- マス・コミュニケーション研究 (ISSN:13411306)
- vol.95, pp.163-181, 2019-07-31 (Released:2019-10-25)
This paper describes the newspaper activities and press policies in wartimecolonial Taiwan by analyzing local newspapers and the archives of theTaiwanese Government-General and Army, materials that were rarely examinedin previous studies. Three major newspapers, Taiwan Nichi Nichi Shimpo, Taiwan Shimbunand Tainan Shimpo played a leading role in the Taiwan press system, andrestrictive media control was temporarily eased in the 1930s. However, withthe rise of Japanism, the use of Chinese was abolished in 1937 due to thechange of the Government-General’s policies. Henceforth, in wartime, the integrationof newspapers was promoted, creating a complex relationship betweenthe Japanese journalists from the mainland, local Japanese and Taiwanese journalistsand the Taiwanese Army. First, weekly newspapers were reorganized,but unlike on the mainland of Japan, Taiwan’s press community, which did nothave a restricted paper supply, was aiming to expand their newspapers intoSouth China and the South Seas. However, in 1944 the Government-General decided to cease all publishingof the six daily newspapers, and the Taiwan Shimpo was launched. However, in1945 the Taiwanese Army supplanted the Government-General and directedthe media policies. The Taiwanese Army denied the Government-General’s conventionalcolonial rule and tolerated democratic speeches, because it was necessaryto improve morale and obtain the cooperation of the Taiwanese peopleregarding the war. Thus, critiques of the Government-General and private citizenleaders were made, the identity of the Taiwanese people was somewhatrecognized and articles written from the perspective of commoners began to bepublished. After Japan’s defeat, Taiwan Shimpo was transferred to the Taiwanese,and the Taiwanese launched new media outlets one after another. Here, Taiwanesejournalists, who were critical throughout the war, proactively criticizedthe Republic of China and advocated for Taiwanese society in both Chinese andJapanese during the early postwar period.