著者
徳田 和宏 竹林 崇 海瀬 一也 小山 隆 藤田 敏晃
出版者
日本理学療法士学会
雑誌
理学療法学 (ISSN:02893770)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.11643, (Released:2020-01-16)
参考文献数
34

【目的】BAD の運動機能予後の予測について検討した。【方法】BAD101 例を退院時良好群と不良群に分類し年齢,性別,麻痺側,入院時National Institute of Health Stroke Scale(以下,NIHSS),病変部位,梗塞面積,リハ開始日,Fugl-Meyer Assessment(以下,FMA),Mini-mental State Examination(以下,MMSE),在院日数,OT・PT 単位を調査し,単変量解析(χ2 検定,対応のないt検定)と退院時FMA を目的変数としたロジスティック回帰分析を行い有意差のあった因子からカットオフ値を算出した。【結果】良好群は不良群と比較し年齢,NIHSS,梗塞面積,在院日数は低くFMA とMMSE は高かった(p<0.05)。また,リハ開始時FMA のカットオフ値は上肢18 点,下肢19 点であった。【結論】BAD の運動機能予後の予測にはリハ開始時FMA が関連していた。
著者
中村 一明
出版者
Tokyo Geographical Society
雑誌
地学雑誌 (ISSN:0022135X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.2, pp.93-104, 1966-04-25 (Released:2009-11-12)
参考文献数
14

Taal Volcano, situated at SW part of Luzon Island, Philippines, erupted during 28th to 30th, September 1965 after fifty-four years of quiescence.As an example of a magmatophreatic eruption of basaltic volcano, this paper deals with the course and the ejecta of the eruption with special reference to the horizontal blasts, based both on a paper by MOORE et al. and on the writers field observation. Topography of the island and historical records of eruption are examined from the same viewpoint by literature survey.Taal Volcano is an island in Taal Lake and is 25 km2 in area with a summit crater 2 km in diameter. The volcano island is composed almost of pyroclastic materials which are the product of past magmatophreatic eruptions. Sixteen craters are found on the slope of the main flat cone and they are wide in proportion to their height suggesting their origin to be explosive eruptions.No historical record describes quiet effusion of lava flows, but it indicates explosive nature of eruption.Essential materials responsible for the present eruption was titanaugie-olivine-basalt. The eruption continued for about 60 hours and no lava flow issued. The area of about 60 km2 was covered by new pyroclastic ejecta more than 25 cm thick. New elongate explosion crater was opened by the present fissure explosion on the southwestern slope of the main cone.From the base of explosively rising eruption clouds, horizontal blasts spread out in all directions. The blast is turbulent mixture of mud, lapilli, blocks and crept on the surface of the ground with hurricane velocity and near the crater it spilled over a ridge of 300 m in relative height (summit crater rim). But it tended to spread on lower places as it proceeded further away from the crater. Parts of the blast crossed the lake surface over 2 km and caused much damage to the villages at opposite lakeside. The blasts left giant ripples on the surface of the deposits within 2 km from the crater. The wave-length of the ripples decreases regularly from 15 m to 3 m as the distance from the crater increases.The blasts are regarded to be a low temperature pyroclastic flows. The mobility of the flow is thought to be maintained only by the initial formation of a fluidized system. Because, no delayed vesiculation is expected since the essential material is basaltic in composition, and also because the internal turbulence caused by envelopment of cold air is not great enough, since the temperature of the flow was only about 100°C or below. Magmatophreatic explosion through layers of pyroclastics seems to have been a favourable condition for the initial formation of the fluidized system.
著者
碓井 照子 小長谷 一之
出版者
公益社団法人 日本地理学会
雑誌
地理学評論 Ser. A (ISSN:00167444)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.9, pp.621-633, 1995-09-01 (Released:2008-12-25)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
2 4

Many studies are being conducted on the 1995 Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake from the earth science and architectural technological aspects, but urban structure is an important intervening factor link-ing causes and damages of an urban earthquake. This note will give a few insights from this point of view. The distribution of debris of collapsed structure clustered around (1) Suma-Nagata district, (2) Sanno-miya-Yamate district and (3) Nada-Higashinada district was analyzed; (1) and (3) are inner-city areas with many wooden houses, located 3 to 10 km from the central business district. Some network analyses are further performed usig GIS in the district of cluster (3). The number of arcs within a given road distance shows a characteristic decay caused by the earthquake, but its pat-tern varies by the distance band given. The fractal dimension of road network effectively summa-rizes this information. Calculation of the fractal dimension extracts many points either restricted by transportation facilities or river lines, or enclosed by debris as “dead ends”.
著者
黒田 七郎 田中 拓 上田 隆康 隆杉 憲行
出版者
The Japan Society of Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers
雑誌
造船協會論文集 (ISSN:18842062)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1965, no.117, pp.292-309, 1965 (Released:2009-07-23)
参考文献数
15

It is well known that a submarine has the excellent propulsive performance in high speed. navigation in deeply submerged condition, but few papers have sufficiently shown economical feasibility of submarines for commercial use.The authors have studied about the feasibility of submarine tankers with a view to develop technical problems of commercial submarines. At first, the experiments on five submarine tanker models with the circular and rectangular hull sections were performed by method of three-component measurements at Mejiro No. 2 Tank.Examining the resistance, stability, floating draft and general arrangement of the submarine tankers, the authors chose the ST-2 type rectangular hull form as best for the submrine tanker. The lines of the ST-2 type hull form was shown in Fig. 3The ST-2 type submarine tankers with various dead weights and shaft horse powers were designed and their investment, operation cost, annual profit, freight rate per dead weight and capital recovery factor were calculated. The results of this study were summarized in Fig. 19 to 23. The best submarine tanker in the point of view of commercial feasibility was 40, 000 tons in dead weight and 20, 000 horse powers in shaft horse power under restrained condition within 14 meters in maximum floating draft. On the contrary to the previous opinions, was shown the fact that the submarine tankers would not be very fast than present conventional tankers. As shown in Fig. 23, the submarine tanker would not have commercial feasibility without drastically decreased cost of nuclear power plants.
著者
遠藤 誠作
出版者
北海道大学公共政策大学院
雑誌
年報 公共政策学
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.169-183, 2015-03-31

The times when population decreased began in Japan, and time to reconsider a method of the conventional sewer construction came. Because individual processing is effective in the area having low population density, I think about the maintenance that utilized a septic tank.
著者
金 明秀
出版者
関西社会学会
雑誌
フォーラム現代社会学 (ISSN:13474057)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, pp.36-53, 2015-06-25 (Released:2017-09-22)
被引用文献数
1

近年、日本でもマイノリティへのヘイトスピーチなどを特徴とする極右運動が問題視されるようになったが、それを下支えする社会的態度だと考えられている排外主義について、計量的なアプローチを用いて規定要因を探索的に特定することが本稿の目的である。データは2012年に「外国人集住都市会議」に加盟する自治体の有権者を対象に郵送法によって実施された調査である。分析モデルを構築するにあたっては、多数の態度概念を媒介させることで、社会構造上の位置をあらわす変数と従属変数の共変関係の「意味」を精緻に特定する社会意識論のフレームを用いた。分析の結果、次の3点が明らかになった。すなわち、(1)排外主義の形成に直接作用する社会構造変数はみられず、社会意識が媒介するかたちで排外主義が変動する、(2)排外主義を直接的に押し上げる最大の要因は同化主義である。同化主義は年齢が高いほど強い、(3)排外主義を直接的に抑制する要因は一般的信頼である。一般的信頼は社会的ネットワークの幅が広いほど高く、社会的ネットワークの幅は教育達成が高いほど広い。以上の発見に基づいて、社会全体の統合や秩序を毀損する排外主義を抑制するためには、「多文化関係資源」とでも呼びうる希少資源が重要であること、また、「多文化関係資源」の価値を再評価し、資源を再生産するシステマティックな取り組みが必要であることを論じた。
著者
高野 徹
出版者
一般社団法人日本リスク研究学会
雑誌
日本リスク研究学会誌 (ISSN:09155465)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.67-76, 2019-04-25 (Released:2019-04-26)
参考文献数
18

Over 200 cases of juvenile thyroid cancer have been found in Fukushima since 2011. This phenomenon is now regarded to be caused by overdiagnosis of self-limiting thyroid cancer which exists at high prevalence in the young. The overdiagnosis was caused by the thyroid screening with ultrasonography (US), which also caused overdiagnosis in Korea. For many reasons, the thyroid screening program in Fukushima is still ongoing without any changes. The majority of residents in Fukushima still request to continue the program since they are not informed about the harms of this program. Since the US examination is performed as one of the school program, the rate of participation by schoolchildren is over 90%, which has resulted in expansion of the disaster. The Fukushima thyroid cancer disaster provides us a valuable opportunity to reconsider about medical ethics.
著者
鈴木 均
出版者
独立行政法人 日本貿易振興機構アジア経済研究所
雑誌
中東レビュー (ISSN:21884595)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, pp.35-41, 2017 (Released:2019-11-12)

The result of the November election of the US president has crucial importance for the future of several countries including Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Iran, with different nuances pertaining to each country. In the case of Iran, contrary to the other two countries, the result of Donald Trump’s victory is disgusting, as he has openly denied the profits of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) from the outset of his election campaign.If Hillary Clinton were elected, she would have followed Barack Obama’s political legacy in many ways, including the policies that brought about his breakthrough in US–Iranian relations after the 1979 revolution. We could refer to many pieces of evidence, especially from M. Landler’s convincing work entitled Alter Egos (2016). President Obama’s unprecedented challenge in this regard was to change relations with Iran such that there is less emnity. Nowadays it seems very difficult to expect that this rare historical chance at a stronger US-Iran relationship will eventually materialize.In this very difficult situation, Japan should not hesitate to make every effort to convince the Trump Administration that it is crucial for the US to maintain diplomatic relations with Iran to keep the Middle East from entering a more catastrophic situation characterised by greater warfare. Japan is an important player in this situation given its uniqueness in having an alliance with the US while at the same time being trusted by Iran.
著者
木村 妙子 木村 昭一 自見 直人 倉持 利明 藤田 敏彦 駒井 智幸 吉田 隆太 田中 隼人 岡西 政典 小川 晟人 小林 格 小玉 将史 齋藤 礼弥 清野 裕暉 片平 浩孝 中野 裕昭 吉川 晟弘 上野 大輔 田中 正敦 大矢 佑基 前川 陽一 中村 亨 奥村 順哉 田中 香月 Kimura Taeko Kimura Shoichi Jimi Naoto Kuramochi Toshiaki Fujita Toshihiko Komai Tomoyuki Yoshida Ryuta Tanaka Hayato Okanishi Masanori Ogawa Akito Kobayashi Itaru Kodama Masafumi Saito Masaya Kiyono Yuki Katahira Hirotaka Nakano Hiroaki Yoshikawa Akihiro Uyeno Daisuke Tanaka Masaatsu Oya Yuki Maekawa Yoichi Nakamura Toru Okumura Junya Tanaka Kazuki
出版者
三重大学大学院生物資源学研究科
雑誌
三重大学大学院生物資源学研究科紀要 = The bulletin of the Graduate School of Bioresources Mie University
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, pp.11-50, 2019-09

Preliminary results of the deep-sea faunal survey conducted from the TR/V Seisui-maru of Mie University in April 2018 are presented. 18 taxonomists and ecologists working on a wide variety of animal taxa participated in this survey. Surveyed areas included the Kumano Sea (off Mie Prefecture) and south of the Kii Strait (off Tanabe Bay, Wakayama Prefecture), at depths of 80-821 m. Sampling gears employed were beam trawl and biological dredge. The collection is represented by macrobenthos and meiobenthos from 11 animal phyla, including arthropods, echinoderms, annelids and molluscans. The number of phyla occurring in each station varied from 3 to 7. The station with most diverse fauna at the phylum level was St. 3B (south of the Kii Strait, 421-543 m depth, sandy mud bottom). Meiofauna includes priapulids and small arthropods, such as ostracods, tanaidaceans, isopods, cumaceans and acarus. In addition to free-living species, parasitic crustaceans, platyhelminthes, acanthocephalans, annelids and cnidarians were also collected from fishes, ascidians, urchins, holothurians, crustaceans and polychaetes. Preliminary identifications are given for Ostracoda, Cirripedia, Amphipoda, Decapoda, Asteroidea,Ophiuroidea, Holothuroidea, polychaetes, Echiura, Mollusca and Xenoturbellida.
著者
桐明 絢 太田 晶 岡山 桜子 松浦 啓一 石崎 松一郎 長島 裕二
出版者
公益社団法人 日本食品衛生学会
雑誌
食品衛生学雑誌 (ISSN:00156426)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.1, pp.13-18, 2016-02-25 (Released:2016-03-02)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
1 1

市販のしらす加工品にフグ稚魚が混入した事例が,2014年9月に多数報告され,商品の回収等が行われた.フグ稚魚の毒性に関する知見は少なく,フグ稚魚が混入したしらす加工品の安全性を評価するため,混入フグ稚魚の種と毒性を調べた.2014年7~9月に各地で製造されたしらす加工品17試料を用い,ミトコンドリアDNA 16S rRNA部分領域の塩基配列から種判別を行い,LC-MS/MS分析でテトロドトキシン(TTX)を測定した.遺伝子解析の結果,15試料はシロサバフグ,2試料がナシフグと判別された.シロサバフグ試料からTTXは検出されず(10 ng/g未満),ナシフグ試料ではTTXに相当するピークが検出されたが,定量下限値(30 ng/g)未満であった.
著者
岡本 雅享
出版者
福岡県立大学
雑誌
福岡県立大学人間社会学部紀要 = Journal of the Faculty of Integrated Human Studies and Social Sciences, Fukuoka Prefectural University (ISSN:13490230)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, no.2, pp.11-31, 2009-01-08

筆者は拙稿「日本における民族の創造」(大阪経済法科大学『アジア太平洋レビュー』第5号、2008年9月)で、1880年代末の日本で「民族」という言葉・概念が生じてから、どのよう に民族が創造されてきたかを、大和民族(1888年初出)と出雲民族(1896年初出)を対比しながら検証した。本稿では民族の三要素(歴史・文化、言語、宗教)の中で、日本の中ではより単一だと思われがちな言語に焦点をあてて、単一・同質だといわれるものの内部から、その幻想を解体してみたいと思う。
著者
松尾 真一郎
雑誌
情報処理
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.2, pp.200-202, 2020-01-15

ビットコインは,暗号研究者の夢である「信頼できる第三者の存在がなくてもネットワークを介して支払いを行う」の実現を試みた画期的なプロトコルの提案である.ビットコインを成り立たせるために,暗号,分散コンピューティング,ゲーム理論などさまざまな異なる研究領域が有機的かつ絶妙に組み合わされている.本稿ではこの絶妙な組合せを5分でわかった気にさせるという無茶な要求に対し,その無茶の度合いを説明しつつも,しっかり参考文献を時間を掛けて読めば,その組合せの絶妙さと,ビットコインがいかに暗号プロトコル研究者にとってコロンブスの卵的に素晴らしい提案であるかを理解できる道しるべを得る解説を提供する.