- THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES
- TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, SPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN (ISSN:13473840)
- vol.7, no.ists26, pp.Pk_11-Pk_15, 2009 (Released:2010-05-08)
In this paper, the estimation method of impact probability for Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) is investigated. The impact probability of NEOs has been calculated by a linear target plane analysis and a Monte-Carlo method. Since the collisions of NEOs with the Earth are quite sensitive problems, the calculations have to be confirmed by everal methods. A linear target plane analysis cannot be applied if the position uncertainty is too large since the uncertainty ellipsoid is not a good assumption in this case. A Monte-Carlo method can be used for a large position uncertainty, but the computational cost is high. The limitation of using a linear target plane analysis is investigated using the Monte-Carlo method for the close approach of 99942 Apophis (2004 MN4). The relation between impact probability and observation accuracy is investigated by analyzing the close approach of 2007WD5.