- Japanese Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
- Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences (ISSN:13473182)
Purpose: To elucidate differences between the perivascular space (PVS) in the basal ganglia (BG) versus that found in white matter (WM) using heavily T2-weighted FLAIR (hT2-FL) in terms of 1) signal intensity on non-contrast enhanced images, and 2) the degree of contrast enhancement by intravenous single dose administration of gadolinium based contrast agent (IV-SD-GBCA).Materials and Methods: Eight healthy men and 13 patients with suspected endolymphatic hydrops were included. No subjects had renal insufficiency. All subjects received IV-SD-GBCA. MR cisternography (MRC) and hT2-FL images were obtained prior to and 4 h after IV-SD-GBCA. The signal intensity of the PVS in the BG, subinsular WM, and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in Ambient cistern (CSFAC) and CSF in Sylvian fissure (CSFSyl) was measured as well as that of the thalamus. The signal intensity ratio (SIR) was calculated by dividing the intensity by that of the thalamus. We used 5% as a threshold to determine the significance of the statistical test.Results: In the pre-contrast scan, the SIR of the PVS in WM (Mean ± standard deviation, 1.83 ± 0.46) was significantly higher than that of the PVS in the BG (1.05 ± 0.154), CSFSyl (1.03 ± 0.15) and the CSFAC (0.97 ± 0.29). There was no significant difference between the SIR of the PVS in the BG compared to the CSFAC and CSFSyl. For the evaluation of the contrast enhancement effect, significant enhancement was observed in the PVS in the BG, the CSFAC and the CSFSyl compared to the pre-contrast scan. No significant contrast enhancement was observed in the PVS in WM.Conclusion: The signal intensity difference between the PVS in the BG versus WM on pre-contrast images suggests that the fluid composition might be different between these PVSs. The difference in the contrast enhancement between the PVSs in the BG versus WM suggests a difference in drainage function.