- 公益社団法人 日本薬学会
- YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
- vol.138, no.10, pp.1285-1290, 2018-10-01 (Released:2018-10-01)
Exercise is generally considered to have health benefits for the body, although its beneficial mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. Recent progressive research suggests that myokines, bioactive substances secreted from skeletal muscle, play an important role in mediating the benefits of exercise. There are three types of myokines in terms of the muscular secretion mechanism: those in which the secretion is promoted by stimulation, such as irisin, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-15; those whose secretion is constitutive, such as thioredoxin, glutaredoxin, and peroxiredoxin; and those whose secretion is suppressed by stimulation, such as by a macrophage migration inhibitory factor. Although dozens of myokines have been reported, their physiological roles are not well understood. Therefore, there currently exists no advanced drug discovery research specifically targeting myokines, with the exception of Myostatin. Myostatin was discovered as a negative regulator of muscle growth. Myostatin is secreted from muscle cells as a myokine; it signals via an activin type IIB receptor in an autocrine manner, and regulates gene expressions involved in myogenesis. Given the studies to date that have been conducted on the utilization of myostatin inhibitors for the treatment of muscle weakness, including cachexia and sarcopenia, other myokines may also be new potential drug targets.