著者
Tsutomu OMATSU Miki OMURA Yukie KATAYAMA Toru KIMURA Maho OKUMURA Atsushi OKUMURA Yoshiteru MURATA Tetsuya MIZUTANI
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
(Released:2018-04-11)

The intestinal microbiota was revealed with the recent advances in molecular techniques, such as high-throughput sequencing analysis. As a result, the microbial changes are thought to influence the health of humans and animals and such changes are affected by several factors including diet, genetics, age, sex, and diseases. Similar studies are being conducted in dogs, and the knowledge of intestinal microbiota in dogs is expanding. Nonetheless, basic information on intestinal microbiota in dogs is less than that of humans. Our aim was to study toy poodles (n=21), a popular companion dog, in terms of basic characteristics of the faecal microbiota by 16S rRNA gene barcoding analysis. In the faecal microbiota, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, and Fusobacteria were the dominant phyla (over 93.4% of faecal microbiota) regardless of the attributes of the dogs. In family level, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteroidaceae, and Lachnospiraceae were most prevalent. In case of a dog with protein-losing enteropathy, the diversity of faecal microbiota was different between before and after treatment. This study provides basic information for studying on faecal microbiota in toy poodles.
著者
冨岡 志保 下野 昌幸 加藤 絢子 高野 健一 塩田 直樹 高橋 幸利
出版者
一般社団法人 日本小児神経学会
雑誌
脳と発達 (ISSN:00290831)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.40, no.1, pp.42-46, 2008-01-01 (Released:2011-12-12)
参考文献数
9

全般性けいれんの後に発熱, 頭痛, 項部硬直が持続した16歳男児.ごく軽度の意識低下, 脳波で前頭葉に連続性棘徐波および髄液細胞数上昇, IgG indexの上昇とoligoclonal IgG band陽性を認めた.頭部MRIのFLAIR像で両側半球に散在する部分的灰白質の信号亢進が疑われた.髄膜脳炎と判断し, methylprednisolone pulse療法を実施したところ, 臨床症状と脳波異常は軽快した.髄液中の抗グルタミン酸受容体 (以下GluR) は入院時ε2・δ2に対するIgG・IgM抗体がともに陽性であり, 軽快時は両抗体がともに陰性となった.抗GluR抗体が陽性になる髄膜脳炎の中に, Rasmussen脳炎とは明らかに異なる経過をとり, 治療に反応する予後良好な一群が存在する可能性が強く示唆された.
著者
堀野 定雄
出版者
一般社団法人 日本人間工学会
雑誌
人間工学 (ISSN:05494974)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.Supplement1, pp.S254-S255, 2017-06-01 (Released:2017-09-07)
著者
清木昌
出版者
一般社団法人情報処理学会
雑誌
情報処理学会研究報告ゲーム情報学(GI) (ISSN:09196072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2004, no.28, pp.51-56, 2004-03-09
参考文献数
6

As an attempt to reduce the production costs of games with interactive stories using computer science methodologies this thesis proposes applying the model checking theory to game scenario verification. It enables systematic and automatic verification of consistency conditions such as reachability and freeness from infinite loops. The simplest model checking method enumerate all states explicitly. However as is well known the "state explosion problem" instantly occurs in this method. Thus we apply symbolic model checking techniques based on BDDs (Binary Decision Diagrams) and CTL (Computation Tree Logic) is adopted to represent specifications. By representing the state space symbolically we are able to deal with mass states are their relational operation as an logical formula and its logical operation. Nevertheless the computation time is still large. To reduce the time we focus on characteristics of game scenarios. The transition graph for a typical game scenario is divided into clusters more clearly than the ones for ordinary targets of model checking. The number of checked states is further reduced by the optimization with the live variable analysis. By using these methods we checked two temporal properties of a game scenario of commercial PC game software reachability and freeness from infinite loops in about five minutes.As an attempt to reduce the production costs of games with interactive stories using computer science methodologies, this thesis proposes applying the model checking theory to game scenario verification. It enables systematic and automatic verification of consistency conditions such as reachability and freeness from infinite loops. The simplest model checking method enumerate all states explicitly. However, as is well known, the "state explosion problem" instantly occurs in this method. Thus, we apply symbolic model checking techniques based on BDDs (Binary Decision Diagrams), and CTL (Computation Tree Logic) is adopted to represent specifications. By representing the state space symbolically, we are able to deal with mass states are their relational operation as an logical formula and its logical operation. Nevertheless, the computation time is still large. To reduce the time, we focus on characteristics of game scenarios. The transition graph for a typical game scenario is divided into clusters more clearly than the ones for ordinary targets of model checking. The number of checked states is further reduced by the optimization with the live variable analysis. By using these methods, we checked two temporal properties of a game scenario of commercial PC game software, reachability and freeness from infinite loops, in about five minutes.

71 11 4 0 OA 海上保安の現況

出版者
海上保安庁
巻号頁・発行日
vol.昭和34年, 0000
著者
Masashi KOMORI Chika NAGAOKA
出版者
日本感性工学会
雑誌
Kansei Engineering International Journal (ISSN:18840841)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.4, pp.179-182, 2012 (Released:2012-12-13)
参考文献数
10

In face-to-face communication, the listener's body movements are often observed to occur nearly simultaneously with changes in the speaker's voice pattern. This synchronization between speaker and listener is called entrainment. The present study investigated the relationship between classroom seating positions and instructor-student entrainment. Four university instructors individually gave 60-minute lectures to classes of 36-64 students in classrooms. The body movements of the students were captured using a video camera, and the voices of instructors were recorded via a microphone. For each pixel, the covariance between the sound level changes of a instructor's voice and the power of the brightness fluctuations of the pixel was calculated as an index of the entrainment level of each location in the classroom. The results suggested that students sitting in the middle row of the middle column in the classroom showed higher entrainment levels. Moreover, changes of entrainment level were found to reflect changes in student's interest in the lecture.
著者
工藤 伸一 石田 淳一 吉本 恵子 水野 正一 大島 澄男 古田 裕繁 笠置 文善
出版者
日本保健物理学会
雑誌
保健物理 (ISSN:03676110)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.1, pp.12-18, 2016 (Released:2016-07-06)
参考文献数
16

Radiation Effects Association has carried out radiation epidemiological study for nuclear industry workers during 1990-2010. We assembled a cohort of 204,103 workers. The average cumulative dose was 13.8 mSv (median 1.0 mSv, interquartile range (IQR) 0.0-10.7 mSv) and the average follow-up period was 14.2 year. The present report has not concluded that low-dose radiation increases cancer mortality based on the follow-up data through 2010. One reason is that analyses among 75,442 respondents― the average cumulative dose was 25.8 mSv (median 6.3 mSv, IQR 0.2-28.0 mSv) and the average follow-up period was 8.3 year―to the lifestyle surveys revealed the decrease of the ERR after adjusting for smoking habits or educational year, suggesting that confounder has a large effect on the association between radiation exposure and mortalities in the cohort. Another reason is that in analyses on all cohort members, no significant ERR was observed in all death, and leukemia excluding chronic lymphoid leukemia. Significant ERR was seen in all cancers excluding leukemia, but this significance of the ERR might be affected by confounder such as smoking, because the significance of the ERR in all cancers excluding leukemia originates in the significance of the ERR in lung cancer.
著者
前川 輝光
出版者
亜細亜大学
雑誌
亜細亜大学国際関係紀要 (ISSN:09173935)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.1, pp.1-36, 2004-09
著者
Han Suk Lee Jeung Hun Park
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.8, pp.2453-2456, 2015 (Released:2015-08-21)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
3 or 0

[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of Nordic walking on physical functions and depression in frail people aged 70 years and above. [Subjects] Twenty frail elderly individuals ≥70 years old were assigned to either a Nordic walking group (n=8) or general exercise group (n=10). [Methods] The duration of intervention was equal in both groups (3 sessions/week for 12 weeks, 60 min/session). Physical function (balance, upper extremity strength, lower extremity strength, weakness) and depression were examined before and after the interventions. [Results] With the exception of upper extremity muscle strength, lower extremity strength, weakness, balance, and depression after Nordic walking demonstrated statistically significant improvement. However, in the general exercise group, only balance demonstrated a statistically significant improvement after the intervention. There were significant differences in the changes in lower extremity muscle strength, weakness and depression between the groups. [Conclusion] In conclusion, Nordic walking was more effective than general exercise. Therefore, we suggest that Nordic walking may be an attractive option for significant functional improvement in frail people over 70 years old.

11 11 11 0 OA 書評

著者
日合 文雄 種村 秀紀 北詰 正顕 塩田 隆比呂
出版者
一般社団法人 日本数学会
雑誌
数学 (ISSN:0039470X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.2, pp.209-221, 2001-04-26 (Released:2008-12-25)
参考文献数
3
著者
台湾総督官房企画部 編
出版者
台湾総督官房企画部
巻号頁・発行日
vol.昭和10年末, 1939
著者
Juri hori
出版者
The Japanese Group Dynamics Association
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
(Released:2018-04-14)
参考文献数
13

Recognizing the structure of human well-being related to ecosystem services is an important first step to addressing the associated environmental issues. This paper aims to analyze the structure of human well-being related to ecosystem services in Japan (including coastal and inland areas). Satisfaction levels with the five components of human well-being (basic material for a good life, health, good social relations, security, and freedom of choice and action), as defined by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, were investigated using a questionnaire. Of the five components, structural equation modeling analysis indicated that “security” and “basic materials for a good life” functioned as explanatory variables, while “freedom of choice and action” acted as a dependent variable through its effects on the intermediate variables “health” and “good social relations”. This study obtained similar findings to previous studies regarding the structure of human well-being. The present results also indicate that the structural model of human well-being related to ecosystem services might be psychologically shared among people.