著者
中沢 智恵子
出版者
「野生生物と社会」学会
雑誌
野生生物保護 (ISSN:13418777)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.2, pp.19-38, 2010-03-01 (Released:2017-09-20)
参考文献数
41

The causes of the extinction of the Japanese wolf (Canis lupus hodophilax), once found in three-Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu-of the four Japanese large islands, were documented by surveying official documents of northeastern Honshu from the Meiji era (1868-1912). The results showed many instances of nuisance killings of the animals, motivated by attacks on free-ranging livestock by the animals. The extirpation policies and their implemental measures were planned and authorized by the prefectural administrations of Aomori, Iwate, Iwai (then occupying parts of both present-day Iwate and Miyagi Prefectures), and Miyagi. In Aomori Prefecture, the police killed wolves. In Iwai Prefecture, the police commanded hunters to conduct the nuisance killings. The government of Iwate Prefecture enacted a bounty system in 1875, and 201 wolves were killed in 6 years. The government of Miyagi Prefecture followed it in 1877. In Fukushima Prefecture, local people conducted nuisance killings. Besides, the documents showed that fur, meat, and other parts of wolves were traded and used in northeastern Honshu. Thus, it can be concluded that the nuisance killings and hunting of wolves in the late 19th century contributed to the extinction of these animals in northeastern Honshu.

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岩手県にニホンオオカミが生息していたのはいつごろまでか。宮沢賢治「狼森と笊森、盗森」の狼森には狼が生息していたのか。

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@Matsumoto_RF 諸説あるようですが、明治期に西洋の牧畜業が入ってきて、家畜を襲うオオカミが障害となり、政府が賞金かけてオオカミ狩りを推奨したようですね。オオカミ輸入の噂、聞いたことあるけどホントなんですかね? 「明治時代東北地方におけるニホンオオカミの駆除」 https://t.co/tYDCum1aiP

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