- ソシオロジ (ISSN:05841380)
- vol.46, no.2, pp.73-88,158, 2001-10-31 (Released:2016-11-02)
This paper intends to point out some characteristics of Goffman's social theory in his early texts. The texts analyzed here are:(A) "Communication Conduct in an Island Community", (PhD Dissertation, Universi ty of Chicago, 1953),(B) The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (University of Edinburgh Social Sciences Research Centre, Monograph No.2, 1956) , and(C) The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (New York, Doubleday Anchor, 1959). All of these early texts deal with our performances in everyday life. An analysis of these texts shows that there are three steps to the completion of the Goffman's dramaturgy. Firstly, the subject of 'seeing' in everyday life led to an idea of dramaturgy based on the fact that people are always seen (text (A) ). Secondly, Goffman constructed a model of dramaturgy containing such elements as 'performer', 'audience', and 'mutual monitoring' (text (B) ). Thirdly, he added a large number of various, rhetorically attractive episodes to reinforce his study (text (C) ). The most remarkable feature in the above steps lies in the third step. What does the addition of so many characteristic episodes after constructing the model mean? It implies that Goffman is not just presenting his theory of performances, but that he is performing it. The excellence of his theory is not only in the content of the study, but also in the way he presented it. Goffman studied the performances and performed his study. It enables us to comprehend our performances in everyday life to a great extent, and it is one of the chief characteristics of Goffman's social theory in his early texts.