著者
岡部 祐介 友添 秀則 春日 芳美
出版者
一般社団法人 日本体育学会
雑誌
体育学研究 (ISSN:04846710)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1203240225, (Released:2012-04-03)
参考文献数
40

Konjo is the willpower necessary to endure suffering, and for making an effort, having become a word in daily use in society, as well as in sports. The purpose of this study was to clarify the opportunity and the factors responsible for the transformation of konjo in Japanese society in the 1960s. Our study focused on three points: 1) Clarifying how the meaning of the word konjo changed in the 1960s, from its dictionary definition and usage in newspaper articles. 2) Clarifying the situation in which konjo became popular through the Tokyo Olympic Games, and its spread to the sports community and to society. 3) Considering the factors responsible for the transformation of konjo, and to propose a hypothesis that could account for it. Our conclusions were as follows: 1) The meaning of konjo evolved from a negative context of “a fundamental character and mindset with which a person is born” to a positive context of “a strong, resilient character that cannot be suppressed” and “a strong motivation to accomplish an aim” at the beginning of the 1960s. 2) Konjo was considered to the spiritual keynote for athletes at the Tokyo Olympic Games. Hirobumi Daimatsu's “konjo theory” had the persuasive reason by winning “Oriental Witches” championship at the Tokyo Olympics. In view of these factors, we considered that konjo was interpreted as a popularized moral virtue by society, and impacted on both education and popular culture. 3) We considered that the concept of konjo became transformed and was used to promote competitiveness in sports at the Tokyo Olympics as part of the strategy for “character building”. It also played a role in bolstering human resources that played a key role in economic development during the 1960s, and thus was of strategic value. The considerations listed above show that the Tokyo Olympic Games played an important role in the transformation of the concept of konjo in the 1960s.
著者
山口 哲生
出版者
日本サルコイドーシス/肉芽腫性疾患学会
雑誌
日本サルコイドーシス/肉芽腫性疾患学会雑誌 (ISSN:18831273)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.1, pp.7-10, 2014-10-10 (Released:2015-02-02)
参考文献数
7

サルコイドーシス治療において,抗菌薬,免疫抑制剤,吸入ステロイド薬は,各々有効率は低いものの明らかに有効な例が存在することは確かである.抗菌薬の中ではドキシサイクリンが最も使いやすく,隆起性の皮膚病変や筋肉病変などに有効性が高いが肺野病変やBHLにはほぼ無効である.メトトレキサートは単剤治療でも肺野病変やBHLにも有効な例がある.フルチカゾンの吸入は末梢型肺野病変例には無効であるが中枢型病変例では有効例がある.経口ステロイド治療では症例に応じて少量ステロイド,十分量ステロイド治療を使い分ける.本症の全身症状は,不定愁訴と考えずに本症特有の治療の対象となる病変と考えるべきであり,ステロイド薬や抗菌薬が有効な例がある.
著者
藤田 昌也 松見 淳子 平山 哲
出版者
一般社団法人日本認知・行動療法学会
雑誌
行動療法研究 (ISSN:09106529)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.37, no.3, pp.195-204, 2011-09-30

本研究は、最重度知的障害を伴う自閉症成人女性に対して、1時間単位の時計の読みと時系列の順序を指導した事例研究である。対象者は、28年間施設を入所利用し、)し2年から重症心身障害児施設を入所利用する41歳の最重度知的障害を伴う自閉症のある女性である。モデル提示、弁別訓練、プロンプトを用いた約30分の指導セッションを45試行、フォローアップを5試行実施した。介入の結果、アセスメントでは7以上の数字を読むことができなかった対象者が、段階的な指導を行うことにより1時間単位の時計の読みと時系列の順序を獲得することができた。3カ月半後のフォローアップでは時計の読みスキルの維持と他の時計への般化も確認された。本研究の結果から、段階的な行動的支援方法を用いることにより、最重度知的障害を伴う自閉症成人に対して、日常生活に応用可能な新たなスキルを形成できることが示された。
著者
永岡 美佳 藤田 博喜 中野 政尚 渡辺 均 住谷 秀一
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.48, no.2, pp.104-113, 2013 (Released:2014-03-06)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
1 1

Monthly deposition samples were collected at the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories located about 115 km south of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), and the radioactive nuclides were analyzed. Although radionuclides such as 131I, 129mTe-129Te and 132Te-132I with 134Cs and 137Cs were observed by gamma spectrometry at the early time of the Fukushima Daiichi NPP accident, only 134Cs and 137Cs were detected as of September 2011. The annual depositions of 134Cs and 137Cs were about 19,000 and 17,000 Bq m-2, respectively in March 2011-February 2012 after the accident. Moreover, 90Sr was detected in some samples. Monthly 90Sr deposition in March 2011 was 5.1 Bq m-2 month-1 and then decreased after that. On the other hand, 239, 240Pu concentration was the same level with the concentration before the accident.
著者
定方 晟
出版者
東海大学
雑誌
東海大学紀要. 文学部 (ISSN:05636760)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, pp.37-63, 2004-09-30

Nitta Yoshisada put an end to the Kamakura Shogunate in 1333. According to the chronicle Taiheiki, he started from the Ikushina shrine in the Gummma-prefecture. It is generally supposed that he marched directly southward, because that is the shortest way to Kamakura. In fact there are several local traditions in the areas to the southward of the Ikushina shrine. One tradition says that Yoshisada crossed the Tone-River at such and such a place and that there still exists a pine-tree to which Yoshisada attached the rope of his boat. Another tradition says that Yoshisada climbed a pine-tree to watch the camp of his enemy and that the pine-tree still exists. Recently, however, a new theory appeared according to which Yoshisada marched westward at first from the Ikushina shrine and, arriving at Yawata (near Takasaki city), he joined with allied armies and then marched southward. When we accept this theory, we can solve some important riddles and get a better understanding of the political situations of the epoch. This article has the aim of making known this theory. (Livshits/Nikitin 1994; Bader 1996: 265), the recent excavations unearthed some texts and the number of these texts will surely increase (see, for example, Morano 1996). The value of this work (Diakonoff/Livshits 1976-2001), however, never decreases. Below are my notes on it. Since it is far beyond my capability to review this vast work generally, I restrict myself here to the "reading" of the texts. First, I discuss the problematic phrase, MN NPSH tyrydt mzn 'sppty HWH, then look into other points.
著者
長谷川 章 ХАСЭГАВА Акира
出版者
秋田大学教育文化学部
雑誌
秋田大学教育文化学部研究紀要 人文科学・社会科学 = Memoirs of Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University. The humanities & the social sciences (ISSN:24334979)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, pp.69-75, 2018-02-23

О персонах советской анимации, как Чебурашка, Карлсон, Винни-Пух, русскими и зарубежными зрителями часто указываются свойственное настроение, как грусть, заброшенность. Автор раньше попробовал объяснить о причинах такого настроения с точек зрения одиночества детей, живущих в 60-70-ые годы, и чувств разочарования шестидесятников, которые нашли надежду в оттепели. В настоящей статье автор снова пересматривает о связи между анимацией и советским обществом, включая рассмотрение о вопросах идентичности еврейских аниматоров, которые американский исследователь Кац недавно ставит в своей монографии « Закрывать занавеску: Евреи и золотой век советской анимации »(2016).
著者
佐藤 寛之
出版者
一般社団法人 日本応用数理学会
雑誌
応用数理 (ISSN:24321982)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.1, pp.21-30, 2017 (Released:2017-06-30)
参考文献数
29

This paper deals with Riemannian optimization, that is, optimization on Riemannian manifolds. Theories of Euclidean optimization and Riemannian manifolds are first briefly reviewed together with some simple and motivating examples, followed by the Riemannian optimization theory. Retractions and vector transports on Riemannian manifolds are introduced according to the literature to describe a general Riemannian optimization algorithm. Recent convergence analysis results of several types of Riemannian conjugate gradient methods, such as Fletcher-Reeves and Dai-Yuan-types, are then given and discussed in detail. Some applications of Riemannian optimization to problems of current interest, such as 1)singular value decomposition in numerical linear algebra; 2)canonical correlation analysis and topographic independent component analysis as statistical methods; 3)low-rank tensor completion for machine learning; 4)optimal model reduction in control theory; and 5)doubly stochastic inverse eigenvalue problem, are also introduced.
著者
高野 裕佑 半谷 眞七子 立松 三千子 中村 千賀子 阿部 恵子 藤崎 和彦 亀井 浩行
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬学会
雑誌
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI (ISSN:00316903)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.135, no.12, pp.1387-1395, 2015 (Released:2015-12-01)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
1

We performed a survey of cancer patients' needs for drug treatment and support from pharmacists during treatment and evaluated the support that cancer patients can expect from community pharmacists in the future. The patients consisted of 16 members of the Cancer Patient Association in Aichi prefecture who underwent chemotherapy. The results of a semistructured group interview were qualitatively analyzed using the grounded theory method. Patients undergoing chemotherapy had high hopes for its effectiveness but were worried about side effects and medical costs. To overcome these problems, they hoped for a decrease in the economic burden, compassionate-use system, and development of novel drugs. The patients had anxiety because the side effects of chemotherapy often caused physical and psychological damage. Despite patients' confusion, pharmacists sometimes did not give adequate explanations to them. The patients expected more from pharmacists regarding medication support and hoped for a system allowing continuous side effect monitoring and consultation without hesitation. For patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy who are confused regarding side effects, pharmacists should understand the patient explanatory model and become more involved with patients as partners in treatment.
著者
藤村 宣之 太田 慶司
出版者
一般社団法人 日本教育心理学会
雑誌
教育心理学研究 (ISSN:00215015)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.50, no.1, pp.33-42, 2002-03-30 (Released:2013-02-19)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
7 1

本研究では, 算数の授業における他者との相互作用を通じて児童の問題解決方略がどのように変化するかを明らかにすることを目的とした。小学校5年生2クラスを対象に「単位量あたりの大きさ」の導入授業が, 児童の倍数関係の理解に依拠した指導法と従来の三段階指導法のいずれかを用いて同一教師により実施された。授業の前後に実施した速度や濃度などの内包量の比較課題と, 授業時のビデオ記録とワークシートの分析から, 以下の3点が明らかになった。1) 倍数関係の理解に依拠した指導法は従来の指導法に比べて, 授業時と同一領域の課題解決の点で有効性がみられた。2) 授業過程において他者が示した方法を意味理解したうえで自己の方略に利用した者には, 他者の方法を形式的に適用した者に比べて, 洗練された方略である単位あたり方略への変化が授業後に多くみられた。3) 授業時の解法の発表・検討場面における非発言者も, 発言者とほぼ同様に授業を通じて方略を変化させた。それらの結果をふまえて, 教授・学習研究の新しい方向性や方略変化の一般的特質などについて考察した。
著者
内藤 貴司 林 聡太郎
出版者
一般社団法人 日本体育学会
雑誌
体育学研究 (ISSN:04846710)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17070, (Released:2017-12-08)
参考文献数
63

Individuals with spinal cord injury have a reduced afferent input to the thermoregulation center and lack both sweating capacity and vasomotor control below the level of the spinal cord lesion. A loss of heat loss capacity results in an excessive rise in core temperature, which in turn decreases exercise performance and increases the risk of heat-related illness. To prevent hyperthermia and improve exercise performance during exercise in hot environments, a popular strategy, body cooling, has been proposed. However, despite the interest and vast array of research into cooling strategies for able-bodied humans, less is known about the application of these cooling strategies for individuals with thermoregulatory impairment due to spinal cord injury. The purpose of this review was to investigate effective cooling strategies for attenuating the increase in body temperature in humans with spinal cord injury exercising in a hot environment. Cooling strategies for individuals with spinal cord injury involve external cooling such as water immersion and use of sprays, and cooling garments and internal cooling by ingestion of cold fluid. We addressed the practical issues associated with each of these methods. We concluded from our review that external cooling has been criticized for its impracticality during sporting competitions, although water immersion and the application of cooling garments do reduce the core temperature in individuals with spinal cord injury. However, ice ingestion has recently received considerable interest in studies of able-bodied humans. Therefore, we propose that ice ingestion could be an effective strategy for individuals with spinal cord injury.

3 3 3 3 OA 速成支那語

著者
弘道館編輯部 編
出版者
弘道館
巻号頁・発行日
1938