Paul D. Loprinzi
- Active Aging Research Center
- Journal of Trainology (ISSN:21865264)
- vol.11, no.1, pp.12-16, 2022-05-30 (Released:2022-06-15)
Objective: To provide a brief overview of the literature evaluating the individual and combined effects of cognitive and physical (exercise) training on cognitive function. Design and Methods: An overview review approach was employed. Results: Cognitive and physical training, and their combination, can improve various cognitive outcomes (e.g., memory) in several adult populations (e.g., healthy older adults, older adults with mild cognitive impairment). These effects, howev er, are influenced by several factors, such as the setting in which the training occurs (e.g., supervised or home-based), the type of combined training (e.g., physical-cognitive, motor-cognitive, multi-domain), and the type of comparison/con trol group utilized. Conclusions: Combining cognitive and physical exercise together in a training program may yield improvements in cogni tive function.