- 生涯学習・キャリア教育研究 (ISSN:18803148)
- no.2, pp.45-53, 2006-03
This article argues on "Comprehensive School Guidance and Counseling Program (CSGCP)" including career guidance/counseling in America. First, the author states briefly about the history of CSGCP that N.Gysbers contributed theevolution of CSGCP and building the ASCA national model. Then the author analyzes the features of CSGCP (Gysbers'smodel and ASCA model) and the components about career guidance/counseling activities in CSGCP. Next, discussingthe development of CSGCP in the state of Michigan, it reveals that Michigan's CSGCP(MCGCP) stands on the ASCAmodel and is associated with state's other educational policies.The author also examines the role and training of school counselors in the state. They are expected to take thecentral role of practicing MCGCP and trained to be able to work with MCGCP in schools as a educational professionand to perform career/multicultural counseling. Moreover, examining the actual work of a school counselor at a middleschool, it shows that school counselors are regarded as a educational profession by theirselves and others because theyteach students the skills such as career skills in classrooms.The article concludes with a discussion on implications of CSGCP and school counselors in America. In America,"career education" is not the same as "career guidance." Career guidance in Japan should be reconsidered as systematicand dynamic activities like CSGCP. The school counselors in Japan should be trained as a educational profession withcounseling skills.