- マス・コミュニケーション研究 (ISSN:13411306)
- vol.94, pp.93-111, 2019-01-31 (Released:2019-06-06)
This paper examines the Truth Box, a radio program broadcast under theGeneral Headquarters of the Allied Forces( GHQ) in Occupied Japan. The CivilInformation and Education Section (CIE), a special staff section of GHQ,directed and produced the program, answering letters from listeners abouttheir questions on the Asia-Pacific War. The author’s main aim is to reveal howthe program conveyed the Emperor’s war responsibility, while establishing anew relationship between the Emperor and the Japanese public. Drawing on ananalytic framework called Critical Discourse Studies, which allows us to explorea media discourse within its sociohistorical contexts, the present study providessome previously-unpublished scripts of the program and analyzes them withreference to related historical primary sources. The author concludes that theTruth Box, which premiered after the Humanity Declaration and continued toair in parallel with the opening of the International Military Tribunal for theFar East, clearly reflects the political intention of GHQ and the CIE to exemptthe Emperor from any culpability by orienting the Japanese public to reflect ontheir own war guilt.