著者
竹内 里欧
出版者
社会学研究会
雑誌
ソシオロジ (ISSN:05841380)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, no.3, pp.127-143,219, 2002-02-28 (Released:2016-11-02)

In this paper, I examine strategies which were used to adjust conflicts between Wa (和, Japanese style) and Yô (洋, Western style) in the discourse on manners. This research helps illuminate the character of Japanese modernization and "civilization". My research covers the period from the Meiji Restoration to the end of World War II. (The simple dichotomy of Wa and Yô is adopted since it can be seen in the discourse on manners in this period.) 4 strategies are examined: "A. Elimination Strategy I ――Westernization――", "B. Separation Strategy", "C. Elimination Strategy II――return to 'Japan'――", and "D. Reconciliation (via a third factor) Strategy". Among those strategies, I pay particular attention to the "D. Reconciliation (via a third factor) Strategy". This strategy distinguishes "civilization" and "westernization", judges "Japanese" and "Western" manners by means of "universal" criteria, and guides them towards reconciliation. This strategy makes it possible to claim that "essentially, East and West are in harmony" or that they compete in regard to "universal" criteria. However, the claim that "originally, Japan was also a civilized nation" and the respect for "rationality" and "hygiene" seen in the "D. Reconciliation (via a third factor) Strategy" were modeled on concepts and ideas brought from "the West". Therefore, one can view the "D. Reconciliation (via a third factor) Strategy" as a mimicry of "A. Elimination Strategy I――Westernization――". This analysis leads to the conclusion that Westernization creeps into Japanese "civilization", despite seeming reconciliation. This point was not grasped by the well known harmonizing theories, such as Wakonyousai (和魂洋才, Japanese spirit and Western knowledge).

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家庭訪問の始まりと合わせて、どんな礼儀作法を正統とするかあれやこえやの様子↓「欧化」と「国粋」礼儀作法のレトリック https://t.co/mYjtooAWdr これも面白いです。 https://t.co/woPv8men3Z
大正9年(スペイン風邪は大正7年)に 「西洋も握手やキスが衛生的に良くないと分かって、今では、目礼、脱帽で挨拶してるわけだから、今まで日本を野蛮、卑屈と言っていたけど、日本の方がスゴいわけでスッキリだぜ!」 だって。ちょうど100年前。 https://t.co/OehYHWGweT https://t.co/YRBhXGgYy8
明治に作られた国粋「礼儀」まとめと言えるのかも。昭和16年だし。面白い。デジタル図書館で、出だし読んでみましたが、「日本固有の精神を生活に活かす」とある。 明治の「礼儀」のてんやわんや、このリンク「欧化と国粋:礼儀作法書のレトリック」が分かりやすいです。 https://t.co/OehYHWGweT https://t.co/VdJhGMBtCe

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