著者
大久保 賢一
出版者
日本行動分析学会
雑誌
行動分析学研究 (ISSN:09138013)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.29, no.2, pp.127-141, 2015-02-25

本論文では、日本行動分析学会「体罰に反対する声明」を受け、学校場面における「体罰」に依存しない行動問題に対する適正手続きについて解説する。まず、わが国における児童生徒が示す行動問題に対する懲戒や出席停止、あるいは有形力の行使などの適正手続きについて紹介し、「体罰」と懲戒の線引きに関する課題を明らかにする。そして、タスクフォースが声明において何に反対し、何に反対しないのかということをより明確にする。さらに、声明において推奨されているポジティブな行動支援の一例として、米国において普及しつつあるSchool-wide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS)について紹介し、行動問題に対する予防的で階層的、そしてシステムワイドな支援モデルについて紹介する。米国の「障害のある個人教育法」(individuals with Disabilities Education Act: IDEA)において定められている学校教育における懲戒ルールについて解説し、適切な支援を行うことを前提とした行動問題への適正手続きについて言及する。

50 49 49 3 OA かちかち山

著者
松村武雄 文
出版者
講談社
巻号頁・発行日
1950
著者
岡島 寛 金田 泰昌 田村 友規 松永 信智
出版者
公益社団法人 計測自動制御学会
雑誌
計測自動制御学会論文集 (ISSN:04534654)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.55, no.4, pp.245-251, 2019 (Released:2019-04-16)
参考文献数
26

A design method of state estimation observer under outliers and data-lost environment is proposed in this paper. In networked control systems, the data-lost is one of the most important topic for solving. When data-lost occurred, the output data for the control system is disappeared. The data-lost is significant problems if we want to use state feedback. To overcome negative impact by outliers and data-lost, we propose a method to disappear negative impact by outliers and data-lost using median information. The effectiveness of the proposed observer is evaluated by numerical examples.
著者
三船 恒裕 横田 晋大
出版者
日本社会心理学会
雑誌
社会心理学研究 (ISSN:09161503)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.34, no.2, pp.94-101, 2018-11-30 (Released:2018-12-15)
参考文献数
28

The relationships between social dominance orientation (SDO) and political attitudes and prejudice have been investigated mainly in Western societies, with little known about them in other societies, especially in Japan. In this study, we examined the external validity of the SDO scale and the relationship between SDO and discriminatory attitudes toward foreigners using samples of Japanese undergraduates and adults from the general population. Across four studies, the results confirmed the reliability of the Japanese SDO scale and found that SDO positively correlated with political conservatism, such as taking a firm stance on the “Takeshima” Island (“Dokdo” in Korean) or “Senkaku” Islands (“Diaoyu Islands” in Chinese and “Diaoyutai Islands” in Taiwanese) problems, negative and avoidant attitudes towards foreigners, and discriminatory attitudes toward Korean residents in Japan. We also found that some gender differences of political attitudes and prejudice were statistically mediated by the gender difference of SDO. These results suggest that SDO can be one of valid explanations to understand the individual differences in Japanese political and discriminatory attitudes.

27 27 27 0 OA 能樂圖繪

著者
耕漁 [画]
出版者
松木平吉
巻号頁・発行日
vol.前編 上, 1901
著者
Shun-ichiro HIRANO Tetsuya FUJIMOTO Hiroshi INOUE Kenji UCHIHASHI Yasuo NISHIKAWA
出版者
Osaka Odontological Society
雑誌
Journal of Osaka Dental University (ISSN:04752058)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.51, no.2, pp.151-156, 2017-10-25 (Released:2018-01-25)
参考文献数
13

The seating location in the classroom is thought to have a close relationship to the aca­ demic performance of each student. However, as teachers taking part in higher educa­ tion, we know that "common sense" must give way to many exceptional cases. To verify the truth of this widely held belief, we recorded the students' seating locations at a den­ tal hygiene college for many years, and correlated this information with their academic performance. As the rooms in which they were taught were identical, and the seating ar­ rangements were consistent throughout the years, it allowed us to analyze the data in a single environment. Many studies have reported that although students with poor grades sit in "low interaction" seats, students with good grades do not select "high interaction"seats, but rather prefer to occupy "moderate interaction" seats. Average or middle stu­ dents tended to have no favored location. We were not able to correlate each student's academic performance with her preferred seating location, especially in the case of high performing students. However, the pre­ ferred seating location for students with poor grades tended to follow commonly ac­ cepted norms which have been described in many reports. Our findings suggest that stu­ dents who are at risk of failing could be determined by where they sit in the classroom. This helps to identify the potentially unsuccessful candidates, and permits remedial ac­ tion at an early stage. (J Osaka Dent Univ 2017; 51: 151­-156)
著者
髙嶋 博
出版者
日本神経治療学会
雑誌
神経治療学 (ISSN:09168443)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.35, no.4, pp.536-542, 2019 (Released:2019-04-22)
参考文献数
24

Many patients present with extremely serious problems such as headache, photophobia, acoustic hyperresponsiveness, severe pain, menstrual disorders, various sleep disorders, and POTS after human papillomavirus vaccination (HPV vaccine). In addition, patients exhibit various neurological symptoms such as movement disorders, walking disturbance, involuntary movement, abnormal sensation, memory disturbance, and so on. However, these symptoms are variable and have been considered to be symptoms of hysteria (somatoform disorder, somatic symptoms). Immunosuppressive treatments were not administered because many cases were considered to be of neurological origin. In such cases, the disease condition is objectively evaluated to diagnose and treat patients with neurological symptoms. In conclusion, the wide–ranging symptoms of the central nervous system include those caused by disseminated autoimmune encephalitis and also symptoms of the peripheral small fibers. Thus, according to the obtained findings, the neurological symptoms caused by HPV vaccination are related to immunological diseases, and not psychogenic diseases. In addition, the cause of misdiagnosis has also been described.
著者
掛谷 英紀 大南 勝
出版者
日本知能情報ファジィ学会
雑誌
知能と情報 (ISSN:13477986)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.2, pp.617-625, 2019-04-15 (Released:2019-04-15)
参考文献数
21

本論文では,国会会議録を機械学習することで,短命に終わる議員・大臣の発言の特徴を分析する.短命議員については,マスコミ報道の追い風に乗って大量当選したいわゆる「チルドレン議員」を対象に,一期で終わってしまった人物と,その後議員を続けることができた人物の間に,国会質問でどのような違いが見られるかを分析する.短命大臣については,大臣就任後舌禍や不祥事によって辞任した人物と,長期間大臣を務め上げた人物の間に,国会答弁でどのような違いが見られるかを分析する.機械学習には最大エントロピー法による学習と,判別分析の考え方を応用して特徴抽出を行うナイーブ・ベイズ法による学習をそれぞれ実装し,その分類性能を比較する.分析の結果,短命議員の質問には,尊敬語・謙譲語などの丁寧な表現が少ないこと,損得勘定に関する表現の使用が多いことが分かった.また,短命大臣の答弁には,国会の場にふさわしくない砕けた表現が多用されるほか,高い理想や自身の頑張りを主張する発言が多い傾向が見出された.