著者
高橋 慧 藤井 義明
出版者
資源・素材学会
雑誌
資源・素材学会春季大会講演集
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, pp.25-1, 2014-03-26

汚染水注入6事例(200~501286 m^3)、地熱回収5事例(塩水、4838~28771 m^3)について、注入体積と誘発地震の最大マグニチュードとの関係を求めた。これと並行して、我が国のM1.8~7.0の40個の地震についてマグニチュード・深度と最大震度との関係を求め、これらの式から、注入流体体積と最大震度との関係式を導いた。この関係式を米国のシェールガス採掘にも適用できるとすれば、一つのサイトにつき2.69~13.6 Mt/年の水が注入されているので、予想される最大震度は1年間で1.7~2.4、30年間で3.3~4.0となり、社会的に容認される震度 を1とすればこれを超える。また、この式が超臨界二酸化炭素の注入にも適用できるとすれば、IPCCにおけるCCSでの世界のCO2削減目標が2050年時点で17%なので、サイトの運転年数を30年と仮定した場合、我が国で発生するCO2の17%を一箇所のCCSサイトに注入すると、予想される最大震度は5.0となり、社会的に容認されない。最大震度を1以下に保ちつつ上記と同じ量のCO2を貯蔵するためのサイト数は2.2万基となり非現実的である。
著者
市原 攝子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.19-35, 2016-03-25

In Japan, two cervical cancer vaccines were approved and implemented in 2009. The severe adverse drug reaction (ADR) of these vaccines, however, was later recognized, and consequently Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare stopped recommending them in 2013. Using the concept of Ulrich Beck’s ‘sub-politics’, this paper argues that in promoting the vaccines the pharmaceutical industry as sub-political power, failed to provide the health benefit of reducing the risk of cervical cancer, but succeeded in achieving an economic benefit for itself. Due to its highly academic nature, the sub-politics of pharmaceutical industry has constructed a power that affects the government’s decisions on new drugs. Moreover, the pharmaceutical sub-politics evaded any responsibility for the ADR of cervical cancer vaccines because of the risk-free environment that it had created for itself. Overall this paper contends that the pharmaceutical sub-political power is unaccountable and profit-oriented.
著者
山村 高淑
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.145-164, 2008-11-28

This paper is a survey of how the town of Washimiya became the "sacred place" for anime fans ever since fans from all around the country rushed to visit the town after it was used as a setting for the animation "Lucky Star", leading also to the town successfully holding two events for these fans. The following three points were discussed. 1)The process leading up to the town becoming a "sacred place". 2)The process leading up to the town welcoming tourists. 3)The roles of tourist related corporations outside the town. As a result, it was found that in each process the local commerce and industry association played a central role. It was also found that with the town's commerce and industry association at the core, a local shrine, local shops, fans, and corporations from outside the region (copyright owners and a tourist agency) were able to build a relationship of mutual benefit as a backdrop to the current success.
著者
小林 裕章 金子 剛 西本 紘嗣郎 内田 厚
出版者
泌尿器科紀要刊行会
雑誌
泌尿器科紀要 (ISSN:00181994)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.56, no.1, pp.63-65, 2010-01

Penile strangulation is one of the emergent urologic disorders, because immediate release is the critical treatment to prevent penile necrosis, urethral injury, erectile disorder, and other unfavorable events. A 66- year-old man was transferred to the emergency room of our hospital for the penile swelling and pain, occurring by penile insertion to the beverage bottle for masturbation. The penis was completely relieved using an electric plaster cutter without any injury. The strangulation time was four hours and a half, and there were no complications. We recommend an electric plaster cutter as a useful tool for this incident.
著者
Watanabe Yasunori Saeki Hiroshi Hosking Roger J.
出版者
Cambridge University Press
雑誌
Journal of Fluid Mechanics (ISSN:00221120)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.545, pp.291-328, 2005
被引用文献数
93

The large-scale vortex structures under spilling and plunging breakers are investigated, using a fully three-dimensional large-eddy simulation (LES). When an overturning jet projecting from the crest in a breaking wave rebounds from the water surface ahead, the vorticity becomes unstable in a saddle region of strain between the rebounding jet and a primary spanwise vortex, resulting in spanwise undulations of the vorticity. The undulations are amplified on a braid in this saddle region, leading to a vortex loop with counter-rotating vorticity. This vortex loop consequently envelops adjacent primary vortices, to form a typical rib structure. This rib component (the stretched vortex loop) in the large-scale vortex structure, which intensifies in the strains associated with the multiple primary vortices generated throughout the splash-up cycle, appears to be the previously found obliquely descending eddy.
著者
佐藤 千登勢
出版者
筑波大学人文社会科学研究科 国際地域研究専攻
雑誌
筑波大学地域研究 = Area studies Tsukuba (ISSN:09121412)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.39, pp.57-70, 2018-03-31

The food stamp program (also known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: SNAP) has been an integral part of American social welfare system since its inception in the 1960s. By providing food-purchasing assistance for low income families, it has saved millions of destitute people, especially children, from malnutrition and hunger. In the aftermath of the 2008 recession, the number of food stamp recipients has reached a record high and it has become the "last resort" safety net for those who lost jobs. Even after the U.S. economy regained the pre-recession level, more than 10% of the nation's population has been benefiting from the program. In recent years, this rapid expansion has made the food stamp program a target for criticism among budget-minded conservative Republicans and they have explored the possibility of cutting its benefits. However, since the food stamp program is administered by the Department of Agriculture under the Agricultural Act, in order to scale it down, critics have to confront various interests. Influential agricultural lobbies represent large-scale commercial farms and agribusiness. Food and beverage companies and retailers are also opposed to the cutbacks of food stamps. As a result, aside from minor budgetary changes, the food stamp program has not been changed to date. This article examines the recent controversy over the food stamp reform and explores the difficulties that conservative Republicans faced in Congress when they tried to remove food stamp program from the Agricultural Act of 2014. By focusing upon the debate in the 113th Congress, this article demonstrates that the food stamp program cannot be changed as long as conservative Republicans adhere to the principle of fiscal conservatism and fail to negotiate with agricultural and commercial interests which support the program.
著者
Yoshizawa Kazunori Ferreira Rodrigo L. Kamimura Yoshitaka Lienhard Charles
出版者
Elsevier
雑誌
Current Biology (ISSN:09609822)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.9, pp.1006-1010, 2014-05
被引用文献数
25

Sex-specific elaborations are common in animals and have attracted the attention of many biologists, including Darwin [1]. It is accepted that sexual selection promotes the evolution of sex-specific elaborations. Due to the faster replenishment rate of gametes, males generally have higher potential reproductive and optimal mating rates than females. Therefore, sexual selection acts strongly on males [2], leading to the rapid evolution and diversification of male genitalia [3]. Male genitalia are sometimes used as devices for coercive holding of females as a result of sexual conflict over mating [4 and 5]. In contrast, female genitalia are usually simple. Here we report the reversal of intromittent organs in the insect genus Neotrogla (Psocodea: Prionoglarididae) from Brazilian caves. Females have a highly elaborate, penis-like structure, the gynosome, while males lack an intromittent organ. The gynosome has species-specific elaborations, such as numerous spines that fit species-specific pouches in the simple male genital chamber. During prolonged copulation (∼40–70 hr), a large and potentially nutritious ejaculate is transferred from the male via the gynosome. The correlated genital evolution in Neotrogla is probably driven by reversed sexual selection with females competing for seminal gifts. Nothing similar is known among sex-role reversed animals.
著者
Takahashi Kazutoshi Yamanaka Shinya
出版者
Elsevier Inc.
雑誌
Cell (ISSN:00928674)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.126, no.4, pp.663-676, 2006-08-25
被引用文献数
13383

This article is related to the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012

105 0 0 0 OA ROMAHOPEDIA

著者
柴田 光蔵
巻号頁・発行日
2013-07-01

ROMAHOPEDIA (PARS SECUNDA)はhttp://hdl.handle.net/2433/188828に公開
著者
井土 愼二 Ido Shinji
出版者
大修館書店
雑誌
月刊言語 (ISSN:02871696)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.4, pp.82-87, 2005-04
著者
久保 拓弥
巻号頁・発行日
2008

大学院での統計学授業2008の「講義ノート」です。