著者
Takahiro USHIGUSA Yoshiyuki KOYAMA Tomoko ITO Kenichi WATANABE James K. CHAMBERS Aya HASEGAWA Kazuyuki UCHIDA Ryoji KANEGI Shingo HATOYA Toshio INABA Kikuya SUGIURA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-0466, (Released:2018-01-01)

By using a complex of DNA, polyethylenimine and chondroitin sulfate, the in vivo transfection of early secretory antigenic target-6 (ESAT-6) gene into tumor cells was found to cause significant suppression of the tumor growth. In order to apply the method in clinical cancer treatment in dogs and cats, mechanisms underlying the suppressive effects were investigated in a tumor-bearing mouse model. The transfection efficiency was only about 10%, but the transfection of ESAT-6 DNA nevertheless induced systemic immune responses against ESAT-6. By triple injection of ESAT-6 DNA at three day intervals, the tumor was significantly reduced and almost disappeared by 5 days after the start of treatment, and did not increase for more than 15 days after the final treatment. In the immunohistochemistry, a larger number of dendritic cells (DCs)/macrophages expressing ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 and CD3+ T cells was observed in tumors treated with ESAT-6 DNA, and their population further increased significantly by day 5. Moreover, the amount of tumor necrosis factor, which is an apoptosis-inducing factor produced mainly by DCs/macrophages, was greater in the ESAT-6 DNA treated tumors than in controls, and increased with repeat of the treatment. These results indicate that in vivo transfection of ESAT-6 DNA into tumor cells elicits significant inhibition of tumor growth, by inducing potent activity of innate immunity mediated by DCs/macrophages, which may be followed by adaptive immunity against tumor associated antigens, which was elicited by the costimulation with ESAT-6 antigen.

言及状況

外部データベース (DOI)

Twitter (2 users, 2 posts, 0 favorites)

Innate immunity mediated by dendritic cells/macrophages plays a central role in the early period in tumor treatment… https://t.co/yi2ClVluAN
innate immunity mediated by dendritic cells/macrophages plays a central role in the early period in #tumor treatme… https://t.co/PiEBwtdzj1

収集済み URL リスト