著者
宮坂 覺 Satoru Miyasaka フェリス女学院大学 文学部(教員)
出版者
フェリス女学院大学
雑誌
フェリス女学院大学文学部紀要 (ISSN:09165959)
巻号頁・発行日
no.46, pp.451-477, 2011-03

第12回東北アジアキリスト者文学会議(2009年8月28日、韓国、龍仁市、Ross記念館)においての口頭発表の内容に新たに追記したものフェリス女学院創立140周年記念号
著者
田村 誠志 白石 優旗
出版者
一般社団法人電子情報通信学会
雑誌
電子情報通信学会技術研究報告 = IEICE technical report : 信学技報 (ISSN:09135685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.114, no.512, pp.29-32, 2015-03-13

聴覚障がい者は,健聴者と比較して,文章を読み取る際に意味を正確に捉えることが困難な事例が多く見られる.一方,既存の手話辞典には写真や絵を記載しているだけで,手話の空間的な特徴を捉えておらず,手話学習者が手話のイメージを構築することは困難である.そこで手話の空間的特徴を考慮した書記法を開発し,手話を書記言語に変換する.手話を元にした書記法ならば,聴覚障がい者の情報保障の質の向上を図ることができる.更に,本書記法を用いることで,手話学習者も手話を容易に学ぶことが期待できる.
著者
小澤 孝夫 吉川 昌孝 田辺 浩行 水谷 誠彦
出版者
一般社団法人電子情報通信学会
雑誌
電子情報通信学会技術研究報告. PRMU, パターン認識・メディア理解 (ISSN:09135685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.99, no.709, pp.63-68, 2000-03-16
参考文献数
12

手話辞典には, 日本語の単語ごとに対応する手話動作(手の動き、指の形等)を説明する文章およびイラスト図(人物線画像)が掲載されている.この研究では、このイラスト付き説明文から, 仮想3次元空間においてバァーチュアル・パペットが行う手話アニメーションを自動的に作成するシステムを試作している.説明文に対しては手の動作と指の形等を求める言語解析, イラスト図に対しては手の領域と指の形等を求める画像解析を行い, これら2つの解析結果を総合して手話動作を構成するというマルチモーダル情報処理により手話アニメーションを構成する.説明文の言語解析あるいはイラスト図の画像解析には、手話動作の説明あるいはイラストであるという特殊性を考慮し、能率よい手法を用いている。
著者
宮下 直
出版者
日本森林学会
雑誌
日本森林学会誌 (ISSN:13498509)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.90, no.5, pp.321-326, 2008 (Released:2009-01-20)
参考文献数
22

クモ類は陸上生態系を代表するジェネラリスト捕食者であり,その約半数の種は植物上や地表に網を張って生活する造網性である。造網性クモ類は,捕食様式や生息場所が多様なうえに,餌や棲み場所の資源量や個体数などの把握が容易であるため,シカによるインパクトの研究には大変好都合な材料である。著者らは房総半島で,シカが森林の造網性クモ類に影響を与える仕組みや,クモの密度変化が餌昆虫に及ぼす影響を明らかにした。植生上のクモ類はシカ密度とともに減少したが,それには餌条件ではなく造網足場である下層植生の減少が効いていた。また造網性クモ類に寄生するイソウロウグモ類では,減少率がさらに顕著であった。一方,地表のリター上に造網するクモ類では,シカがいると増加する傾向があった。これは,地表の植物被度の減少が地表性種にとってはプラスに働いていることが原因と考えられた。さらに,シカの増加による植生上のクモ類の減少は,土壌由来の飛翔性昆虫類を増加させることがわかった。今後,こうした相互作用連鎖を理論面から一般化する試みが重要であろう。
著者
高野 太輔
出版者
一般社団法人 日本オリエント学会
雑誌
オリエント (ISSN:00305219)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.2, pp.133-147, 2002 (Released:2010-03-12)

In 76 A. H./695 A. D., a Kharijite leader, Salih b. Musarrih al-Tamimi rebelled against the Umayyads in the region of Dara with the horsemen under the command of Shabib b. Yazid al-Shaybani. Although Salih was killed in the early stage of the revolt, Shabib succeeded him and led the remnants of the Kharijite forces through the region of al-'Iraq. The men who followed Shabib numbered barely over one hundred, because the “Kharijite” forces were mainly made up of his own tribesmen, Banu Shayban, in spite of their summoning the other Arabs to the faith. Al-Hajjaj b. Yusuf al-Thaqafi, the notorious governor of al-'Iraq, sent the Kufan troops one after another against Shabib whose army defeated all of them and rushed into the city of al-Kufah, killing those who prayed at the great mosque, and moved away up to the eastern mountainous district. In the next year the Kharijites invaded al-'Iraq again, defeated the army of fifty thousand men under the command of ‘Attab b. Warqa’ and camped outside the city of al-Kufah, facing al-Hajjaj himself there. But the Syrian troops who were sent by the caliph 'Abd al-Malik pushed them back and made Shabib drowned in his crossing the river of Dujayl at the end of 77/697.For all that the Kharijite rebels were regarded as fanatic extremists from the viewpoint of later Sunni Islam, the Arabic sources which narrate the course of the revolt seem to glorify them as mighty horsemen and fearless soldiers. This is because Shabib rebelled against the Umayyads, the enemy of the 'Abbasids who would overcome them and build a new dynasty under which the remaining Arabic chronicles and biographies were written.
著者
林 善茂
出版者
日本文化人類学会
雑誌
民族學研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.3, pp.204-208, 1956

The agriculture of the Ainus was very primitive and extentive, but the cultivation was undertaken not so carelessly as nothing was done about cropmanagement. The Ainus made fences around their fields to protect them from the depredations of deer. These fences were called "toikochashikaru" or "toitachashi" in Aino. Until about seventy or eighty years ago, there were many deer throughout Hokkaido. In those early days, herds of deer rather than destructive insects were the cause of great damage to crops. The produce of a year was often ruined by deer in one night or almost even in one hour. Under such circumstances, it was necessary, in order to protect crops, to make fences so as to prevent destruction by deer. The Ainus not only made fences around their fields, but also stuck into the fences two or three stakes so as to cause the deer to stab themselves. These stakes were called "isoushini" in Aino. The stakes were not stuck into the fence at the time of erection, but after the deer had once jumped over the fence. The Ainus believed that deer had a habit of passing over the same course and of jumping in at the same place repeatedly. The stakes were therefore inserted after selecting a suitable position and angle to stab the breast of the deer which had previously jumped into the enclosure. Thus, the Ainus were very eager to prevent the incursions by the deer. Nevertheless, they had no understanding of manuring to promote the growth of crops, so they did not manure their fields at all. Moreover, they objected to the practice. It should be noted, however, that they did resort to magic to promote the growth of crops. This magic was called "pipetunika" in Aino. Before seeds were planted, they mixed them with bird's eggs or chopped leaves of parasites. They did so not for fertilizing but for magical purposes. In addition to this, there were various forms of magic for to ensure rich harvests and for the prevention of damage by animals. The Ainus believed that their fields would have rich harvests if they possessed bird's nests or snake's exuviae as charms. And, they forecast by the songs of cuckoos or reedwarblers whether the harvest of the year would be abundant or not. There were other forms of magic to prevent damage by animals. The Ainus prevented hares from spoiling crops in the fields by using the corpse of a hawk or an eagle as a scarecrow. They also prevented wood・mice from spoiling the roots of crops by offering them "sake" and "inau". Lastly, we must mention something about weeding. The Ainus were not indifferent to weeding, but were apt to neglect it. Their agriculture was so extensive that it was not necessary for them to weed regularly. From the above, we may see the outlines of cropmanagement the Ainus practised. Accordingly, we can understand that the Ainus although very careless so far as manuring and weeding were concerned, had nevertheless, some techniques to prevent damage by deer and magic to promote the growth of crops. Rational techniques and irrational magic were united together in the agriculture of the Ainus. Herein lies the greatest characteristic of the crop-management of the Ainus.

1 1 1 1 OA 庶物類纂

著者
稲生宣義
出版者
巻号頁・発行日
vol.[76],
著者
田中 茂樹
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
法と政治 (ISSN:02880709)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.3, pp.493-520, 1982-11-15

1. Preface 2. Being legally obliged and Legal Obligation 3. The Recognition of Legal Obligation 4. Obligation and Sanction or Coercion 5. The Binding Character of Obligatory Rule and Ought In this essay I shall examine a new theory on legal obligation, which is presented by Professor H. L. A. Hart and the Ordinary Language School. Japanese legal philosophy has received and criticized H. Kelsen's notion of Ought (Sollen). So Hart's attempt to reconstruct Kelsen's notion of Ought and Basic Norm (Grundnorm) is fresh and interesting. But Hart's notion of legal obligation is not so clear to elucidate the relation between coercive force and legal obligation in a legal system.
出版者
ベースボール・マガジン社
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33(41), no.1118, 1978-08
著者
堀口 友一
出版者
The Association of Japanese Geographers
雑誌
地理学評論 (ISSN:00167444)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2-5, pp.42-49, 1950-05-31 (Released:2008-12-24)
参考文献数
6

Study of the medical geography is done by making clear the relation of the pathogenic complex of human beings, their natural environment and germs. In this case a human being is considered as a general idea which includes individual bodies and society. Distribution of the death and case of dysentery in Japan shows a high rate in the area from Kanto to the north Kyushu districts and a low rate in the various basins in the Central Japan, Hokuriku, Tohoku and Hokkaido districts, according to the average statistics of the years 1930_??_1935 and 1933_??_1944. Contrary to this distribution, in the years 1046_??_1947 shows a high rate-in the rural districts. These distributions are made by the pathogenic complex of the natural terms such as tempeatur-e, water system, flies and others, various other terms such as constitution, Bazillenträger, industry, the density of population and sanitary conditions, and the various terms of the dyscnt ery bacillus, which are all the cause of the disease. The condition of the complex is different in areas and. has a close relation with the chara cteristics of areas. The coefficient of correlation of the case and the po pulation rate of cities is +0.577. The cause that the rate is generally i high in cities is owing to the fact that their social terms have affected the complex very much. The reason that a high rate was shown in rural districts in the years 1946_??_1947 is considered to be on . account of the influence of the war.
著者
Ahn Mi-Jeong Bae Ji Young Mikage Masayuki Park Jong Hee
出版者
Medical and Pharmaceutical Society for WAKAN-YAKU = 和漢医薬学会
雑誌
和漢医薬学雑誌 (ISSN:18801447)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.5, pp.204-209, 2010

韓国民間薬 「Da-Rae-Jul-Ki」 は, 排尿障害, 脳卒中, 胃腸カタル, 急性胃炎, 胃癌などに使用される。 その基源は一般にマタタビ科マタタビ属植物の小枝であるとされるが, これまで確証がなかった。 そこで, 韓国や日本に生育する本属植物, <I>Actinidia arguta</I> (サルナン), <I>A. arguta</I> var. <I>rufinervis</I>, A. <I>kolomikta</I> (ミヤママタタビ), <I>A. polygama</I> (マタタビ), および <I>A. rufa</I> (ナシカズラ) の枝を比較組織学的に検討した。 その結果, 検討した 5 分類群はコルク層の細胞層数, コルク細胞の大きさ, 一次皮層の幅に対する二次皮層の幅の比, 纖維束間の石細胞の有無, およびその大きさ, 分泌道の形, 導管や髄柔細胞の大きさなどの違いにより区別され, Da-Rae-Jul-Ki は <I>A. arguta</I> の小枝であることを確証した。
著者
Matsunaga Kentaro Oizumi Hiroaki Kaneyama Koji Shiraishi Gousuke Matsumaro Kazuyuki Santillan Julius Joseph Itani Toshiro
出版者
フォトポリマー学会
雑誌
Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology (ISSN:09149244)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.5, pp.613-618, 2010

Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography is the leading candidate for the manufacture of semiconductor devices at the hp 22 nm technology node and beyond. The Selete program covers the evaluation of manufacturability for the EUV lithography process. Then, we have begun a yield analysis of hp 2x nm test chips using the EUV1 (Nikon) full-field exposure tool. However, the resist performance does not yet meet the stringent requirements for resolution limit, sensitivity, and line width roughness. We reported on Selete standard resist 4 (SSR4) at the EUVL Symposium in 2009. Although it has better lithographic performance than SSR3 does, pattern collapse limits the resolution to hp 28 nm. To improve the resolution, we need to optimize the process so as to prevent pattern collapse. An evaluation of SSR4 for the hp 2x nm generation revealed that a thinner resist and the use of a tetrabutylammonium hydroxide (TBAH) solution for the developer were effective in mitigating this problem. Furthermore, the use of an underlayer and an alternative rinse solution increased the exposure latitude by preventing pattern collapse when the resist is overexposed. These optimizations improved the resolution limit to hp 22 nm.

1 1 1 1 OA 埋樋水門

巻号頁・発行日
vol.第4冊, 1000
著者
木村 陽介 山本 共夫 草塩 英治 前田 伸子
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF ORAL THERAPEUTICS AND PHARMACOLOGY
雑誌
歯科薬物療法 (ISSN:02881012)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.36, no.1, pp.9-14, 2017 (Released:2017-04-20)
参考文献数
18

Changes in the amount and physical properties of dental plaques were investigated in the oral cavity in which the oral fungal population was maintained at a low level by the long-term use of an antifungal agent as a mouthwash. For the antifungal agent used as a mouthwash, amphotericin B (AMPH-B), which specifically acts on fungi without influencing bacteria and is unlikely to be absorbed from the oral cavity or gastrointestinal mucosa, was selected. For the index of the fungal level in the oral cavity, Candida indigenous to the oral cavity was selected. We paid attention to time-course changes in the Candida count and the amount of dental plaques and its physical properties observed by palpation using a dental probe and macroscopically.The long-term use of the AMPH-B-containing mouthwash for 4 months or longer reduced the oral Candida count with time, confirming that the count can be maintained at a low level by continued use of the mouthwash. In addition, dental plaques macroscopically decreased as the Candida count decreased, and the physical properties the dental plaques also changed. Although the quantitative and qualitative influences of fungi in the oral cavity on dental plaques have not been investigated, it was clarified that long-term gargling with AMPH-B reduced the oral fungal level, which may have quantitatively and qualitatively changed dental plaques, i.e., microorganisms constituting the indigenous microbial flora in the oral cavity.Dental plaques show latent pathogenicity. In addition to the fact that causative microorganisms of the 2 major oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal disease, are present in dental plaques, the causative microorganisms of aspiration pneumonia, which is a major issue in the elderly, are also present. Thus, reduction of the amount of dental plaques may be beneficial for the health of the oral cavity as well as the whole body.
著者
金森 雅夫 鈴木 みずえ 田中 操
出版者
一般社団法人 日本老年医学会
雑誌
日本老年医学会雑誌 (ISSN:03009173)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, no.2, pp.214-218, 2002-03-25 (Released:2009-11-24)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
30 or 0

高齢者が定期的にペット型ロボットAIBOとの活動に参加することで Quality of Life, 孤独感などに何らかの影響を及ぼしたと考えられるので報告する.施設高齢者では, AIBO活動中の評価の1回目と20回目を比較すると「発語」,「感情語」,「満足度」が有意に上昇していた (p<0.05). AKO孤独感尺度は3.33 (±2.16) から1.00 (±1.26) と有意に減少していた. SF-36のAIBO活動前後の比較を示したが, 日常役割機能 (身体) (RP) は活動前と比べると活動後が有意に上昇していた. カテコラミン濃度変化と相関する唾液 Chromogranin A (CgA) では, ロボット活動の対象群は活動直前と比べると有意に低下していた (p<0.01).症例1: 女性, 68歳, 慢性関節リウマチ, AKO孤独感尺度が減少し, 心がやすらぐと訴えた.症例2: 女性, 74歳, 頚椎骨軟骨症, AKO孤独感尺度が5点から2点と減少した. 他の入所者とのトラブルで塞ぎ込んでいたが, 後半はロボット活動に積極的に参加した.症例3: 男性, 84歳, 脳梗塞による体幹機能障害, AKO孤独感尺度は6点から1点と減少, ロボットと一緒に歌うなど表情が明るくなった. 家庭の親子間の会話の量が非常に増えた.以上の結果からペットロボットは動物と違い細菌感染の危険が全くないため, 医療機関では無菌室, ICU,痴呆病棟, 小児病棟における動物介在療法の代償として, あるいはロボット技術の進歩によってさらに別の心理社会療法として活用される可能性が示唆された.