著者
関 めぐみ 三上 純 井谷 惠子 井谷 聡子
出版者
日本スポーツとジェンダー学会
雑誌
スポーツとジェンダー研究 (ISSN:13482157)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, pp.21-31, 2019 (Released:2019-09-06)
参考文献数
18

This is one of the first studies to explore the experiences and expressions of discrimination, violence and exclusion based on genders, sexualities and the bodies in Physical education (PE) in Japan. Through this research, we hope to gain insight into the gender and sexual politics of Japanese PE. The study was administered in three Japanese universities in 2017. Based on 979 survey responses, we present a preliminary analysis of students reported the experiences of discrimination and exclusion. We conducted the quantitative and qualitative content analysis of 410 (41.9%) survey responses, which answered the open-ended question about negative experience in PE. By using quantitative content analysis software (KH coder), we extracted seven clusters: 1) being scolded for a mistake, 2) being a nuisance to a partner or a team, 3) forced to perform (play) sport or do exercise, 4) swimming, 5) running, 6) class (teaching) methods, and 7) methods of evaluation. The main factors that caused the negative experience are codified to: classmates (category 1), oneself (category 2), teachers (category 3, 6, 7) and exercise characteristics (category 4, 5). When analyzed the result by gender, “normative woman” (cis-gendered, heterosexual) tends to be ashamed that they are not good at sports and their self-respect becomes wounded. On the other hand, “normative man” (cis-gendered, heterosexual) tends to remember the negative experience as those moments when they were blamed by their classmates. The persons of “non-normative” gender/sexuality (transgender and/or non-heterosexual) tend to have more negative experiences based on heterosexism and binary gender system. Our findings suggest that the evaluation criteria set by the curriculum and/or teacher need to be changed. Because the criteria made students’ achievement (or the lack thereof) visible, it leads to the bodily hierarchy. This hierarchy push students who are not athletic into a lower position and marginalize them in the classroom.

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関めぐみ,三上 純, 井谷 惠子, 井谷 聡「研究ノート「体育の嫌な経験」とジェンダー/セクシュアリティ/身体 質問紙調査における自由記述のテキスト分析より スポーツとジ

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プールの話題で、調べてみたら直接は関係ないけど興味深い研究見つけた。手法には詳しくないけど、体育の負の側面が、完全に授業制度にあることがここでは立証されてる。これを生徒に負わせてまで今の体育の形が良しとされるかどうかはそっからの議論 https://t.co/fhY0wadS1P

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