04-29)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
57 67 23

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) occurred recently for the first time in a decade in Japan. The index case was detected on a beef-breeding farm in Miyazaki Prefecture, Southern Japan, on April 20, 2010. After confirmation of this first case, control measures such as stamping out, movement restriction and disinfection were implemented. However, these strategies proved insufficient to prevent the spread of FMD and emergency vaccination was adopted. Up until the last outbreak on July 4, 2010, a total of 292 outbreaks had been confirmed, with about 290,000 animals having been culled. The epidemic occurred in an area with a high density of cattle and pigs, making disease control difficult. Invasion of the disease into a high-density area aided its rapid spread and led to difficulties in locating suitable burial sites. Epidemiological investigations indicated that the disease was introduced into Japan approximately one month before detection. This delay in initial detection is considered to have allowed an increased number of outbreaks in the early stage of the epidemic. Nevertheless, the epidemic was contained within a localized area in Miyazaki Prefecture and was eradicated within three months because of intensive control efforts including emergency vaccination. Although this epidemic devastated the livestock industry in Japan, many lessons can be learnt for the future prevention and control of infectious diseases in animals.

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[The 2010 Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic in Japan]によると移動制限にするのが遅れた事が拡大の大きな要因とある。つまり摘発が遅れるのが要因とも言えるな。 https://t.co/GvUL83jMYo
[The 2010 Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic in Japan]によるとウィルス排泄している家畜を動かしたから制限区域外で発症したし、ウィルス排泄している家畜を殺処分できない状況に陥ったから拡… https://t.co/t1wBXPakvj
日本獣医学会誌(JVMS):The 2010 Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic in Japan http://t.co/ggF4DhZ0 "先頃、本邦で10年ぶりに口蹄疫が発生した。2010年4月20日、宮崎県の肉牛繁殖農家が初発である~"(拙訳)

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