著者
山口 二郎 中村 研一 宮脇 淳 宮本 太郎 遠藤 乾 新川 敏光
出版者
北海道大学
雑誌
学術創成研究費
巻号頁・発行日
2002 (Released:2002-04-01)

この研究では、1990年代後半から21世紀にかけて急速に進んだグローバル化による福祉国家の解体現象と、これに対する平等概念を基調とした対抗策について、考察した。まず、21世紀初頭に起こった日本的福祉国家の崩壊現象について、「リスクの社会化、個人化」と「普遍的政策、裁量的政策」という2つの軸を組み合わせることで、体系的な説明のモデルを作った。戦後日本では、補助金、護送船団方式など、裁量的政策によりリスクの社会化が図られており、そのことが結果的に疑似福祉国家的効果をもたらした。しかし、市場原理の浸透や透明性を求める市民社会の要求の中で裁量的政策と不可分に結びついていたリスクの社会化の政策まで否定され、新自由主義的構造改革が優勢となったと説明される。また、西欧において福祉国家のモデルが、90年代から21世紀にかけていかに変容、再生したかを比較の観点から考察し、日本に対する教訓を明らかにした。特に、イギリス、スウェーデンなどにおける社会的包摂(social inclusion)の概念を分析し、グローバル化時代における社会的排除(social exclusion)の弊害を明らかにすると共に、社会的包摂を実現するための政策の枠組みやこれを実施する主体について考察した。さらに、格差社会の到来という現状において、市民が政治や政策に何を期待するかについて、東京と北海道において大規模な意識調査を行なった。その結果、平等や公共サービスに関して、多少の地域差はあるものの、市民は格差の小さい社会を望み、充実した公共サービスを望んでいることが明らかとなった。この知見は、これからの福祉国家再生策の重要な基盤となる。
著者
亀井 尚美 赤峰 翔 大津 一弘
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 日本小児外科学会
雑誌
日本小児外科学会雑誌 (ISSN:0288609X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.52, no.1, pp.102-107, 2016-02-20 (Released:2016-02-20)
参考文献数
15

磁石玩具誤飲により緊急手術を要した2 例を経験したので報告する.症例1 は1 歳5 か月女児.近医にて2 個の異物(磁石)の存在を指摘,経過観察を指示され,誤飲33 時間後に当科紹介受診となった.内視鏡的摘出を試みたが,内視鏡所見より切迫穿孔が疑われ,開腹手術に移行した.胃切迫穿孔,小腸多発穿孔,腸間膜穿孔と診断,修復された.症例2 は5 歳2 か月男児.誤飲4 日後に当科紹介受診,レントゲン上9 個の異物(磁石)を認めた.内視鏡的摘出を試みたが術中所見より切迫穿孔と診断し,開腹手術へ移行した.開腹所見より胃十二指腸切迫穿孔と診断,修復された.誤飲した固形異物の多くは自然排出され良好な経過をたどるが,危険な異物誤飲もある.複数個誤飲された磁石は腸管壁を隔てて吸着し,腸管が圧挫されて穿孔または内瘻化を起こすことがある.複数個の磁性体の誤飲は,たとえ無症状でも手術を要する可能性があり,保存的経過観察は推奨されず,できるだけ早期に摘出すべきと考えられた.
著者
内山田 康 O'DAY ROBIN O'DAY Robin
出版者
筑波大学
雑誌
特別研究員奨励費
巻号頁・発行日
2014-04-25 (Released:2015-01-22)

From April 2016 to August 2016, Dr. O'Day did 4 months of ethnographic fieldwork and continued working with NG0s, Fukushima evacuees and activists working on the related issues. He worked with a group mothers who have evacuated from Fukushima to Tokyo with their children, a group of mothers who remained in Fukushima after the nuclear accident, a group of volunteers that identify themselves as “supporters” of those evacuees, a peace movement of women called “Mothers Against War”, and another student peace and pro-democracy movement called Student Emergency Action for Liberal Democracy (SEALDs). In addition, Dr. O'Day also engaged in participant observation research at political demonstrations, community events, and by volunteering in some disaster reconstruction projects.
著者
Shun-ichiro HIRANO Tetsuya FUJIMOTO Hiroshi INOUE Kenji UCHIHASHI Yasuo NISHIKAWA
出版者
Osaka Odontological Society
雑誌
Journal of Osaka Dental University (ISSN:04752058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.151-156, 2017-10-25 (Released:2018-01-25)
参考文献数
13

The seating location in the classroom is thought to have a close relationship to the aca­ demic performance of each student. However, as teachers taking part in higher educa­ tion, we know that "common sense" must give way to many exceptional cases. To verify the truth of this widely held belief, we recorded the students' seating locations at a den­ tal hygiene college for many years, and correlated this information with their academic performance. As the rooms in which they were taught were identical, and the seating ar­ rangements were consistent throughout the years, it allowed us to analyze the data in a single environment. Many studies have reported that although students with poor grades sit in "low interaction" seats, students with good grades do not select "high interaction"seats, but rather prefer to occupy "moderate interaction" seats. Average or middle stu­ dents tended to have no favored location. We were not able to correlate each student's academic performance with her preferred seating location, especially in the case of high performing students. However, the pre­ ferred seating location for students with poor grades tended to follow commonly ac­ cepted norms which have been described in many reports. Our findings suggest that stu­ dents who are at risk of failing could be determined by where they sit in the classroom. This helps to identify the potentially unsuccessful candidates, and permits remedial ac­ tion at an early stage. (J Osaka Dent Univ 2017; 51: 151­-156)
著者
村山 綾 三浦 麻子
出版者
The Japanese Psychological Association
雑誌
心理学研究 (ISSN:00215236)
巻号頁・発行日
(Released:2015-01-15)
参考文献数
35

This study defined Belief in Just World (BJW) multidimensionally and investigated the effects of Belief in Immanent Justice (BIJ) and Belief in Ultimate Justice (BUJ) on victim derogation and draconian punishment of perpetrators. Study 1 tested the validity of the multidimensional structure of BJW and demonstrated relationships between BJW and other psychological variables. In Study 2, we measured the reactions to the victim and perpetrator in an injury case reported in a news article, and evaluated the relationships of these reactions to BIJ and BUJ. The results revealed that BIJ was associated with a preference in draconian punishment of the perpetrator, while BUJ was associated with dissociation from the victim (a type of victim derogation). In addition, as hypothesized, we found that dehumanization of the perpetrator partially mediated the relationship between BIJ and victim derogation. We discussed relationships between the two types of BJW and just-world maintenance strategies in the situation where a victim and a perpetrator are both recognized.
著者
松原 哲子
出版者
実践女子大学
雑誌
實踐國文學 (ISSN:03899756)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, pp.110-138, 2008-10

71 11 4 1 OA 海上保安の現況

出版者
海上保安庁
巻号頁・発行日
vol.昭和34年, 0000
著者
古澤 直人 Furusawa Naoto
出版者
法政大学経済学部学会
雑誌
経済志林 (ISSN:00229741)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.3, pp.129-187, 2013-03

The accepted theory about the Heiji Disturbance has been rejected timeand again sincethe 1980s, especially in 2004 and afterwards by Mr. Yasuo Motoki. The first aim of this monograph is to test Mr. Yasuo Motoki's theory. The second is to investigate the formation of the motives behind the Yoshitomo Rebellion in the Heiji Disturbance. (1) As a result ofverifying and evaluating the historical context, the Motoki theory proved tobe mistaken. The prize to Yoshitomo should be estimated as being "too small". (2) The account in "Gukansyo (愚管抄)" of Yoshitomo is reliable, and when we consider Yoshitomo's rebellion, we should think of the problem betweenYoshitomo and Kiyomori (清盛) not as being between individuals but rather as a problem between <families>, and must fully respect "Gukansyo". (3)Speaking of the marriage issue between the Yoshitomo family, the Kiyomori family andthe Sinzei (信西) family,Yoshitomo proposed to the 3rd son of the Sinzei family, but was rejected by Sinzei. After that, Yoshitomo was immediately confronted with a marriage between the Sinzei and Kiyomori families. This incident damaged Yoshitomo's self-respectand this is presumed to have greatly increased Yoshitomo's hostility towards both Sinzei and Kiyomori. (4) Although there had been clear differences between the Yoshitomo and Kiyomori families before the Hougen Disturbance, these differences spread steadily after the Hougen Disturbance in spite of Yoshitomo's acts of courage. It is presumed that Yoshitomo held the view that the situation with regard to the Kiyomori family could not be recovered through the usual means.
著者
森 茂暁
出版者
福岡大学
雑誌
福岡大學人文論叢 (ISSN:02852764)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.42, no.3, pp.943-1001, 2010-12
著者
永田 浩一 田尻 久雄 光島 徹 歌野 健一 高林 健 渡辺 直輝 赤羽 麻奈 加藤 貴司 平山 眞章
出版者
一般社団法人 日本消化器内視鏡学会
雑誌
日本消化器内視鏡学会雑誌 (ISSN:03871207)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.3, pp.435-444, 2013 (Released:2013-05-21)
参考文献数
33

【目的】大腸3D-CTを用いて日本人とアメリカ人の大腸の長さを比較した.【対象】50歳以上の日本人とアメリカ人650名ずつ,合計1,300名を対象とした.【結果】全対象における全大腸の長さの平均は日本人とアメリカ人でそれぞれ154.7cm,158.2cm,(p値:0.003,効果量:0.17),S状結腸と直腸を合計した長さの平均はそれぞれ63.3cm,62.5cm,(p値:0.23,効果量:0.07)であった.世代別では,50歳代で全大腸の長さの平均は日本人とアメリカ人でそれぞれ153.2cm,155.6cm,60歳代で155.2cm,159.3cm,70歳代で161.8cm,165.2cmで,日米ともに世代が上がるにつれて有意に長くなった.【結論】日本人とアメリカ人の大腸の長さの差に実質的効果はみられずほぼ同等である.一方,日米ともに世代が上がるにつれて全大腸の長さは長くなる.
著者
小澤 京子
出版者
和洋女子大学
雑誌
和洋女子大学紀要 = The journal of Wayo Women's University (ISSN:18846351)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.58, pp.37-48, 2018-03-31

In Japanese literature and art created during the age of modernism (1920s–1930s), the fantastic and supernatural events began to occur late at night in the middle of Japan’s modern cities, especially Tokyo. This was clearly contrasting the ghost or horror story of preceding era, in which the supernatural phenomena occur during the daytime in the deep mountains or dense forests remote from the town. This essay examines how this new tendency in literary fantasies—the ephemeral and surreal events of the urban nighttime — is inspired by the alternations in nocturnal lifestyle (e.g., night theater, cabaret, nocturnal stroll in the city) accompanying the urbanization after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923. They reflect the changes in perceptions due to some technological innovations, such as streetlamps, electric illuminations, motorcars, trains, telephones, and especially, the cinema. The surreal visions and the real cityscapes often interpenetrate and are reversed around the strolling body with unreliable perceptions. The urban nocturnal life’s novel experiences, unstable perceptions caused by new technologies, and the anxiety from the contrast between the traditional and the modern form the matrix of the novel nocturnal fantasies represented in the literature and illustrations of the modernism era.

23 1 1 1 OA 明治の海軍物語

著者
中島武 著
出版者
三友社
巻号頁・発行日
1938

21 1 1 1 OA 賤のおだまき

著者
著者不詳
出版者
市村丁四郎
巻号頁・発行日
1885
著者
福沢 健
出版者
中村学園大学
雑誌
流通科学研究 (ISSN:13469614)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, no.2, pp.64-54, 2007-03-31