著者
竹内 淑子 中坪 拓也 福居 篤子 藤井 隆太 田原 耕平 竹内 洋文
出版者
公益社団法人 日本薬剤学会
雑誌
薬剤学 (ISSN:03727629)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.3, pp.164-176, 2017-04-01 (Released:2017-05-01)
参考文献数
19

Flowability is one of the most important parameters of pharmaceutical powders during the handling and preparation of solid dosage forms. It is especially important to characterize the very poor flowability that some herbal powders show. In this study, the flowability of a traditional herbal powder formulated as an antitussive and expectorant was examined. This formulated herbal powder and two excipient powders, precipitated calcium carbonate and anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate, were evaluated using two instruments. A shearing test, a wall friction test and a dynamic flowability test were performed with Powder Rheometer FT4 (Freeman Technology, Tewkesbury, UK). Internal friction and wall friction were measured. BFE (basic flow energy), SI (stability index) and FRI (flow rate index) were also measured. Angle of repose, bulk density, tapped density, angle of spatula and cohesiveness were measured with a Powder Tester (Hosokawa Micron, Osaka, Japan). The results were used to calculate Carr's Index values and compressibility, which in turn revealed that this herbal powder had poor flowability.The other aim of this study was to develop a new method of evaluating the flowability of powder through a medicine spoon. Two evaluation methods, the spoon-tap test and the consecutive medicine spoon test, were developed to design a new medicine spoon for the herbal powder. The results of these tests indicated that a polyethylene medicine spoon with holes at the bottom could reduce the adhesiveness to a medicine spoon of the formulated herbal powder.
著者
岡部 正勝
出版者
国立研究開発法人 科学技術振興機構
雑誌
情報管理 (ISSN:00217298)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.59, no.10, pp.683-689, 2017-01-01 (Released:2017-01-01)
参考文献数
4

インターネットの利便性をこれまでになく享受し,ネット上に拡散する情報の力が革新的な発想を後押しすることも多い21世紀初頭は,同時に情報漏えいや権利侵害,依存といった弊害や危うさを露呈し始めた時代でもある。不可視だが確実に存在する脅威,ネットにつながっているゆえの不自由さをも見極める必要がある。現代の環境を冷静に認識し,今起きていることに対してどうふるまうべきか。現代思想・法曹・警察行政・迎撃技術・情報工学・サイバーインテリジェンス等のスペシャリストが,6回に分けて考える。第3回は警察庁から慶應義塾大学に出向中の岡部正勝氏が,サイバー犯罪捜査,検挙による抑止努力,犯罪拡大防止のための国際連携の最新状況をとおして,日本の警察の奮戦の実態を解説する。
著者
南 保輔
出版者
成城大学
雑誌
コミュニケーション紀要 (ISSN:02887843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.1-76, 2008-03

Tetsuko Kuroyanagi has been a hostess of a TV talk show, Tetsuko's Room, for more than thirty years. In order to provide a demonstrative description of Tetsuko's skills as a talk show hostess, a comparison is made between this program and another one broadcast by NHK, Hello from Studio Park. Three shows from the two programs are compared, each pair of shows having the same guest. For each of the three paired shows, the portions dealing with the "same" topic are chosen and transcribed for analysis. When a singer and actor, Tetsuya Takeda, was a guest, he replayed interchanges which mark some moments of his career as an entertainer. While at Hello, Tetsuya replayed these interchanges without prompting from the hosts, however, at Room, Tetsuko made focused attempts to solicit a specific exchange that included the words of encouragement of Tetsuya's wife who worked to keep their spirits high while they were struggling economically. Tetsuko's personal knowledge and memory about the guest seem critical to eliciting this exchange. When a speed skater and Olympic bronze medalist, Tomomi Okazaki, was a guest, the size of her thighs was one of major topics. In both shows, the hostess touched her thigh. While the hostess of Hello just rubbed, Tetsuko slapped Okazaki's thigh twentyeight times. She made slapping sounds that could be heard by the audience so as to show how "good" Okazaki's muscles are. Tetsuko even slapped her own thighs to make a contrast. Although Tetsuko's superior skills usually work well and make the talk interesting and enjoyable, she remained silent while Mami Yamase changed styles of the clothes of her designing from skirts to pants. Pauses of few seconds long were heard while watching Yamase change styles. Because the audience was distracted during the time Yamase was changing styles, the length of the pauses was not as noticeable as it might have been otherwise. Still, the fact that Tetsuko did not talk for that long stood out. Comparisons of the same guests talking about the "same" topics have provided several important findings. First, Tetsuko Kuroyanagi has superior skills of eliciting interesting stories from her guests. Second, however, even Tetsuko is sometimes forced to remain silent while the talk show guest engages in preparatory activities. Third, therefore, "chattiness" should not be attributed to a person but should be considered an attribute of the situation.
著者
菅間 博
出版者
日本内分泌外科学会・日本甲状腺外科学会
雑誌
日本内分泌・甲状腺外科学会雑誌 (ISSN:21869545)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.4, pp.281-286, 2013 (Released:2014-01-31)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
1

小児甲状腺癌を理解するために必要な基礎事項を整理するとともに,福島原発事故以前に日本国内の多施設で手術された小児甲状腺癌を集計し,チェルノブイリ原発事故後の小児甲状腺癌と比較した。甲状腺癌の発症は女児の二次性徴がはじまる9歳位から認められ,20歳以下の甲状腺癌185例のうち15歳以下の小児の症例が39例あった。成人同様に女性に多いが,年齢が低いほど性差は少なくなる。小児に特徴的な甲状腺癌の組織型としては,びまん性硬化型乳頭癌DSPCと,充実型乳頭癌があげられる。DSPCは臨床的には橋本病との鑑別が問題となるが,その病理学的な本質は甲状腺の癌性リンパ管症とびまん性リンパ球浸潤と考えられる。充実型乳頭癌はチェルノブイリ原発事故に注目されたが,放射線被曝と関連のない国内でも若年者にみられる。病理組織学的に低分化癌との鑑別が問題となるが,臨床的に治療方針に違いがあることから,区別する必要がある。
著者
Yasuyuki Okumura Nobuo Sakata Hisateru Tachimori Tadashi Takeshima
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20180066, (Released:2018-09-22)
参考文献数
35

Background: Understanding the area-specific resource use of inpatient psychiatric care is essential for the efficient use of the public assistance system. This study aimed to assess the geographical variation in psychiatric admissions and to identify the prefecture-level determinants of psychiatric admissions among recipients of public assistance in Japan.Methods: We identified all recipients of public assistance who were hospitalized in a psychiatric ward in May 2014, 2015, or 2016 using the Fact-finding Survey on Medical Assistance. The age- and sex-standardized number of psychiatric admissions was calculated for each of the 47 prefectures, using direct and indirect standardization methods.Results: A total of 46,559 psychiatric inpatients were identified in May 2016. The number of psychiatric admissions per 100,000 population was 36.6. We found a 7.1-fold difference between the prefectures with the highest (Nagasaki) and lowest (Nagano) numbers of admissions. The method of decomposing explained variance in the multiple regression model showed that the number of psychiatric beds per 100,000 population and the number of recipients of public assistance per 1,000 population were the most important determinants of the number of psychiatric admissions (R2 = 28% and R2 = 23%, respectively). The sensitivity analyses, using medical cost as the outcome and data from different survey years and subgroups, showed similar findings.Conclusions: We identified a large geographical variation in the number and total medical cost of psychiatric admissions among recipients of public assistance. Our findings should encourage policy makers to assess the rationale for this variation and consider strategies for reducing it.

46 1 1 1 OA 殖民地便覧

著者
内閣拓殖局 編
出版者
内閣拓殖局
巻号頁・発行日
vol.昭和3年, 1929
著者
河上 繁樹
出版者
関西学院大学
雑誌
人文論究 (ISSN:02866773)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.3, pp.1-14, 2002-12-10
著者
加藤 慶
出版者
目白大学
雑誌
目白大学総合科学研究 (ISSN:1349709X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.25-34, 2008

What is "Queer" man's school life? This study examines what his school life is through analyzing of his life story. This study was conducted at 2007/06 using a series of life story interview with a "Queer" man. As a result of the analysis, Why was he used violence? Because he doesn't have Masculinity.
著者
小西 瑞恵
出版者
大阪樟蔭女子大学
雑誌
大阪樟蔭女子大学研究紀要 (ISSN:21860459)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.3-14, 2011-01-31

中世の大阪地域で活躍した武士団の実像を、河内水走氏と摂津渡辺党・渡辺氏について実証した。中世後期の武士団を検討するという第一の課題については、畿内型武士団としての水走氏や渡辺氏が、南北朝時代には南朝方や北朝方に帰属しながら、室町時代には幕府の守護領国体制に組み込まれていく過程を、あきらかにできた。水走氏と渡辺党を比較するという第二の課題については、畿内型武士団としての特徴に基本的な相違はないが、水走氏は枚岡神社の祀官として江戸時代も中河内の名族としての地位を保ち、渡辺氏は豊臣秀吉の大坂城が築かれた頃、渡辺の地を離れて奈良に去るという違いについて、地域の歴史の違いとして検討を加えた。中世の国家機構を構成する朝廷・官衙や権門寺社と幕府に奉仕したのが、畿内型武士団としての水走氏や渡辺党であった。水走氏や渡辺氏が水軍・武士団として交通や流通機能を担ったことが、中世を通じて活躍した独自の強さの理由であり、また、近世に武士身分として生き残れなかった理由でもある。