著者
渡邉 弘 駒場 一博
出版者
宇都宮大学
雑誌
宇都宮大学教育学部教育実践総合センター紀要 (ISSN:13452495)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, pp.105-113, 2007-07-01

明治後期の改正教育令(明治13年)の公布以来、わが国の学校教育において筆頭教科であった修身科の授業は、1945年(昭和20)12月31日に連合国軍総司令部(GHQ)によって出された四大指令の一つ「修身、日本歴史及ビ地理停止ニ関スル件」によって停止された。これに先立ち、同年11月、文部省に公民教育刷新委員会が設けられて、道徳教育にかかわる自主的改革の歩みが起こされており、「道徳と知識との結合」を重視した新しい公民教育が構想されていた。だが、占領軍の指導の下で、翌1947年(昭和22)年度以降、新学制のもとで社会科に移行した。このことは、その後の社会科と道徳教育との関係を不明瞭のものとする結果を招いたと考えられる。当時、このように十分な検討がされたとは必ずしも言えず、曖昧なまま玉虫色のまま終息した特徴的な議論の一つが、ここで取り上げる「教育勅語」(正式には「教育ニ関スル勅語」)廃止の問題である。とくに本論では、公民教育刷新委員会と教育刷新委員会において行われたこの「教育勅語」をめぐる論争を中心に考察する。
著者
山本 和明
出版者
人間文化研究機構国文学研究資料館
雑誌
Leaflet on Digital Object Identifier (DOI) = Leaflet on Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
巻号頁・発行日
2016-03-25

DOI(ディー・オー・アイ)って何:Digital Object Identifier の略。恒久的にデジタル情報を特定できる、国際的な識別子、それがDOIです。対象は、書籍や論文にとどまらず、研究データ、さらに映画やテレビ番組などの情報資産にも、広がり続けています。インターネット上にあるデジタルコンテンツの所在情報は、一般的にURLによって示されています。しかしページやコンテンツの場所などが変わるたびにURLも変更になり、わずか数年で、対象のサイトに行き着けないということがしばしば。そこで、デジタルコンテンツへの永続的なアクセスを実現するため考案されたのが、DOIです。日本では、大学図書館や国立情報学研究所、国立国会図書館が古典籍のデジタル画像へのDOI付与に先進的に取り組んでいます。国立国会図書館では、博士論文(14万件)等への付与に加えて、2015年2月から、約9万件の古典籍画像にもDOIが付与されました。DOIは、いま研究者が知っておくべき識別子なのです。
著者
小田嶋 悟
出版者
東海大学
雑誌
東海大学課程資格教育センター論集 (ISSN:13492438)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.26-20, 2003-03-31

The Imperial Rescript on Education brought a unity of the view about moral. The result was that moal education was thought of as school subjects. It is important that moral ideas differ from ideas about morality.
著者
小林 陽介
出版者
経済理論学会
雑誌
季刊経済理論 (ISSN:18825184)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.4, pp.84-95, 2014-01-20

The aim of this paper is to analyze the process of the financialization of the American economy in 1980s, focusing on the relationship between corporations and financial institutions. In part I, I survey the literature of the financialization approach. One approach is to focus on the increase of financial investment by non-financial corporations. This approach points out that non-financial corporations invest internal funds to financial assets to avoid the downward tendency of profitrates. This approach is limited by scholars understanding that corporations invest in financial assets solely aiming at financial profits. The other approach is to focus on the growing influence of the capital market and the increase of financial payments by non-financial corporations. This approach emphasizes the creation of the "market for corporate control", driven by the rise of institutional investors, information economics and the formation of junk-bond market. This approach has the limitation that the actions of industrial corporations are not included. Based on these literatures, the approach of this paper is to regard investing equity as the way to control another corporation and include corporate actions which pursue profits. This approach is to focus on the transformation of "finance capital". Originally, "finance capital" had a viewpoint of finance related with industry. However, these days, "finance capital" is used in a sense that financial institutions seek financial and speculative profits. In this paper, I focus on the process of the transformation of "finance capital" from the classical type to casino type. In part II, I trace the transformation of the American economy after World War II, and corporate restructuring in 1980s. In the post-war era, the American economy was characterized by the administered price system. Administered price was the price which added reasonable profit to cost. Because of this, corporations could get stable profit. Under this system, corporate actions were characterized by avoidance of price competition, demand of protective policies, and investment in former type equipment. In the depression in early 1980s, many corporations fell into the red Most of them changed the action pattern. They restructured business formations by mergers and acquisitions(M&A). For examples, U. S. Steel acquired Marathon Oil in 1982 to change its main business from steel to oil production. Financial institutions took part in the M&A boom. Investment banks acted as M&A advisor. In merger mania, they treated bridge loan financing, and invested LBO equity funds. Commercial banks acted as loan lender. In merger mania, they acted as M&A advisor. In part III, I explain the consequences of merger boom in 1980s and examine the transformation of the relationship between corporations and financial institutions. Financial institutions expanded profits from M&A related businesses because such businesses were very profitable. In the process of merger boom, the relationship between corporations and financial institutions had transformed from "relationship oriented" to "arms-length oriented". As for investment banks, large corporations had maintained the continuous relationship with specific investment banks over a long period of time. However, in 1980s, most corporations came to use the investment banks which presented the most advantageous conditions. This was because there were many chances for corporations to change investment banks in the merger boom. The conclusion of this paper is as follows: 1) American corporations moved their capital to advantageous industries by using financial markets. 2) Financial institutions could expand profits by helping corporations which needed M & A to overcome the difficulties in that days. 3) In the process of merger booms, the relationship between corporations and financial institutions had transformed from "relationship oriented" to "arms-length oriented".
著者
清水 敏之
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬学会
雑誌
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.136, no.2, pp.173-178, 2016 (Released:2016-02-01)

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a family of pattern-recognition receptors that recognize microbial components and initiate subsequent immune responses. TLR7 and TLR8 recognize single-stranded (ss)RNA and initiate innate immune responses. Moreover, several small-molecule compounds have been identified as TLR7 and TLR8 activators. We determined the crystal structures of unliganded and ligand-induced activated human TLR8 dimers. Upon ligand stimulation, the TLR8 dimer was reorganized such that the two C-termini were brought into proximity. Ligand binding induces reorganization of the TLR8 dimer, which enables downstream signaling processes. To elucidate how TLR8 recognizes its natural ligand, ssRNA, as well as how the receptor can be activated by ssRNA that is structurally and chemically very different from the chemical ligands, we performed crystallographic studies of TLR8 in complex with ssRNA. TLR8 recognizes, at distinct sites, uridine and small oligonucleotides derived from the degradation of ssRNA. Uridine bound the site on the dimerization interface where small chemical ligands are recognized, whereas short oligonucleotides bound a newly identified site. Based on structural information, new compounds have been developed. We describe the crystal structure of a newly developed agonist, C2-butyl furo[2,3-c]quinolone.
著者
岡 道男 岡 道男
出版者
同志社大学
雑誌
同志社法學 (ISSN:03877612)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.2, pp.42-88, 1968-12-25

資料
著者
鄒 歩浩 福沢 嘉孝 阿部 哲朗 許 鳳浩 太田 富久 鈴木 信孝
出版者
日本補完代替医療学会
雑誌
日本補完代替医療学会誌 (ISSN:13487922)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.13, no.2, pp.35-41, 2016-09-30 (Released:2016-10-14)

カイジ顆粒は健康食品として日本に入ってきたが,もともと中国では新薬として開発され,処方薬の一つとなっているため,基礎研究や臨床応用も数多く,エビデンスも積み重ねられてきた.カイジ顆粒の応用は多岐に渡るが,本総説はデータのもっとも多い肝臓癌に対するカイジの影響についてまとめた.

4 4 4 4 祖国と青年

出版者
日本協議会
巻号頁・発行日
vol.(5), no.68, 1984-05

4 4 4 4 祖国と青年

出版者
日本協議会
巻号頁・発行日
vol.(4), no.28, 1977-04
著者
国文学研究資料館
出版者
国文学研究資料館
雑誌
和書のさまざま――国文学研究資料館通常展示図録(2017年版)――
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1-16, 2017-01-20

和書すなわち日本の古典籍は、千二百年以上に及ぶ長い歴史を持ち、その種類の多様さと現存する点数の多さは世界的にも稀です。国文学研究資料館では、和書のさまざまな姿や特色を紹介するため、通常展示「和書のさまざま」を毎年行っています。本冊子は、その展示内容の概要を収録したものとして作成しました。ささやかながら、和書の豊かな世界への手引きとなることを願っています。*本冊子の掲載資料はすべて国文学研究資料館所蔵です。*項目番号は実際の展示と一致しますが、紙面の都合で一部の項目を割愛したため、番号が飛んでいる箇所があります。*本冊子の掲載資料が実際に展示されているとは限りません。
著者
永岡 美佳 藤田 博喜 中野 政尚 渡辺 均 住谷 秀一
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.2, pp.104-113, 2013 (Released:2014-03-06)
被引用数
1 or 0

Monthly deposition samples were collected at the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories located about 115 km south of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), and the radioactive nuclides were analyzed. Although radionuclides such as 131I, 129mTe-129Te and 132Te-132I with 134Cs and 137Cs were observed by gamma spectrometry at the early time of the Fukushima Daiichi NPP accident, only 134Cs and 137Cs were detected as of September 2011. The annual depositions of 134Cs and 137Cs were about 19,000 and 17,000 Bq m-2, respectively in March 2011-February 2012 after the accident. Moreover, 90Sr was detected in some samples. Monthly 90Sr deposition in March 2011 was 5.1 Bq m-2 month-1 and then decreased after that. On the other hand, 239, 240Pu concentration was the same level with the concentration before the accident.