- 一般社団法人 日本機械学会
- 日本機械学会論文集 B編 (ISSN:03875016)
- vol.65, no.639, pp.3602-3607, 1999-11-25 (Released:2008-03-28)
As is well known when a shock wave is emitted from an open end of a tube, an expansion wave and a vortex ring are generated behind the shock wave. Furthermore, a contact surface, slip line and these wave interactions may cause considerably complicate flow-fields. In this study, shock waves of Mach number 1.3, 1.6 and 2.2 are produced utilizing diaphragm-less shock tube of 50 mm diameter and c. a. 10 m total length, and the flow-fields are visualized with an aid of schlieren optical techniques. A cylindrical reflector is installed at test section and stagnation pressure behind reflected shock wave is measured with wide frequency response. A numerical analysis is also carried out to investigate these flow-fields using Predictor-Corrector TVD finite difference scheme. As a result, (i) the contour of diffracted shock wave is well coincided between experimental and numerical results, (ii) pressure histories behind reflected shock wave are clarified, (iii) an empirical formula is obtained between Mach number, non-dimensional distance from the open end of the tube and non-dimensional pressure just behind reflected shock wave.