著者
国文学研究資料館史料館

口絵凡例三井文庫旧蔵資料<袋綴本>目録解題三井文庫旧蔵資料<袋綴本>目録
著者
上里 隆史
出版者
公益財団法人 史学会
雑誌
史学雑誌 (ISSN:00182478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.114, no.7, pp.1179-1211, 2005-07-20 (Released:2017-12-01)

This article investigates the migration of Japanese in the China Sea region, especially in and around Naha, the capital of the Kingdom of Ryukyu, between the 16th and 17th centuries. Previous research on the Japan-Ryukyu relations during medieval times has chiefly focused on the diplomatic relations between the Muromachi government, the Shimazu family of Satsuma, and the Ryukyus. It goes without saying, however, that the focus on state trade alone does not fully explain the historical relations between the two states. It is also necessary for us to consider such private aspects of trade as the activities of people who participated as well as recent findings on medieval maritime trade for a proper understanding of the relationship between medieval Japan and the Ryukyus. The migration of people from Japan to the Ryukyu Islands dates back to the 15th century. The "Ryukyu Kokuzu 琉球国図", a map of the Kingdom in those days depicts Japanese and Ryukyuans living together in Naha. According to the genealogical data on the Ryukyus, Japanese who had emigrated there during the 16th and 17th centuries through the transportation mode which had evolved at that time, can be divided into three groups, based on their places of origin: Kinai, Hokuriku, Kyushu groups. Those people were probably maritime merchants who commuted between the Ryukyus and Japan, but resided permanently in the Ryukyus and engaged in certain occupations, such as the administration of Naha, foreign affairs, medicine, and the tea ceremony. As for the structure of the port city of Naha, Naha-Yomachi 那覇四町, literally, the four townships of Naha, had developed on the fringe of the Chinese settlement of Kumemura 久米村, which was the core of Naha. The fact that Japanese institutions, such as a Shinto shrine, were located on the periphery of Naha-Yomachi shows that, like the goddess Mazu 媽祖 for the Chinese people, Naha was one of the overseas territories of Japanese merchants. Japanese immigrants resided together with Ryukyuans in Naha-Yomachi. During the 16th century, wajin (倭人), or armed Japanese merchants would throng into Naha in quest of the Chinese goods when ever Chinese envoys visited the Ryukyus. The Ryukyu royal government tried to restrict armaments, but failed. Japanese trading facilities called Nihon Kan 日本館 were set up in Naha. During the latter half of the 16th century, Kumemura, the center of Naha and the Chinese settlement, declined, while Naha-Yomachi prospered. During this period, the trade route between Japan and Fujian via Manila was established based on the active circulation of Japanese and new continental silver and Chinese raw silk. The Ryukyus functioned in it as an entrepot between Japan and Manila. It has been thought that the route from the Ryukyus to Southeast Asia was completely abolished in 1570, however, this is not true, for the Ryukyus changed its form of trade from state-sponsored trade to private trade carried out by wajin maritime merchants. The Ryukyus thus become a node connecting East to Southeast Asia.
著者
沢田 雅洋 山下 博 岩崎 俊樹 大林 茂
出版者
一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会
雑誌
日本航空宇宙学会論文集 (ISSN:13446460)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.681, pp.295-301, 2010 (Released:2010-10-27)
参考文献数
14

Research of Long-Distance Human-Powered Flight has been performed through the following four items: Aircraft design, Risk management, Pilot performance, Weather prediction. Actual flight took place on August 12, 2009. The flight distance was 20.72km. In this study, results of weather prediction using 1-way downscaling technique are validated by surface observation data and feasibility of weather prediction for Long-Distance Human-Powered Flight is discussed. The weather prediction with 1-km mesh decreases RMSE of wind speed by 0.1--0.2m/s compared with that with 5-km mesh. The weather prediction with 1-km mesh also has a potential to reproduce nonstationary wind. The RMSE gradually increase with time, which is mainly caused by initial and boundary data given from coarse mesh model. To reduce the RMSE, it is desirable to use newest analysis data as possible for initial and boundary data.
著者
Atsushi TSUKAMOTO Minami OHGODA Nozomi HARUKI Masatoshi HORI Tomo INOMATA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
(Released:2018-01-16)

The neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis (AP). Maropitant is an NK1R antagonist that is widely used as an antiemetic in dogs and cats. In the present study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory action of maropitant in a mouse model of AP. AP was induced in BALB/c mice by intraperitoneal administration of cerulein, and maropitant was administered subcutaneously at a dose of 8 mg/kg. We assessed the mRNA expression levels of NK1R and substance P (SP) in the pancreatic tissue via real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. In addition, the effect of maropitant on plasma amylase, lipase, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels was measured in each mouse. Inflammatory cell infiltration in the pancreas was assessed by myeloperoxidase (MPO) staining. Our results showed that AP induction significantly elevated the mRNA expression of SP in the pancreatic tissue. Treatment with maropitant significantly lowered plasma amylase and IL-6 levels. In addition, treatment with maropitant inhibited the infiltration of MPO-positive cells in the pancreas. The present study suggests that maropitant possesses an anti-inflammatory activity, in addition to its antiemetic action.
著者
宮田 昌伸 水永 光博 佐賀 祐司 谷口 成美 金子 茂男 八竹 直
出版者
一般社団法人 日本泌尿器科学会
雑誌
日本泌尿器科学会雑誌 (ISSN:00215287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.7, pp.1071-1078, 1990-07-20 (Released:2010-07-23)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
1 or 0

正常成人女性36名の58回の排尿について, Uroflow Diagnostic Interpretation (UDI) の排尿パラメーターと排尿量の関係を解析した. 最大尿流量率 (Qmax) と排尿量の中央90%に対する平均尿流量率 (QM90) は, 排尿量400mlまでは直線的に増加した. 排尿時間 (T100) は100~400mlの排尿量ではこれに依存せず一定範囲の値をとり, 全体でも21秒を越えるものはなかった. 排尿量の中央90%に要する排尿時間 (T90), 最大尿流到達時間 (TQmax), Qmax から排尿量の95%までの所要時間 (Tdesc) は排尿量に依存しなかった. 尿流量率の最大増加率 (dQ/dT max) と膀胱容量が40mlに達した時点の計算上の膀胱壁収縮速度 (dL/dT40) は排尿量に依存して増加する傾向が見られた. 20名の神経因性膀胱患者の25回の排尿のうち84.0%, 21名の慢性膀胱炎患者の27回排尿のうち66.7%にT100の延長が見られ, これらはすべてT90の延長を伴っていた. 他のパラメーターでは正常女性と患者間の差もしくは患者群間の差が明らかではなかった. 排尿時間は女性排尿のパラメーターとして有用である.
著者
望月 明義 伊藤 哲也 会田 仁 山本 和治 浅川 潔 太田 信行
出版者
日本野生動物医学会
雑誌
日本野生動物医学会誌 (ISSN:13426133)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.4, pp.141-144, 2016-12-22 (Released:2017-06-09)
参考文献数
10

長野県安曇野市の犀川で越冬する水鳥のうち,眼球突出を示した個体が2010年から5年間観察された。環形動物門ヒル綱に属するTheromyzon sp. がコハクチョウの腫大した眼部から採集されたが,血液が充満し,状態不良のため種は同定できなかった。水鳥がねぐらとする池において,ミズドリビル(T. tessulatum)の生息が確認されたことから,水鳥の眼球突出は本種ヒルの寄生によるものと考えられた。
著者
山森 宙史
出版者
日本マス・コミュニケーション学会
雑誌
マス・コミュニケーション研究 (ISSN:13411306)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.87, pp.197-216, 2015-07-31 (Released:2017-10-06)
参考文献数
55

This study aims to consider the historical process of establishing of Manga by focusing on Comic Book Sections in Japanese bookstores from the early 1970s to 1980s. Prior studies on Manga tend to focus on trades outside of regular distribution channels to emphasize peculiar characteristics of the emerging media. Consequently, the social process during the 1970s and 1980s to pervade Manga almost all of the retail bookstores through wholesalers has not been clarified. The article shows how Manga to be recognized as one of the established genre in bookstores by concentrating on the particular standard of shinshoban (pocket paperback edition) comics which became one of the best sellers in retail bookstores after the 1970s. The early spread of permanent section of shinshoban comics during the 1970s can be understood as a conflict between Manga and other genre of books, mostly literal arts, and through industrial change surrounding book business as a background. In the late 1970s, sale structure of the small and medium-sized retail bookstores became more dependent on the shinshoban comics. The situation forced booksellers to redefine the identity of their bookstore represented in the composition of sections. Accordingly, most booksellers decided to redefine the identity of their bookstores as a space for consumption from a space of cultural excellence. Booksellers defined Manga merely as a commodity and accepted shinshoban comics to make up a permanent section in their bookstores to compromise their ideals. However, constructing Manga sections in bookstores was nothing less than legitimizing Manga as one of the established genres of printed books. Therefore, the establishment of Manga in the 1970s and 1980s can be seen as a process of reconsidering the publication culture for the Japanese publication industry in a transitional period.
著者
与沢 松作 仙田 国晃 野原 弘 高橋 正行
出版者
日本養豚学会
雑誌
日本養豚研究会誌 (ISSN:03888460)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.2, pp.56-65, 1965-12-28 (Released:2011-06-08)
参考文献数
8

1 当試験場及び富山県経済連滑川種豚場産の子豚517頭 (Y. Y331頭, Y. L70頭, L. L116頭) の椎骨数を調査したところY. Yは20型4.5%, 21型71.6%, 22型23.6%, 23型0.3%, Y. Lは21型40.0%, 22型60%, L. Lは21型2.6%, 22型85.3%, 23型12.1%で品種による椎骨数の違いが認められた。2 F1では椎骨型の変異の巾は小さくなり, またヨークシャーとランドレースの中間的数値よりランドレースに近い椎骨の増加が認められた。3 種雄豚の系統別の胸・腰椎数変異の発現率は系統的に異なる傾向が認められた。4 胸腰椎数の heritability 推定値は高く, 高い遺伝力を期待できることが判明した。5 胸・腰椎数21型および22型各20頭 (ヨークシャー) を用いて飼養試験を行ったところ発育, 飼料要求率には差は認められなかった。6 屠体成績は22型が21型より背腰長I, II, IIIは長く有意な差が認められた。大割肉片ではロース・バラは22型が21型より割合が多くなるが, 逆にハムは小さくなることが認められ2%水準で有意であった。7 ロース長は22型が21型より長く1%で有意であり逆にロース面積は21型が22型より大きくなる傾向が認められたが有意ではなかった。8 背脂肪は22型が21型より薄くなる傾向が認められた。9 椎骨1個あたりの長さは22型が21型より長くなる傾向が認められた。
著者
礒村 公郎 杉山 英男
出版者
公益社団法人 日本アイソトープ協会
雑誌
RADIOISOTOPES (ISSN:00338303)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.10, pp.626-634, 1999-10-15 (Released:2011-03-10)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
2 or 2

兵庫県下の河川水および水道水のウラン濃度を調べた。県内大部分の地域で河川水のウラン濃度は検出限界0.02μg/kg以下であったが, 六甲山周辺および淡路島北部でウラン濃度の高い河川水が認められ, さらにウラン濃度とフッ素濃度には有意な相関が認められた。ウラン濃度の高い河川の分布する地域は六甲花崗岩および領家花崗岩の分布する地域と一致した。河川水のウラン濃度の高い原因は六甲花崗岩および領家花崗岩の地下水によると推定された。水道水の摂取に伴うウランによる年実効線量当量は, 過去には最高で1.5μSv/年 (1996年神戸市兵庫区) と推定されたが, その後ウラン濃度は減少し, 1997年12月以降は厚生省の指針値 (0.002mg/L) の半分以下で, 年実効線量当量は0.3μSv/年以下で推移している。
著者
杉山一弥
出版者
社団法人日本家政学会
雑誌
日本家政学会誌 (ISSN:09135227)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, no.5, pp.283-292, 2007-05-15
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
1 or 0

Kamakura-nenchuu-gyouji is a description of the clothing in various classes of samurai in East Japan. The clothes and accessories were different for each class. They were required by Kamakura-kubou to dress in different colors, shapes, and materials. This applied to every event and ceremony. There were also differences in vehicles. Mon, weaved into clothes, was also very important, because Mon was an expression of the Japanese sense of beauty. The giving a way of clothes after wearing them was also very important in the Muromachi period. The rules of clothing applied not only to daily clothing but also to armaments. Clothing always symbolized the classes and formality. In East Japan in the Muromachi period, the clothing of samurai were determined not by the scale of one's power but by the status of the Kamakura-Fu.
著者
岡田 英己子
出版者
首都大学東京
雑誌
人文学報. 社会福祉学 (ISSN:03868729)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.23-97, 2005-03-25

1990年頃から「平塚らいてうは優生思想の持ち主」論が通説として流布している。その典拠とされるのが、平塚執筆の「避妊の可否を論ず」に記された断種法要求であるが、実は原稿は3種類あり、刊行時期も食い違う。では、フェミニズムの旗手である平塚は、いつ、どのようにして女性の「性と生殖の自己決定」から、「性と生殖の国家管理」断種法要求にまで暴走していくのか。平塚著作の検討を通して、新婦人協会の花柳病男子結婚制限法案の修正経緯を概観し、同時に民族衛生学会の永井潜やドイツ社会事業に精通する海野幸徳との比較から、「いか程の優生思想の持ち主なのか」を査定した。これは優生学歴史研究方法の再考であり、また第一波フェミニズムの最初の敗退の背景解明にも繋がるものである。
著者
金子 和雄 大山 陽介
出版者
四日市大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2010-04-01 (Released:2010-08-23)

(a)2次元退化ガルニエ系および(b)4次元パンルヴェ型方程式における超越的特殊解の研究(a)G(9/2),G(5)及びG(14),G(23)に対し、対称解の存在を示し、線型モノドロミを計算した結果につき学会報告した(2010慶応大、名古屋大、2011-3早稲田大)。(b)藤、鈴木系の特異点における有理型解の分類及び線型モノドロミの計算、笹野系の特異点における有理型解の分類による藤、鈴木系との違い、藤、鈴木系および行列型パンルヴェの退化系NY{A4},IV{Mat}およびII{Mat}につき学会報告した(2011-9信州大,2012-3東京理科大,2012-9九州大,2013-9愛媛大)。