著者
林 純 柏木 征三郎 野村 秀幸 梶山 渉 池松 秀之 青山 俊雄 与儀 洋和
出版者
社団法人 日本感染症学会
雑誌
感染症学雑誌 (ISSN:03875911)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.3, pp.315-320, 1985-03-20 (Released:2011-09-07)
被引用数
1 or 2

B型肝炎ウイルスは家族内感染以外, 医療行為や性行為で伝播する事は良く知られているが, その他にHBsAg carrierが使用した歯ブラシやカミソリなどを介しての伝播の可能性も考えられている.著者らはcarrierとカミソリを共用したため, 劇症B型肝炎に罹患した1例を経験したので報告する.症例は沖縄県石垣市の中学校女子生徒 (14歳) で, 昭和58年1月HBsAg陽性の急性肝炎を発症し, その後意識障害の出現などから劇症B型肝炎と診断されたが, 血漿交換などにより治癒した.患者が通っていた中学校の全生徒341名のHBsAg陽性率は4.1%, anti-HBsは13.8%, anti-HBcは18.2%で, 当地区における一般住民の陽性率よりやや低い成績であった.この患者の感染経路を検討したところ, 発症2ヵ月前の修学旅行にて, 患者はHBsAg carrier (HBeAg陽性) の女生徒が美容のため下肢の剃毛に使用したカミソリをそのまま借用し, 同様に剃毛を行ったため感染したものと考えられた.HBsAg carrierへの対策として, 肝機能の面からだけでなく, 感染源としての指導, 教育を行う必要があると考えられた.
著者
児玉 英靖 張 或〓 相澤 真一 居郷 至伸 大滝 世津子
出版者
東京大学
雑誌
東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要 (ISSN:13421050)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, pp.175-195, 2007-03-10

This paper examines the Japanese concept of gemba from the angle of sociology of knowledge. The concept of gemba has been widely used in Japanese schools, factories and offices, which can be literally translated to "the real scene" in English. However, the term gemba often suggests a sense of distinction between "we as powerless workers who know better about the situation" and "they as management or outsiders who do not know what really happens in the scene." Without referring to the social actors who use this concept under specified situation, it is very difficult to pinpoint down exactly what kinds of matter belongs to in a particular gemba. Delineating how this concept was actually used in different social settings, like high school, kindergarten and convenience stores, it suggests that, on the one hand, the concept's intension and the contents it connotes are often ambiguous, on the other hand, its extension often denotes a well-defined and clear boundary of what should be included within a particular gemba. The article thus discusses how the use of this concept may actually relate to group dynamics and thus it may reveal the power structure in contemporary Japanese society.
著者
和田 康由 寺内 信
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.499, pp.155-162, 1997
被引用数
1 or 0

This paper deals with the role of housing development by estate campanies, through the case of Kansai Tochi Co. Ltd., which were founded in the middle of Taisho era. Tomosaburo TAKEHARA, the President of Kansai Tochi Co. Ltd., former a stock broker, was actively engaged in the housing enterprises by merging many estate companies, and the way of his housing management was to speculate in the housing estates as if they had been the stocks. He not only took over the business of merged estate companies but employed excellent managers and architects. Especially, Ohmino Den-en Toshi which had been developed by Kansai Tochi Co. Ltd. and MORISHOUJI District in Osaka City which was the project of a land readjustment system, were developed into the residential areas with excellent quality. But the company was in financial difficulties because it owned too many housing estates and a balance between supply and demand couldn't be kept during the war. It disappeared unexpectedly after the war in spite of developing land remarkably.
著者
木村 有美子
出版者
大阪樟蔭女子大学
雑誌
樟蔭国文学 (ISSN:03898792)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.55-71, 1986-01-10
著者
秦野 裕介
巻号頁・発行日
pp.146-161, 2012-03-31

新しいアイヌ史の構築 : 先史編・古代編・中世編 : 「新しいアイヌ史の構築」プロジェクト報告書2012
著者
渡辺 恒夫
出版者
公益社団法人 日本心理学会
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.6, pp.478-483, 1998-02-28 (Released:2010-07-16)
被引用数
6 or 0

Having defined the distinction between hypnagogic imagery and dreams, a preliminary study on the individual differences in the experience of visual hypnagogic imagery was conducted. (1) A questionnaire on visual hypnagogic experience was administered to 796 students. The results suggested that previous researches on the incidence of this experience might have suffered from ambiguous definitions. (2) The Scale of Mental Imagery (Hasegawa, 1992) was administered to 330 of the same students, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire to 305 students, and S-A Creativity Test (Sozosei-shinri-kenkyukai, 1969) to 221 students. The frequency of hypnagogic experiences was significantly associated with the scores of “the vividness of mental imagery”, “neuroticism”, and “creativity”. (3) Based on these results, a proposed research problem on hypnagogic imagery was discussed.
著者
金子 真理子
出版者
日本教育社会学会
雑誌
教育社会学研究 (ISSN:03873145)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, pp.69-89, 1999-10-15 (Released:2011-03-18)

This paper analyzes the processes in the classroom, in which the teacher's evaluation affects pupils' involvement in various activities at school. In this paper, I aim to understand social meanings of evaluation in the classroom. In so doing, I hope to shed new light on the sociology of school.Based on ethnographic research conducted at an elementary school, I found the following:1) Among pupils, their recognition of teacher's evaluation is differentiated, because evaluation in the classroom is getting multifarious and the criteria of report cards are not open to pupils.2) Patterns of pupils' reaction to the teacher's evaluation are differentiated based on both “pupils' recognition” and “grades on test”. Differentiation of pupils' reaction to evaluation is a result of pupils' strategies, based on their own recognition, for making difference and getting a respectable position in the classroom. For example, lowly-graded pupils recognize their teacher's evaluation in everyday life positively and react to it accordingly. Through such strategies in dealing with teacher's evaluation, pupils make their own positions in the classroom as a social space.3) Pupils' involvement in school activities is differentiated, depending on patterns of their reaction to the teacher's evaluation.As is discussed above, the process of evaluation in the classroom is a social interaction process. Lastly, I suggest that this process makes various patterns of pupils' adjustment to school, and on the other hand it can cause a part of “self-selection”.
著者
田辺 国昭
出版者
東北大学法学会
雑誌
法学 (ISSN:03855082)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.6, pp.p1066-1071, 1989-02
著者
Kazuhiro NAGATA
出版者
The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
雑誌
Tetsu-to-Hagane (ISSN:00211575)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.10, pp.715-720, 1998 (Released:2009-06-19)

Tatara was used to be a traditional process to produce solid steel, so called "Kera", and/or liquid pig iron, so called "Zuku", from iron sand and charcoal using the box type furnace with blowing cold air intermittently. A modified Tatara furnace has been examined on the production mechanisms of "Kera". Temeratures and oxygen partial pressures in the furnace were measured by means of thermocouples and oxygen sensors with solid electrolyte of zirconia. Iron sand and a piece of "Kera" produced in the bottom of furnace were sampled and analyzed chemically or by a electron probe micro analyser. Iron sand is reduced above tuyere and absorbs carbon on fired charcoals in front of the tuyere at about 1350°C. Many small balls of liquid steel with different carbon content were found in molten slag pool of FeO-saturated silica, so-called "Noro", and cohere each other to grow into a bloom. The characteristics of Tatara steelmaking process are low temperature for carbon absorption of steel at about 1350°C, high oxygen potential in the molten slag of FeO-saturated silica and hypo-eutectic carbon content in steel.