著者
台湾総督官房企画部 編
出版者
台湾総督官房企画部
巻号頁・発行日
vol.昭和10年末, 1939
著者
芳澤 元
出版者
禅文化研究所
雑誌
禅文化 (ISSN:05143012)
巻号頁・発行日
no.246, pp.67-71, 2017
著者
Juri hori
出版者
The Japanese Group Dynamics Association
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
(Released:2018-04-14)
参考文献数
13

Recognizing the structure of human well-being related to ecosystem services is an important first step to addressing the associated environmental issues. This paper aims to analyze the structure of human well-being related to ecosystem services in Japan (including coastal and inland areas). Satisfaction levels with the five components of human well-being (basic material for a good life, health, good social relations, security, and freedom of choice and action), as defined by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, were investigated using a questionnaire. Of the five components, structural equation modeling analysis indicated that “security” and “basic materials for a good life” functioned as explanatory variables, while “freedom of choice and action” acted as a dependent variable through its effects on the intermediate variables “health” and “good social relations”. This study obtained similar findings to previous studies regarding the structure of human well-being. The present results also indicate that the structural model of human well-being related to ecosystem services might be psychologically shared among people.
著者
奥西 智哉
出版者
公益社団法人 日本食品科学工学会
雑誌
日本食品科学工学会誌 (ISSN:1341027X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.7, pp.424-428, 2009-07-15 (Released:2009-09-01)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
13 or 0

小麦粉の一部を炊飯米で置換したごはんパンは置換率30%までのごはんパンは小麦粉パンと同等あるいはそれ以上の製パン性を有した.一方,部分置換タイプの米粉パンでは置換率の上昇とともに製パン性が低下した.置換率10-40%のごはんパンは,官能試験の総合評価で小麦粉パンより有意に評価が高く,最適置換率は30%であった.すだち・色相・香りは,20%ごはんパンの色相評価が有意に高い点を除き,いずれも有意差はなかった.内相の触感および硬さは10-30%ごはんパンで有意に評価が高く,20%が最適であった.味ともちもち感は,30%が最も高く,しっとり感と甘味は,40%までなら炊飯米置換率が高まるほど向上した.一方,米粉パンはすべての官能評価項目において小麦粉パンと有意差は見られず,特に総合評価では置換率にかかわらず評価が低かった.
著者
間辺 広樹
雑誌
情報処理
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.11, pp.1118-1121, 2015-10-15

平成27年3月,筑波大学東京キャンパスで開かれた第129回コンピュータと教育研究会(CE129)に,2つの高校生グループを研究発表させた.生徒達は期待以上の頑張りを見せ,研究者や教育者らが居並ぶ会場で堂々と発表をしてくれた結果,両グループともに学生奨励賞を受賞することができた.発表後は,私の指導過程に興味を持って下さる方がいることを知った.本稿では,2つのグループの指導を通して,高校生に研究活動をさせることの課題と,その解決に向けたアプローチの一例を紹介する.
著者
川上 裕司 清水 一郎 高橋 治男
出版者
日本衛生動物学会
雑誌
衛生動物 (ISSN:04247086)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.53, no.4, pp.249-256, 2002-12-15 (Released:2016-08-07)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
5 or 0

Fungi (eumycetes) isolated from the body surface of the cigarette beetles, Lasioderma serricorne Fabricius (Coleoptera: Anobiidae), were studied for their effect on food sanitation. The cigarette beetles were captured using a pheromone trap in 30 household kitchens in Tokyo, Saitama and Gunma prefectures from the end of July to the beginning of September, 2000. Each of the 150 captured beetles (5 beetles/house) was individually placed in a sterilization tube, with 1 ml of phosphate buffer. By shaking this tube with a touch mixer, the fungal spores adhering to the body surface of the beetle were separated. This extraction liquid was incubated on agar plates of potato dextrose (PDA), Czapek-Dox and Czapek yeast extract (CYA) at 25℃ and/or 26℃ for 5-7 days. Then, the colony grown on the plate was observed and identified on the basis of morphological characters. Consequently, 17 species of molds and about 5 species of yeasts were isolated from the body surface. Genus Aspergillus (12 isolates, 4 species) and genus Eurotium (8 isolates, 2 species) were predominant, followed by genus Penicillium (6 isolates, 4 species) and genus Arthrinium (5 isolates). Among the isolates of the toxigenic species including Aspergillus ochraceus, A. versicolor and A. fumigatus, ochratoxin A production by A. ochraceus were studied. Consequently, both isolates tested positive for toxin production. Moreover, the body surface of the cigarette beetles captured from the kitchens of 3 houses in Tokyo from the middle of August to the beginning of September 2001 was observed by a scanning electron microscope. Some fungal spores, similar to conidia of genus Aspergillus and genus Penicillium, were seen on the surface of the beetles.
著者
長谷川 孝治
出版者
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
雑誌
実験社会心理学研究 (ISSN:03877973)
巻号頁・発行日
(Released:2018-04-12)
参考文献数
37

本研究の目的は,スポーツボイスと呼ばれるボイストレーニング・プログラム(SVP)に参加することによって,高齢男性の心理的健康と配偶者とのコミュニケーションが促進されるかを検討することである。SVPに参加した高齢男性と配偶者を実験群として,開始前(T1),終了直後(T2),その3ヶ月後(T3)の3波のダイアドパネル調査を実施するとともに,類似した活動をする統制群と比較することで,準実験での検討を行った。共分散分析の結果,T2では,実験群の高齢男性は統制群に比べて,自尊心と配偶者からの反映的自己評価が高く,心理的健康が良好になった。さらに,実験群の配偶者は統制群に比べて,夫のコミュニケーション態度の推測が良好になった。また,パス解析によって,このSVPの効果が,集団アイデンティティ(ID)を高め,それが自尊心を仲介して,心理的健康を規定するプロセスが示された。T3では,全体的には,SVPの効果は消失した。ただし,T3において,実験群では,集団アイデンティティが高いほど,参加者および配偶者の心理的健康が高く,コミュニケーション態度も良好であった。これらの結果から,SVPは集団アイデンティティを高める形で,高齢男性の心理的健康を短期的に高める効果を持つことが明らかにされた。
著者
Tsutomu OMATSU Miki OMURA Yukie KATAYAMA Toru KIMURA Maho OKUMURA Atsushi OKUMURA Yoshiteru MURATA Tetsuya MIZUTANI
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
(Released:2018-04-11)

The intestinal microbiota was revealed with the recent advances in molecular techniques, such as high-throughput sequencing analysis. As a result, the microbial changes are thought to influence the health of humans and animals and such changes are affected by several factors including diet, genetics, age, sex, and diseases. Similar studies are being conducted in dogs, and the knowledge of intestinal microbiota in dogs is expanding. Nonetheless, basic information on intestinal microbiota in dogs is less than that of humans. Our aim was to study toy poodles (n=21), a popular companion dog, in terms of basic characteristics of the faecal microbiota by 16S rRNA gene barcoding analysis. In the faecal microbiota, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, and Fusobacteria were the dominant phyla (over 93.4% of faecal microbiota) regardless of the attributes of the dogs. In family level, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteroidaceae, and Lachnospiraceae were most prevalent. In case of a dog with protein-losing enteropathy, the diversity of faecal microbiota was different between before and after treatment. This study provides basic information for studying on faecal microbiota in toy poodles.
著者
東島 雅昌
出版者
日本選挙学会
雑誌
選挙研究 (ISSN:09123512)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.2, pp.62-76, 2015 (Released:2018-04-06)
参考文献数
35

本稿では,中央アジアのカザフスタン,キルギス,タジキスタンの選挙制度改革を概観し,選挙権威主義体制下の選挙制度がどのように変更され,選挙制度選択にはいかなる要因が寄与しているのか検討する。野党が脆弱な選挙権威主義体制下では,小選挙区制は与党に有利な議席バイアスをもたらすかわりに,統治エリートの凝集性を弱め,結果的に体制運営に支障をきたす可能性をはらむ。こうした選挙制度設計のジレンマのもと,高い支持動員能力をもつ権威主義体制の指導者は,小選挙区制下の議席プレミアムがなくても選挙に圧勝できるため,統治エリートの自律性をより効果的に抑制できる比例代表制の選択が可能になる。中央アジアの3カ国の事例は,政治指導者の支持動員力が低いときに小選挙区制に依存し,その動員力が増したときに比例代表制へと選挙制度を変更する傾向にあることを示唆している。
著者
Shun-ichiro HIRANO Tetsuya FUJIMOTO Hiroshi INOUE Kenji UCHIHASHI Yasuo NISHIKAWA
出版者
Osaka Odontological Society
雑誌
Journal of Osaka Dental University (ISSN:04752058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.151-156, 2017-10-25 (Released:2018-01-25)
参考文献数
13

The seating location in the classroom is thought to have a close relationship to the aca­ demic performance of each student. However, as teachers taking part in higher educa­ tion, we know that "common sense" must give way to many exceptional cases. To verify the truth of this widely held belief, we recorded the students' seating locations at a den­ tal hygiene college for many years, and correlated this information with their academic performance. As the rooms in which they were taught were identical, and the seating ar­ rangements were consistent throughout the years, it allowed us to analyze the data in a single environment. Many studies have reported that although students with poor grades sit in "low interaction" seats, students with good grades do not select "high interaction"seats, but rather prefer to occupy "moderate interaction" seats. Average or middle stu­ dents tended to have no favored location. We were not able to correlate each student's academic performance with her preferred seating location, especially in the case of high performing students. However, the pre­ ferred seating location for students with poor grades tended to follow commonly ac­ cepted norms which have been described in many reports. Our findings suggest that stu­ dents who are at risk of failing could be determined by where they sit in the classroom. This helps to identify the potentially unsuccessful candidates, and permits remedial ac­ tion at an early stage. (J Osaka Dent Univ 2017; 51: 151­-156)
著者
Lingyan Fan Jianjun Luo Hailuan Liu Xuan Geng
出版者
The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers
雑誌
IEICE Electronics Express (ISSN:13492543)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.13, pp.20140535-20140535, 2014 (Released:2014-07-10)
参考文献数
6

AES has been one of the most popular encryption and decryption algorithms for data security applications. At the same time, data randomization (or “homogeneous”) technology was applied to reduce the bit error rate (BER) of MLC and TLC flash memory. Here, AES algorithm was found efficient to replace the orthogonal polynomials which normally carry out homogeneous function by scrambling data. This paper put forward a novel hardware architecture providing both homogeneous and data encryption/decryption functions concurrently by an embedded AES hardware engine while getting rid of randomization engine with Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR). It made a flash controller simple and reduced the die size because the independent homogeneous hard engine is no longer necessary for a flash memory system, in which AES security algorithm embedded. Finally a SSD controller designed in this architecture was silicon proven.
著者
川上 央 三戸 勇気
出版者
一般社団法人情報処理学会
雑誌
情報処理学会研究報告音楽情報科学(MUS) (ISSN:09196072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2004, no.111, pp.143-148, 2004-11-07
参考文献数
16

Rauscher(1993)のモーツァルト効果とはモーツァルトのピアノソナタの第一楽章を聴いた場合,空間課題の得点が上がったというものであるが,この研究ではモーツァルトとサリエリの作品での効果の違いを,3分間の計算課題を行った前後の心拍,血圧,血流量,発汗,脳波を指標に検討した.その結果,モーツァルトとサリエリの作品において,顕著な生理反応の違いは見られなかったが,脳波パワスペクトルのβ1帯域において,楽曲による有意差が見られた.このことより,モーツァルト効果は脳波の一部の周波数に影響を及ぼすのではないかと考えた.The Mozart effect by Rauscher(1993) is an increase in spatial reasoning scores detected immediately after listening to the first movement of a Mozart piano sonata. The purpose of the current study was to assess the effect of listening to Mozart and Salieri on the immediate performance of a 3-min. mathematical test as measured by Hart Rate, Blood Pressure, Local Blood Flow, Perspiration Volume, Electroencephalogram. As results, there were not significantly different between Mozart and Salieri on physiological response except Beta-1 band power of Electroencephalogram. We conclude that the Mozart effect affects only a part of Electroencephalogram.