著者
池田 喬
出版者
日本哲学会
雑誌
哲学 (ISSN:03873358)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2018, no.69, pp.9-20, 2018-04-01 (Released:2018-08-01)
参考文献数
12

Suppose a male philosophy teacher states in the classroom: philosophy is not suitable for women. This paper examines reasons this statement is a morally impermissible harassment speech. First, it examines some characteristics of this speech such as lack of vicious intention on the side of speaker, based on which one could claim that the speech is unproblematic. In opposition to this claim, this paper argues that speaker’s intention is not relevant to the moral nature of harassment speech. It further points out that speech act theory offers useful methods to analyze the moral wrong of harassment speech, particularly based on the reason that this theory is capable of directly addressing the right and wrong of the speech itself, without referring to speaker’s intentions nor consequences of the speech, neither of which are likely not to be observed in trustworthy methods in cases of harassment. Second, I analyze the above statement as subordinating speech that ranks female students as inferior to male students in terms of capabilities regarding philosophical research. The analysis particularly pays attention to the move of conversation within the specific context of the classroom, and clarifies the normative power involved in this move that forces hearers to accept the belief women are inferior to men regarding philosophical abilities. Third, the paper focuses on silence of male students as a reaction to the teacher’s statement, and argues that it licenses this statement and reinforces the authority of the speech. Moreover, it is pointed out that third person’s statements such as “you worry too much” cause secondary damage in which the moral personality of harasser is defended, while the personality of victims is blamed Overall, the paper shows that seemingly unproblematic statements could be impermissible harassment speech, because they subordinate a group to other groups and are also unacceptable due to harms they cause.

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外部データベース (DOI)

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あわせて読みたい https://t.co/QbG9kQKFFM
https://t.co/xizt7RVFWb 寝る前に読んだ論文、面白かった。ハラスメント発言を考える際、被害者の被害感情(帰結)に訴えるのは得策でないという考えの紹介。 池田喬「ただの言葉がなぜ傷つけるのか──ハラスメント発言の言語行為論的研究──」(日本哲学会『哲学』第69号(2018)、9-20頁)
なんか、おもしろそうな論文だな。 J-STAGE Articles - ただの言葉がなぜ傷つけるのか ーハラスメント発言の言語行為論的探究 https://t.co/EA9swmEmq4
読んだ。「ただの言葉がなぜ傷つけるのか――ハラスメント発言の言語行為論的探究」https://t.co/SXGizXinAe わりと基礎的な話だけど、この手の哲学の文章に抵抗がない人には、差別的言動を論理的に問題化するための一助になるかも。
@jwc_2018no2 https://t.co/XAtbg6x8T7 ハラスメントとは何か https://t.co/dYsGOzNejw https://t.co/4QgGg26bnD https://t.co/3TkLTo9K5z https://t.co/hgUEYdoBHc https://t.co/KK6JUBJVsr https://t.co/RCobiacdb2
@gksrnrtjsepdl ハラスメントは何か https://t.co/dYsGOzNejw https://t.co/4QgGg26bnD
@Anri0612Anr 参考まで ハラスメントは何か https://t.co/dYsGOzNejw https://t.co/4QgGg26bnD 階級社会 階級支配 https://t.co/bSHWVDzyar 法則とは何か https://t.co/6xxY6qi5f9 歴史の法則 https://t.co/VZZuFInw30
@ts_namakomion @akiko_18seikei1 ハラスメントは何か https://t.co/dYsGOzNejw https://t.co/4QgGg26bnD 階級社会 階級支配 https://t.co/bSHWVDzyar 法則とは何か https://t.co/6xxY6qi5f9 歴史の法則 https://t.co/VZZuFInw30
@misskeio201802 ハラスメントは何か https://t.co/dYsGOzNejw https://t.co/4QgGg26bnD 階級社会 階級支配 https://t.co/bSHWVDzyar 法則とは何か https://t.co/6xxY6qi5f9 歴史の法則 https://t.co/VZZuFInw30
@mck2018_no5 ハラスメントは何か https://t.co/dYsGOzNejw https://t.co/4QgGg26bnD 階級社会 階級支配 https://t.co/bSHWVDzyar 法則とは何か https://t.co/6xxY6qi5f9 歴史の法則 https://t.co/VZZuFInw30
@osamu_toguchi @koike_akira ハラスメントは何か https://t.co/dYsGOzNejw https://t.co/4QgGg26bnD 階級社会 階級支配 https://t.co/bSHWVDzyar 法則とは何か https://t.co/6xxY6qi5f9 歴史の法則 https://t.co/VZZuFInw30
池田喬、2018、ただの言葉がなぜ傷つけるのか──ハラスメント発言の言語行為論的探究 https://t.co/j123xBt06R

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